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Issues in 2013


TO FEAR OR NOT TO FEAR ON CYBERCRIME Print E-mail

Igor Bernik , Bojan Dobovšek , Blaž Markelj

Abstract

To understand cybercrime and its various forms, one must be familiar with criminality in general. How individuals perceive crime, and how much they fear it is further influenced by news media (Crawford, 2007). Van Duyne (2009), who monitored criminality, wrote about changes which started to be noticed twenty years ago and have shaped a new Europe, a territory without inner borders, and so with more mobility and opportunities for the Europeans. But these novelties and changes in the way we work have also caused certain new problems. It can be said that perpetrators of crimes, who are no longer hindered by state borders, now know no geographical limitations. Vander Baken and Van Daele (2009), for example, have researched mobility in connection to transnational criminality. Von Lampe (2007) has established that perpetrators no longer act individually, but frequently work in cooperation with one another. Crime and mobility are being “greased” by money, and have become a part of everyday life (Van Duyne, 2009). An individual’s perception and understanding of criminality is also biased on certain cultural myths in regard to crime (Meško and Eman, 2009).

Keywords: Cybercrime, Perception, Fear, Threats, Opinion

Igor Bernik, Ph.D. is an Assistant Professor at the Faculty of Criminal justice and Security and Vice Dean for Academic Affairs (igor.bernik (at) fvv.uni-mb.si)
Bojan Dobovšek, Ph.D. is an Associate Professor at the Faculty of Criminal justice and Security and Vice Dean for Research (bojan.dobovsek (at) fvv.uni-mb.si)
Blaž Markelj is a Lecturer at the Faculty of Criminal justice and Security (blaz.markelj (at) fvv.uni-mb.si)

Cite this article:
Bernik Igor, Dobovšek Bojan, Markelj Blaž. TO FEAR OR NOT TO FEAR ON CYBERCRIME. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.3:7-17, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art01

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art01

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2013-no3-art01.pdf

 
BARRIERS IN MULTICULTURAL BUSINESS COMMUNICATION: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY OF SLOVENIA AND BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA Print E-mail

Ana Barić, Dejan Jelovac, Nuša Fain

Abstract

Companies that work in multicultural environments face several challenges in their everyday business life. In this article we focus on the communication aspect of working in multicultural business environments. We test the hypothesis that companies that work in multicultural environments are subject to communication barriers due to different cultural backgrounds of people that engage in these types of communication. We test the hypothesis through a case study of two companies, one from Bosnia and Herzegovina and one from Slovenia, that engage in mutual multicultural communication. Through an in-depth interview with the project manager who takes part in this communication every day and a survey with the employees, we identify and analyse the communication barriers that the employees perceive as relevant to their business processes. We overcome these barriers through the application of the fruitful intercultural business communication model. The main contribution of this work lies in demonstrating the applicability of this model to practical cases and the demonstration of the fact that cultural barriers can exist and inhibit successful business even in environments in close sociocultural and geographic proximity.

Keywords: intercultural communication, business culture, barriers, case study

Ana Barić is M.A. in Social Sciences; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Prof. Dr. Dejan Jelovac is a Full Professor of Organisational Sciences and Business Ethics at Faculty of Media and Catholic Institute - Faculty of Business Studies, Ljubljana; School of Advanced Social Studies, Nova Gorica; Faculty of Information Studies in Novo mesto; Slovenia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Nuša Fain, University of Strathclyde, Strathclyde Business School, Glasgow, UK; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Cite this article:
Barić Ana, Jelovac Dejan, Fain Nuša. BARRIERS IN MULTICULTURAL BUSINESS COMMUNICATION: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY OF SLOVENIA AND BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.3:18-37, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art02

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art02

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2013-no3-art02.pdf

 

 
EU MEMBER STATES AND FISCAL DECENTRALIZATION– EMPIRICAL COMPARISON Print E-mail

Žan Oplotnik, Mateja Finžgar

Abstract

The purpose of an article is to compare systems of fiscal decentralization in EU member states according to selected quantitative criteria and European Charter of Local Self-Government principles. The results show that a higher number of lower levels of government usually indicate a greater share of local finance within the total public finance, however, this finding does not confirm the inverse link. Even though the structure of expenditures in EU countries is similar, the shares of funds for the implementation of individual tasks differ significantly. On average, the countries allocate most funds to education, social security, healthcare, administration and political systems, with only a quarter of the countries recording the same or higher amounts of revenues than expenditures. Most of the countries still cover the existing deficit either through transfers from the central to lower levels of government or through equalization schemes or borrowing, which otherwise represents a departure from one of the basic principles of the Charter, which stipulates that financial resources must be commensurate with the responsibilities of local self-government.

Keywords: fiscal decentralization, international comparison, EU-27,  local financing, local self-government, local expenditures

Correspondence address: Žan Oplotnik, Ph.D., associate professor of finance and international economics at the Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Maribor, Razlagova 14, SI-2000 Maribor, Slovenia, email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Correspondence address: Mateja Finžgar, Ph.D. student at the University of Maribor, Faculty of Economics and Business, Razlagova 14, SI-2000 Maribor, Slovenia, email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Cite this article:
Oplotnik Žan, Finžgar Mateja. EU MEMBER STATES AND FISCAL DECENTRALIZATION– EMPIRICAL COMPARISON. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.3:38-64, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art03

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art03

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2013-no3-art03.pdf

 
ANALYSES OF FAMILY OWNED ENTERPRISE’S CONTINUITY (CASE STUDY OF FOUR FAMILY OWNED ENTERPRISE IN JAKARTA) Print E-mail

Anita Maharani,Arya Hadi Dharmawan, Eriyatno Iin Mayasar

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to examine the roles that have an influence on the Family-Owned Enterprise (FOE) succession. This issue is raised because of the transition phenomena that occur between generations of the FOE, is interesting to study. Transition within the meaning of the Family Owned Enterprise is business continuity between generations. Gender aspects, was appointed as one of the problems in this study because gender is related to the sustainability of the Family-Owned Enterprise, among others because of aspects of the approach. Aspects of leadership became one of the problems in this research because it has relevance to the sustainability of the Family-Owned Enterprise, among others because of aspects of decision making. The aspects of entrepreneurship was appointed as one of the problems (because they have a relationship with the Family-Owned Enterprise continuity, partly because aspects of entrepreneurial orientation). This research will focus on all three roles at the level of Small and Medium Enterprises and Medium Enterprises. Literatures used in this study includes: Unified System, Sustainable Family, Dynamics Triangular. This research method is qualitative, and the approach is inductive-deductive. Information in this research will be conducted in four companies, namely small and medium enterprises and medium enterprises engaged in rice distribution.

Keywords: succession, roles, leadership, gender, entrepreneurship, family owned enterprise, continuity

Anita Maharani - Program Studi Manajemen, Universitas Paramadina, Jakarta;

Arya Hadi Dharmawan - Departemen FEMA, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor

Eriyatno Iin Mayasari - Program Studi Manajemen, Universitas Paramadina, Jakarta, PSP3, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor

Cite this article:
Maharani Anita, Dharmawan Arya Hadi, Mayasari Eriyatno Iin. ANALYSES OF FAMILY OWNED ENTERPRISE’S CONTINUITY (CASE STUDY OF FOUR FAMILY OWNED ENTERPRISE IN JAKARTA). Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.3:65-74, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art04

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art04

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2013-no3-art04.pdf

 
PARTNERSHIP WITH PARENTS AND PRACTICAL MODEL OF GROUP WORK WITH PARENTS OF CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS WITH EMOTIONAL, BEHAVIOURAL AND SOCIAL DIFFICULTIES/DISORDERS Print E-mail

Tomaž Vec

Abstract

The results of increasing number of studies show the importance of cooperation between parents and school. However, in practice such cooperation in general does not provide information about an individual child due to insufficient knowledge of those institutions as regards establishing cooperative relationship. The issue is in particular emphasised by parents of children with emotional, behavioural and social problems/disorders. These parents are due to lack of motivation and dysfunction recognisable as “heavy partners” of the cooperation. Firstly, the paper presents the benefits and obstacles in partnership with parents in general. In the following basic elements of establishing a quality partnership with parents of children with emotional, behavioural and social problems/disorders are underlined. Finally, as a special kind of work a model of group work with these parents as only one possible form of a good work with them is presented.

Keywords: parents and school partnership, involvement, emotional, behavioural and social difficulties/disorders, group work

Ph.D. Tomaž Vec, spec. psych. coun. is an assistant professor and researcher at the University of Ljubljana (Faculty of Education), email: tomaz.vec(at)pef.uni-lj.si

Cite this article:
Vec Tomaž. PARTNERSHIP WITH PARENTS AND PRACTICAL MODEL OF GROUP WORK WITH PARENTS OF CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS WITH EMOTIONAL, BEHAVIOURAL AND SOCIAL DIFFICULTIES/DISORDERS. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.3:75-91, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art05

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art05

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2013-no3-art05.pdf

 
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