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Issues in 2009


ANTITRUST IN TIMES OF FINANCIAL CRISIS Print E-mail

Anna Piszcz

Abstract

The author attempts to answer the question of whether there is any role for antitrust policy and legislation to play in an era of financial crisis. The author analyses trends regarding concentration control, as well as enforcement of other antitrust rules in times of crisis. In this paper the author deals also with the question of what impact a chosen antitrust policy may have for future antitrust enforcement. Finally, the author attempts to forecast the consequences of a chosen antitrust policy.

Keywords: antitrust, crisis, competition, failing firm
 
Anna Piszcz, Ph. D., is a lecturer at the Department of Public Commercial Law at the University of Bialystok, Poland.
 
Cite this article:
Piszcz Anna. Antitrust in times of financial crisis. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.2, no.3:5-16, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2009-no3-art01

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2009-no3-art01

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2009-no3-art01.pdf
 
TOWARDS THE CONCEPT OF A STRATEGY OF SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT Print E-mail

Borut Rončević 

Absstract
Strategic processes are social processes. They are eventuating in a special field between individual and collective actors and the emergent social structures. The analysis must therefore take both micro and macro level into account. Social dimensions of these processes can be explained by the “social becoming” approach to analysis of social reality. Within this approach strategy is located on the level of agency, between individuality and totality. This is the reason for “path-dependent” nature of strategic processes and of development, implying “choice within constraints” approach. Strategic actors have freedom of strategic choice, but this choice is constrained by the social structures and culture. However, strategic steering is only a potentiality. Whether it will transform to actuality depends on a number of socio-cultural factors. One important factor in this respect is social capital. It is performing two roles. First, it enables cooperation that is needed for successful strategic steering. It enables formation of multi-functional alliances in the from of business clusters and developmental coalitions. They are the prerequisite for intensive processes of social learning and search for complementarity on the basis of divergent interests. This increases adaptability of modern societies. Hence, social capital is and important policy resource and policies designed to promote social capital can be an important segment of developmental performance.
 
Key words: strategic steering, social processes, strategy, social becoming, path-dependency
 
Borut Rončević is director of University and Research Centre Novo mesto and associate professor at the Faculty of Applied Social Studies in Nova Gorica, Slovenia.

Cite this article:
Rončević Borut. Towards the concept of a strategy of social development. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.2, no.3:17-36, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2009-no3-art02

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2009-no3-art02

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2009-no3-art02.pdf

 
INTEGRATION OF VARIOUS QUALITY CONTROL MODELS IN ORGANIZATION Print E-mail

Boris Bukovec

Abstract 
Changes and effecting change are becoming a constant. The dynamics of change are increasing dramatically; new knowledge is emerging, new technologies pose new challenges, new methods of communicating offer almost unlimited possibilities of synergistic effects. But primarily, the new culture of innovativeness is such a culture that, in the desire for a higher quality of living, constantly generates the requirement which must surpass itself.
The article presents modern approaches and models which are used by organizational systems to improve their business success (ISO 9001 Standard, EFMQ Excellence Model, 20 Keys, BSC (Balanced Scorecard), Six Sigma, BPR (Business Process Reengineering)), the examples of different organizations show practical findings of the research and usage of these approaches in Slovenia. The article continues with their basic structure, it also compares relativity of models, it searches coincidences of their fundamentals and recognises their common paradigm backdrop.
 
Key words: quality, models, management, organization system, change
 
PhD. Boris Bukovec is dean and assistant professor at Faculty of Organization Studies, Novo mesto

Cite this article:
Bukovec Boris. Integration of various quality control models in organization. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.2, no.3:37-57, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2009-no3-art03

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2009-no3-art03

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2009-no3-art03.pdf

 
PARLIAMENTARY NETWORKING AS AN INSTRUMENT OF CAPACITY BUILDING: INSIGHTS FROM EAST AFRICA Print E-mail

Severine M. Rugumamu

Abstract
This study investigates the effectiveness of parliamentary networks in East Africa as a tool for capacity building. Given the circumstances prevailing in most African parliaments, there is growing consensus supporting the view that networks are one of the key capacity building instruments on the continent. To the extent that there are no dedicated formal colleges to train parliamentarians and parliamentary staff for their multiple functions, networking with sister institutions does serve as one critical mechanism for exchanging and sharing information, knowledge and internationally-acknowledged best practices in order to enhance institutional and individual capacities.
 
Key words: parliament, institutions,networking, capacity building, governance.
 
Ph.D. Severine M. Rugumamu is professor at University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

Cite this article:
Rugumamu Severine M. . Parliamentary networking as an instrument of capacity building: insights from East Africa. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.2, no.2:5-26, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2009-no2-art01

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2009-no2-art01

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2009-no2-art01.pdf

 
TWO NEW SOLUTIONS FOR SEN’S IMPOSSIBILITY OF A PARETIAN LIBERTARIAN Print E-mail

Mihai Daniel Ungureanu 

Abstract:
This article is about Sen’s impossibility of a paretian libertarian theorem. First, I make some preliminary considerations and I give the standard social choice definitions. Second, I briefly present Sen’s result. Third I review nine of the solutions given for Sen’s problem: three restrictions of the weak Pareto condition, three restrictions of the libertarian condition and three restrictions of the universal domain. Fourth I introduce the ideological fidelity as an acceptability criterion for any solution of Sen’s inconsistency result. I use this criterion for rejecting all restrictions of the libertarian and universal domain conditions. Fifth, I present two new solutions which satisfy ideological fidelity. These two solutions consist in restraining the paretian condition’s domain only to those individual preferences which are a) minimal-rational libertarian or b) single-peaked on x-aspects (a concept introduced in this paper).
 
Key words: social decision function, libertarian paradox, ideological fidelity, efficacity for real societies, minimal-rational libertarian preferences, single peaked preferences.

For comments I would like to thank Professor Adrian Miroiu.

Mihai Daniel Ungureanu is PhD. Candidate at the Faculty of Political Science, National School of Political and Administrative Studies, Bucharest, Romania.

Cite this article:
Ungureanu Mihai Daniel. Two new solutions for Sen’s impossibility of a paretian libertarian. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.2, no.2:27-47, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2009-no2-art02

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2009-no2-art02

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2009-no2-art02.pdf

 
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