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ETHNIC MINORITIES AND POLITICAL PARTICIPATION: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF POST-YUGOSLAV COUNTRIES Print E-mail

Marina Tavčar Krajnc, Sergej Flere Andrej Kirbiš

Abstract
Understanding patterns of political participation of ethnic minorities is crucial for their integration within postcommunist European countries most of which are ethnically complex and with histories of conflicts. Past research on the relationship between political participation and ethnicity in the democracies has given mixed results and there seems to be a research gap in the literature regarding the patterns of political participation of minorities in postcommunist states. The present study examined differences on two measures of political participation in a representative sample of post-Yugoslav citizens. Employed data source was the South-East European Social Survey Project (SEESSP), fielded in 2003 and 2004. The SEESSP covered six former Yugoslav entities (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, FYR Macedonia, Kosovo, Montenegro, and Serbia). Results indicated that ethnic minorities had lower levels of electoral participation in four out of six analysed political entities, and had lower levels of party membership in three countries. In addition, a significant voter turnout gap existed among different minorities within individual countries. Finally, no major differences in motives behind political participation were found when comparing the association between authoritarian attitudes and political participation within majority and minority groups. Implications of the results are discussed.
 

Key words: political participation, ethnic minorities, Post-Yugoslav societies, democratization, cross-national studies.

Marina Tavčar Krajnc, Ph.D., is an Assistant Professor at the Department of Sociology, Faculty of Arts, University of Maribor, Slovenia (marina.tavcar (at) uni-mb.si)

Sergej Flere, Ph.D., is a Professor at the Department of Sociology, Faculty of Arts, University of Maribor, Slovenia; and the president of Center for the Study of post-Yugoslav societies CEPYUS (sergej.flere (at) uni-mb.si)

Andrej Kirbiš, Ph.D., is an Assistant at the Department of Sociology, Faculty of Arts, University of Maribor, Slovenia (andrej.kirbis (at) uni-mb.si)

Cite this article:
Tavčar Krajnc Marina, Flere, Sergej, Kirbiš Andrej. ETHNIC MINORITIES AND POLITICAL PARTICIPATION: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF POST-YUGOSLAV COUNTRIES. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.5, no.1:6-23, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2012-no1-art01

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2012-no1-art01

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2012-no1-art01.pdf

 

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