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Issues in 2008


THE CONSOLIDATION OF NATIONAL PARLIAMENTS WITHIN AN ENLARGING EU Print E-mail

Muiris MacCarthaigh

Abstract
As national parliaments emerged in the context of national states rather than international organisations, fulfilling functions demanded by virtue of European Union membership challenges their traditional modus operandi, especially in the field of legislative oversight. Considerable attention has been given as to how best national parliaments might adapt and expand their oversight capacity in order to examine EU legislation and policy, thus underwriting the legitimacy of the expanding Union’s work. This debate raises fundamental questions concerning the responsibilities not only of national parliaments, but also of the various other institutions employed by the Union. As well as considering this issue, this article also interrogates how best we can conceptualise the role of national parliaments within the new modes of governance inspired by the demands of EU membership. To begin, the paper considers how the contemporary analysis of European legislatures has developed.

Keywords: Parliaments, EU, Accountability, Committees, Legislation

PhD. Muiris MacCarthaigh is a Research Officer at the Institute of Public Administration in
Dublin, Ireland. An earlier version of this paper appeared in Administration Vol. 54 (3),
2006, pp. 69-94

Cite this article:
MacCarthaigh Muiris. The consolidation of national parliaments within an enlarging EU. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.1, no.1:5-31, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2008-no1-art01

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2008-no1-art01

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2008-no1-art01.pdf

 
PROPERTY RIGHTS AS A “CONSEQUENCE” OF ECONOMIC SYSTEM: THE CASE OF JOHN LOCKE AND CANADIAN ABORIGINALS Print E-mail

Mitja Durnik

Abstract
According to Locke, an aboriginal land was unoccupied before the settlement of the Americas by Europeans and people who lived there were in the “state of nature” – in a kind of a pre-political society where did not recognize property as the European nations did. Locke saw private property as an important determinant of economic development where the Aboriginal people were underdeveloped and living in simple-organized societies based on self-sufficient economy which could not produce any extra profit. In other words, in Locke’s view existed two economic worlds – one European who had a potential for making a profit, and one aboriginal, mainly connected with barter economy. The main argument is then the economic system in the large manner dictated the variety of property rights in colonial and aboriginal economy.


Key words: Colonialism, Aboriginal People, Property Rights, John Locke, Political Thought.

Mitja Durnik holds BA diplomas in political science and management and he is PhD candidate at Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Ljubljana.

Cite this article:
Durnik Mitja. Property Rights as a “Consequence” of Economic System: The
Case of John Locke and Canadian Aboriginals. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.1, no.1:53-90, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2008-no1-art03

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2008-no1-art03

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2008-no1-art03.pdf

 
CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND THE ROLE OF THE STATE Print E-mail

Dolores Modic 

Abstract
The term social responsibility is generaly used in connection with private entities, whereas the role of the state and public organizations is often forgotten. We usually see the state and public organizations as regulators in the context of social responsibility, whose goal is to achieve socially responsible actions of the private sector. However, we can see the role of the state and public organizations as threefold: 1) as regulators and promotors, 2) as »leading by example« and 3) as supervisors. In the paper we explore all three roles, with special emphasis on the identified problematic areas. Some practical implications are shown on the example of Slovenia.
 
Key words: social responsibility, CSR, the state, public sector, Slovenia
 
The author is an assistant at the School of Business and Management Novo mesto, Slovenia and holds a BA in Law.

Cite this article:
Modic Dolores. Corporate social responsibility and the role of the State. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.1, no.3:7-42, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2008-no3-art01

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2008-no3-art01

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2008-no3-art01.pdf

 
PATTERNS OF POLITICAL PARTICIPATION IN EUROPE. Print E-mail

Matej Makarovič

Abstract
It is questionable to which extend one can generalise the trends in participation such as the decline of the classical forms of political participation and/or the rise of the new ones, since there may be significant differences between various participation patterns in European democracies, not only between the old and the new ones but also within both categories. Application of the hierarchical cluster analysis – using the voting turnouts and other statistics, the survey data on the relevant behaviour and attitudes - enables one to distinguish between the following patterns of participation
in Europe:
1) The western pattern characterised by medium levels of all types of socio-political participation
2) The northern active democracies characterised by intensive social and political participation of all types 3) The passive democracies with relative lack of all types of active
participation. Though some common European trends may be identified, especially in the long run, the extends to which these trends have taken place, vary considerably. Significant differences remain even in the long run and under the seemingly similar European/global conditions. Consequently the convergence hypothesis may only be confirmed to a very limited extend and with great caution.
 
Key words: political participation, democracy, Europe, convergence
 
Matej Makarovič is assistant professor of sociology at the Faculty of Applied Social Studies, Nova Gorica, Slovenia.
He can be reached at This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
 

Cite this article:
Makarovič Matej. Patterns of Political Participation in Europe. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.1, no.3:43-62, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2008-no3-art02

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2008-no3-art02

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2008-no3-art02.pdf

 
A MULTIDIMENSIONAL APPROACH TO CONFLICT ANALYSIS: THE RUSSO-CHECHEN CONFLICT Print E-mail

Ali Askerov 

Abstract
This paper describes the ethnopolitical conflict between Russia and Chechnya, and explores the causes of the war and violence between these two nations that started in the early 1800s and continues today. The accurate analysis of conflict is important for a number of reasons, but above all, because without its accurate diagnosis, suggestions for successful resolution would practically be impossible. The Russo-Chechen conflict is one of the most long-lasting ethnopolitical conflicts in the world. Its over two hundred years of history is replete with violence and atrocities that escalated and deescalated this conflict from time to time. Many books and articles are written about this conflict to explain its origins and causes relating to one or more of the factors of nationalism, religion, interests, and geopolitics. This paper, however, employs a multidimensional approach to its analysis by employing a number of theories of conflict and violence without specifying priority to any causal factors as it is impossible to weigh the causative factors to identify the hierarchical interrelationship among them. This paper argues that a multidimensional and multilevel approach to conflict analysis is needed to understand root causes of complex conflict correctly that is important for making effective policies of conflict resolution. 
 
Key words: conflict, theory, analysis, Russia, Chechnya
 
Ali Askerov teaches conflict resolution at University of Winnipeg.
 
Cite this article:
Askerov Ali . A Multidimensional Approach to Conflict Analysis: The Russo-Chechen Conflict . Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.1, no.3:63-83, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2008-no3-art03

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2008-no3-art03

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2008-no3-art03.pdf
 
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