Fade
Fade
Fade
Fade

Get IIASS info in your mailbox (6 / year)

Your name:

E-mail address:

TO FEAR OR NOT TO FEAR ON CYBERCRIME Print E-mail

Igor Bernik , Bojan Dobovšek , Blaž Markelj

Abstract

To understand cybercrime and its various forms, one must be familiar with criminality in general. How individuals perceive crime, and how much they fear it is further influenced by news media (Crawford, 2007). Van Duyne (2009), who monitored criminality, wrote about changes which started to be noticed twenty years ago and have shaped a new Europe, a territory without inner borders, and so with more mobility and opportunities for the Europeans. But these novelties and changes in the way we work have also caused certain new problems. It can be said that perpetrators of crimes, who are no longer hindered by state borders, now know no geographical limitations. Vander Baken and Van Daele (2009), for example, have researched mobility in connection to transnational criminality. Von Lampe (2007) has established that perpetrators no longer act individually, but frequently work in cooperation with one another. Crime and mobility are being “greased” by money, and have become a part of everyday life (Van Duyne, 2009). An individual’s perception and understanding of criminality is also biased on certain cultural myths in regard to crime (Meško and Eman, 2009).

Keywords: Cybercrime, Perception, Fear, Threats, Opinion

Igor Bernik, Ph.D. is an Assistant Professor at the Faculty of Criminal justice and Security and Vice Dean for Academic Affairs (igor.bernik (at) fvv.uni-mb.si)
Bojan Dobovšek, Ph.D. is an Associate Professor at the Faculty of Criminal justice and Security and Vice Dean for Research (bojan.dobovsek (at) fvv.uni-mb.si)
Blaž Markelj is a Lecturer at the Faculty of Criminal justice and Security (blaz.markelj (at) fvv.uni-mb.si)

Cite this article:
Bernik Igor, Dobovšek Bojan, Markelj Blaž. TO FEAR OR NOT TO FEAR ON CYBERCRIME. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.3:7-17, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art01

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art01

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2013-no3-art01.pdf

 
BARRIERS IN MULTICULTURAL BUSINESS COMMUNICATION: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY OF SLOVENIA AND BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA Print E-mail

Ana Barić, Dejan Jelovac, Nuša Fain

Abstract

Companies that work in multicultural environments face several challenges in their everyday business life. In this article we focus on the communication aspect of working in multicultural business environments. We test the hypothesis that companies that work in multicultural environments are subject to communication barriers due to different cultural backgrounds of people that engage in these types of communication. We test the hypothesis through a case study of two companies, one from Bosnia and Herzegovina and one from Slovenia, that engage in mutual multicultural communication. Through an in-depth interview with the project manager who takes part in this communication every day and a survey with the employees, we identify and analyse the communication barriers that the employees perceive as relevant to their business processes. We overcome these barriers through the application of the fruitful intercultural business communication model. The main contribution of this work lies in demonstrating the applicability of this model to practical cases and the demonstration of the fact that cultural barriers can exist and inhibit successful business even in environments in close sociocultural and geographic proximity.

Keywords: intercultural communication, business culture, barriers, case study

Ana Barić is M.A. in Social Sciences; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Prof. Dr. Dejan Jelovac is a Full Professor of Organisational Sciences and Business Ethics at Faculty of Media and Catholic Institute - Faculty of Business Studies, Ljubljana; School of Advanced Social Studies, Nova Gorica; Faculty of Information Studies in Novo mesto; Slovenia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Nuša Fain, University of Strathclyde, Strathclyde Business School, Glasgow, UK; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Cite this article:
Barić Ana, Jelovac Dejan, Fain Nuša. BARRIERS IN MULTICULTURAL BUSINESS COMMUNICATION: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY OF SLOVENIA AND BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.3:18-37, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art02

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art02

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2013-no3-art02.pdf

 

 
EU MEMBER STATES AND FISCAL DECENTRALIZATION– EMPIRICAL COMPARISON Print E-mail

Žan Oplotnik, Mateja Finžgar

Abstract

The purpose of an article is to compare systems of fiscal decentralization in EU member states according to selected quantitative criteria and European Charter of Local Self-Government principles. The results show that a higher number of lower levels of government usually indicate a greater share of local finance within the total public finance, however, this finding does not confirm the inverse link. Even though the structure of expenditures in EU countries is similar, the shares of funds for the implementation of individual tasks differ significantly. On average, the countries allocate most funds to education, social security, healthcare, administration and political systems, with only a quarter of the countries recording the same or higher amounts of revenues than expenditures. Most of the countries still cover the existing deficit either through transfers from the central to lower levels of government or through equalization schemes or borrowing, which otherwise represents a departure from one of the basic principles of the Charter, which stipulates that financial resources must be commensurate with the responsibilities of local self-government.

Keywords: fiscal decentralization, international comparison, EU-27,  local financing, local self-government, local expenditures

Correspondence address: Žan Oplotnik, Ph.D., associate professor of finance and international economics at the Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Maribor, Razlagova 14, SI-2000 Maribor, Slovenia, email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Correspondence address: Mateja Finžgar, Ph.D. student at the University of Maribor, Faculty of Economics and Business, Razlagova 14, SI-2000 Maribor, Slovenia, email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Cite this article:
Oplotnik Žan, Finžgar Mateja. EU MEMBER STATES AND FISCAL DECENTRALIZATION– EMPIRICAL COMPARISON. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.3:38-64, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art03

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art03

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2013-no3-art03.pdf

 
ANALYSES OF FAMILY OWNED ENTERPRISE’S CONTINUITY (CASE STUDY OF FOUR FAMILY OWNED ENTERPRISE IN JAKARTA) Print E-mail

Anita Maharani,Arya Hadi Dharmawan, Eriyatno Iin Mayasar

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to examine the roles that have an influence on the Family-Owned Enterprise (FOE) succession. This issue is raised because of the transition phenomena that occur between generations of the FOE, is interesting to study. Transition within the meaning of the Family Owned Enterprise is business continuity between generations. Gender aspects, was appointed as one of the problems in this study because gender is related to the sustainability of the Family-Owned Enterprise, among others because of aspects of the approach. Aspects of leadership became one of the problems in this research because it has relevance to the sustainability of the Family-Owned Enterprise, among others because of aspects of decision making. The aspects of entrepreneurship was appointed as one of the problems (because they have a relationship with the Family-Owned Enterprise continuity, partly because aspects of entrepreneurial orientation). This research will focus on all three roles at the level of Small and Medium Enterprises and Medium Enterprises. Literatures used in this study includes: Unified System, Sustainable Family, Dynamics Triangular. This research method is qualitative, and the approach is inductive-deductive. Information in this research will be conducted in four companies, namely small and medium enterprises and medium enterprises engaged in rice distribution.

Keywords: succession, roles, leadership, gender, entrepreneurship, family owned enterprise, continuity

Anita Maharani - Program Studi Manajemen, Universitas Paramadina, Jakarta;

Arya Hadi Dharmawan - Departemen FEMA, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor

Eriyatno Iin Mayasari - Program Studi Manajemen, Universitas Paramadina, Jakarta, PSP3, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor

Cite this article:
Maharani Anita, Dharmawan Arya Hadi, Mayasari Eriyatno Iin. ANALYSES OF FAMILY OWNED ENTERPRISE’S CONTINUITY (CASE STUDY OF FOUR FAMILY OWNED ENTERPRISE IN JAKARTA). Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.3:65-74, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art04

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art04

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2013-no3-art04.pdf

 
PARTNERSHIP WITH PARENTS AND PRACTICAL MODEL OF GROUP WORK WITH PARENTS OF CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS WITH EMOTIONAL, BEHAVIOURAL AND SOCIAL DIFFICULTIES/DISORDERS Print E-mail

Tomaž Vec

Abstract

The results of increasing number of studies show the importance of cooperation between parents and school. However, in practice such cooperation in general does not provide information about an individual child due to insufficient knowledge of those institutions as regards establishing cooperative relationship. The issue is in particular emphasised by parents of children with emotional, behavioural and social problems/disorders. These parents are due to lack of motivation and dysfunction recognisable as “heavy partners” of the cooperation. Firstly, the paper presents the benefits and obstacles in partnership with parents in general. In the following basic elements of establishing a quality partnership with parents of children with emotional, behavioural and social problems/disorders are underlined. Finally, as a special kind of work a model of group work with these parents as only one possible form of a good work with them is presented.

Keywords: parents and school partnership, involvement, emotional, behavioural and social difficulties/disorders, group work

Ph.D. Tomaž Vec, spec. psych. coun. is an assistant professor and researcher at the University of Ljubljana (Faculty of Education), email: tomaz.vec(at)pef.uni-lj.si

Cite this article:
Vec Tomaž. PARTNERSHIP WITH PARENTS AND PRACTICAL MODEL OF GROUP WORK WITH PARENTS OF CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS WITH EMOTIONAL, BEHAVIOURAL AND SOCIAL DIFFICULTIES/DISORDERS. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.3:75-91, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art05

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art05

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2013-no3-art05.pdf

 
PREFERENCE FOR VISUAL MOTIFS IN FIRST GRADES OF PRIMARY SCHOOL Print E-mail

Matjaž Duh, Jerneja Herzog, Špela Ros

Abstract

A visual motif is an important component of an art project and is the thing initially detected in the visual art. A suitable introduction into visual motifs is provided by art education classes. A teacher can enable a successful execution of an art project to a pupil, only with a detailed introduction into visual motifs. These are not defined with the curriculum; instead, they are freely chosen by the teacher himself. The motifs should be more unusual, out of the ordinary, colourful and original. With the right approach and the selection of artworks, the teacher can develop artistic creativity in his pupils. At the same time, pupils can develop the ability for observation, critical analysis and evaluation of visual art.

In this article, a study is presented, whose purpose was to examine the preferences for visual motifs by gender and stratum of pupils on 4th level of primary school. The findings show the differences are more commonly reflected through gender, and less through stratum from which the pupils originate.

Keywords: visual art, preference for visual motifs, primary school, 10 years old pupils

Ph.D. Matjaž Duh is Associate professor at the University of Maribor, Faculty of Education, Koroška 160, 2000 Maribor, Slovenia. This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Jerneja Herzog, prof. art. edu. is Assistant at the University of Maribor, Faculty of Education, Koroška 160, 2000 Maribor, Slovenia. This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Špela Ros, prof. is a external expert of the University of Maribor, Faculty of Education, Koroška 160, 2000 Maribor, Slovenia. This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Cite this article:
Duh Matjaž, Herzog Jerneja, Ros Špela. PREFERENCE FOR VISUAL MOTIFS IN FIRST GRADES OF PRIMARY SCHOOL. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.3:92-116, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art06

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art06

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2013-no3-art06.pdf

 
RALPH DAHRENDORF’S CONFLICT THEORY OF SOCIAL DIFFERENTIATION AND ELITE THEORY Print E-mail

Jacek Tittenbrun

Abstract

Dahrendorf’s conception of social differentiation poses some interesting theoretical problems inasmuch as it, owing to its putative associations with Marx’s framework, is regarded as a class theory, but in fact displays also some salient characteristics of stratification approaches, while lacking some core characteristics of class theory. Upon scrutiny, however, it turns out that it is most closely related to the framework of elite theory. This is revealed when Dahrendorf’s treatment of social differentiation is compared with some approaches representative of the aforementioned theory.

Keywords: conflict theory, class, social stratification, class theory, elite theory, Mosca, Pareto

Jacek Tittenbrun, Ordinary Professor, Chair of History of Sociology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznan

Cite this article:
Tittenbrun Jacek. RALPH DAHRENDORF’S CONFLICT THEORY OF SOCIAL DIFFERENTIATION AND ELITE THEORY. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.3:117-140, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art07

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art07

 
POSSIBILITIES FOR INNOVATIVE SCIENTIFIC APPROACH: INFORMATION VISUALIZATION AND EXPERIMENT IN INTELLIGENCE RESEARCH Print E-mail

Dejan Ulcej, Uroš Svete

Abstract

In addition to universal social changes, the information revolution also brought a lot of innovation to the workings of intelligence services, which are traditionally the part of the national security system that is conducting data analyses and for which information is the primary product. If in the past the main problem and challenge has been the timely acquisition of data, today most agencies are faced with an entirely different problem - information overload. This problem is being tackled by technical as well as systemic measures that combine various types of intelligence work. However, there are still unanswered questions regarding the applicability of intelligence products for decision makers. Here we have to point out information visualization as the subject of an interdisciplinary scientific research that definitely shows a lot of potential in the context of the defense science as well. This article points out three key requirements that allow the application of information visualization to defense research: (1) the concept of the intelligence cycle can be used as a good basis for the information that is subject to visualization; (2) the quality of decision-making support information depends on proper visualization; (3) the first two requirements offer a stable theoretical and empirical basis for the introduction of innovative scientific methods in the field of defense science, such as experiments.

Keywords: intelligence, information quality, information visualization, experiment

Dejan Ulcej is a Ph.D. candidate and post-graduate student at University of Ljubljana.

Dr. Uroš Svete is an assistant professor at Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Ljubljana.

Cite this article:
Ulcej Dejan, Svete Uroš. POSSIBILITIES FOR INNOVATIVE SCIENTIFIC APPROACH: INFORMATION VISUALIZATION AND EXPERIMENT IN INTELLIGENCE RESEARCH. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.3:141-160, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art08

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art08

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2013-no3-art08.pdf

 

 
CHALLENGES OF AGING LABOR FORCE IN AN ORGANIZATION Print E-mail

Marjan Petrišič, Milan Ambrož

Abstract

This paper examines the impacts of the changes of the composition of the ageing labor force on the skills and knowledge transfer in an organization. The changing individual needs of older individuals are creating powerful, labor dynamic incentives. For the management organizations from private and public sector, this is an organizational challenge linked to cultural transformation on the level of organization. The results of the study show that the manager and non-manager respondents have the unique aspect of the role of senior employees in some small Slovenian organizations. Managers in the sample based on their managerial experience, see the older workers in an organization primarily as transformers of jobs to younger employees, which should be courteous and efficient and should help the organization competitiveness. Non – managers’ respondents give priority to employment and retirement strategy for senior employees and maintain a positive view of older employees’ motives and productivity. Further, non – managers point to the need to keep older workers with unique skills and competences in an organization. We conclude that organizations will meet the challenge of ageing labor force in the near future. They will have to start the organizational culture, which will promote business change and continuous flow of skills and competences through inter-generation model.

Keywords: senior employees, ageing, stereotypes, organizational culture, strategy, competences, transformation

Marjan Petrišič is a doctoral student at ECM Contact address: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Milan Ambrož is an Associate Professor at B & B College of logistics studies Kranj, Slovenia Contact address: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Cite this article:
Petrišič Marjan, Ambrož Milan. CHALLENGES OF AGING LABOR FORCE IN AN ORGANIZATION. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.3:161-180, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art09

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art09

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2013-no3-art09.pdf

 
IDENTIFYING AND CHANGING STEREOTYPES BETWEEN ROMA AND NON-ROMA: FROM THEORY TO PRACTICE Print E-mail

Gregor Maučec

Abstract

Having shortly delineated and theoretically defined the concept of stereotypes (as collective social constructs) and stereotyping as such, the author turns to much more complex issue as to how to identify and change stereotypes about Roma, which are deeply rooted in mainstream European societies where they live and also those stereotypes that are nurtured and strictly followed by the Roma and which relate to non-Roma. The author arrives at a conclusion that today one can note several factors and conditions in European countries which still nurture and further reinforce especially anti-Roma stereotypes. According to him, the specific and carefully elaborated stereotypes-oriented policies and strategies which favour mutual education, knowledge and understanding as well as ongoing contact and dialogue between the two different ethnic, social and cultural identities at both EU and member states levels are conditio sine qua non for the enhanced and overall Roma inclusion and integration.

Keywords: stereotypes, stereotyping, collective social representations, Roma - non-Roma relationships

Dr. Gregor Maučec is a JSPS postdoctoral fellow at the Faculty of Law, University of Kyoto, Japan ( This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it )

Cite this article:
Maučec Gregor. IDENTIFYING AND CHANGING STEREOTYPES BETWEEN ROMA AND NON-ROMA: FROM THEORY TO PRACTICE. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.3:181-202, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art10

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art10

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2013-no3-art10.pdf

 
SHOULD WE BE CONSERED ABOUT CHILDREN USE OF INTERNET? – PILOT STUDY Print E-mail

Janez Mekinc ,Tarik Smailbegović , Aldijana Kokić

Abstract

Addiction of internet and problematic internet use is a growing problem in Bosnian scholars. There are many risk factors for addiction and problematic use of Internet found at school and at home. The purpose of this study is to examine scholar's habits and experiences while using the internet and to identify the most common dangers to which children are exposed during a web search. The main risks to which children are exposed while using the internet are: sexual or violent content, direct communication with persons seeking inappropriate relationships, exposure to disturbing, hostile or inappropriate messages, and the isolation of the child due to too frequent and prolonged use of the internet. The study was conducted on a sample of 1,941 scholars from fifth to eight grades in Sarajevo. Problematic use of internet is common among scholars in Sarajevo. Serious risk factors are found at home and at school. The results show that scholars of different ages differ in terms of their use of the internet, owning a Facebook profile, frequency and purposes of internet use, as well as releasing personal information on the internet, confronting pornographic content and internet addiction. Researchers did not find a statistically significant difference between scholars of different ages in experiencing violence on the internet. According to the search results, children whose parents did not pay enough attention to the activities of their children on the internet are more frequently confronted with pornographic content and are more likely to experience violence on the internet and show more signs of internet addiction. Effective measures are needed to prevent the spread of this problem.

Keywords: Internet, Scholars, Addiction, PIU (Problematic Internet Use), Facebook

Ph.D. Janez Mekinc is an assistant professor and researcher at the University of Primorska, Slovenia
Tarik Smailbegović is an researsher at the KJU ''Family advisory center« Sarajevo, Bosna and Hercegovina
Aldijana Kokić is an researsher at the KJU ''Family advisory center« Sarajevo, Bosna and Hercegovina

Cite this article:
Mekinc Janez, Smailbegović Tarik,, Kokić Aldijana. SHOULD WE BE CONSERED ABOUT CHILDREN USE OF INTERNET? – PILOT STUDY. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.2:6-20, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no2-art01

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no2-art01

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2013-no2-art01.pdf

 
GENDER DIFFERENTIALS IN FACTORS AFFECTING PERFORMANCE OF SMALL-SCALE ENTERPRISES IN LAGOS STATE –NIGERIA Print E-mail

Yusuff Olabisi Sherifat

Abstract

There is a lack of empirical data segregation on factors affecting gender as the variable of interest. However, previous research had indicated several factors that affect business performances among small-scale enterprise owners. Using feminist theory and a descriptive survey research design, data were collected from fifty (50) small-scale enterprise owners that were purposively chosen across the study area. The findings show that the factors that were significant for female were significantly different from male. For female small scale enterprise owners, marital status (64%) Age of Children (68%), Role Model/ advisors (58%) were significant factors that affect their business performance. For male small-scale enterprise owners, Friends (70%), a lack of Government support (80%), inability to display innovativeness (78%) and Risk-Taking (84%) were significant for male. Lack of availability of capital and finances were significant for the two. Other factors that affect performance include friends, inadequate training and business location. Adequate knowledge of factors that affect gender enterprise performance will go a long way in alleviating these problems. Small-scale enterprises should be supported for poverty alleviation, especially among women and for the nation’s economic development

Keywords: Gender, Small-Scale Enterprises, Performance, Lagos State, Nigeria

Yusuff Olabisi Sherifat, department of Sociology, Lagos State University; email address: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Cite this article:
Sherifat Yusuff Olabisi. GENDER DIFFERENTIALS IN FACTORS AFFECTING PERFORMANCE OF SMALL-SCALE ENTERPRISES IN LAGOS STATE –NIGERIA. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.2:21-39, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no2-art02

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no2-art02

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2013-no2-art02.pdf

 
MOBILE DEVICES AND EFFECTIVE INFORMATION SECURITY Print E-mail

Blaž Markelj , Igor Bernik

Abstract
Rapidly increasing numbers of sophisticated mobile devices (smart phones, tab computers, etc.) all over the world mean that ensuring information security will only become a more pronounced problem for individuals and organizations. It’s important to effectively protect data stored on or accessed by mobile devices, and also during transmission of data between devices and between device and information system. Technological and other trends show, that the cyber threats are also rapidly developing and spreading. It's crucial to educate users about safe usage and to increase their awareness of security issues. Ideally, users should keep-up with technological trends and be well equipped with knowledge otherwise mobile technology will significantly increase security risks. Most important is that we start educating youth so that our next generations of employees will be part of a culture of data and information security awareness.

Keywords: information security, blended threats, mobile devices, awareness.

Blaž Markelj is an assistant at the Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security (blaz.markelj (at) fvv.uni-mb.si).
Ph.D. Igor Bernik is an Assistent Professor at the Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security and Vice Dean for Academic Affairs (igor.bernik (at) fvv.uni-mb.si).

Cite this article:
Markelj Blaž, Bernik Igor. MOBILE DEVICES AND EFFECTIVE INFORMATION SECURITY. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.2:40-52, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no2-art03

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no2-art03

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2013-no2-art03.pdf

 
THE INTEGRATION OF IMMIGRANT CHILDREN IN SLOVENIA: GOOD PRACTICES FROM PRIMARY SCHOOLS Print E-mail

Marijanca Ajša VIŽINTIN

Abstract

European society has always been and still is diverse in many aspects, including language, ethnicity, culture, religion and economics. We may thus speak of diversity both within individual countries and among countries – and also within school classrooms. Immigrant children who enrol in the Slovenian school system come to Slovenia primarily because of the family reunion. This paper sets out four examples of good practices (two urban and two rural schools), where various support systems were developed for the successful integration of immigrant children. The integration of immigrant children has been a success at those schools that are familiar with the possibilities under the law and European guidelines for integration of immigrant children, that seek a variety of ways to cooperate with parents, those schools where teachers take regular and additional training, develop their own intercultural competence and collaborate on a variety of projects. The results are even better if the school has support on the local level, and if intercultural competence is developed among all inhabitants.

Keywords: integration of immigrant children, intercultural competence, Slovenian as a second/foreign language, mother tongue and culture, active citizenship

PhD student, research assistant at the Slovenian Migration Institute at the Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts (SMI SRC SASA), Novi trg 2, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Cite this article:
Vižintin Marijanca Ajša. THE INTEGRATION OF IMMIGRANT CHILDREN IN SLOVENIA: GOOD PRACTICES FROM PRIMARY SCHOOLS. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.2:53-68, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no2-art04

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no2-art04

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2013-no2-art04.pdf

 
UNIFORMITY ASSUMPTIONS AND THE MUSGRAVE MÄKI-HINDRIKS DEBATE Print E-mail

Mihai Ungureanu

Abstract

In this paper I address the problem of the unrealisticness of assumptions in neoclassical economics . Being accused of using highly unrealistic assumptions in its models, neoclassical economics replied through what later was called the F-twist. Shortly stated, it was claimed that descriptively unrealistic assumptions are ubiquitous in other sciences also, and that economics should be concerned with its predictions instead of its assumptions. The immediate implication of this statement was that all unrealistic assumptions are the same – they are harmlessly unrealistic. Philosophers of economics vivaciously debated this claim and argued that economics made use of several kinds of assumptions which ”had better be true” . Building on this debate I introduce the notion of uniformity assumptions and I argue that in certain conditions they ”had better be true”.

Keywords: unrealistic assumptions, uniformity assumptions, neoclassical economics.

Ph.D. Mihai Ungureanu is lecturer at the National University of Political and Administrative Studies (NSPAS), Bucharest, Romania.

Cite this article:
Ungureanu Mihai . UNIFORMITY ASSUMPTIONS AND THE MUSGRAVE-MÄKI-HINDRIKS DEBATE. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.2:69-81, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no2-art05 

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no2-art05

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2013-no2-art05.pdf

 
TESTING CASC SCALE FOR MEASURING EMOTIONAL AND RATIONAL ADVERTISING AND MEDIA EFFECTS Print E-mail

Andrej Kovacic , Nevenka Podgornik

Abstract

Researching effects of media and advertising demands a search for a cost efficient, quick and verified method of testing the its emotional as well as rational effects on consumers. Thus a CASC (Communication Analytic and Syncretic Cognitions) scale was developed to meassure advertising effects and was selected for testing. In an extended research presented in this paper and based on 988 respondents evaluating 15 different ads we provided evidence that verify this scale on four different groups of ad motives. In addition we have tested individual ads and their complience with the suggested motives based on the theory and the four separate components (rational component, primary emotions, pro-social emotions and individualistic emotions). The findings confirm that CASC scale is able to detect differences between different motives and is thus an effective tool for measuring advertising effects.

Keywords: media, advertising, CASC scale, rational, emotional

Andrej Kovacic is a researcher at the Faculty for Media – Institute for Media Research. He is director of an advertising company CEOs and academic journal IIASS.

Nevenka Podgornik, Ph.D., Assistant Professor, Faculty of Advanced Social Studies Nova Gorica. Slovenia

Cite this article:
Kovacic Andrej, Podgornik   Nevenka. TESTING CASC SCALE FOR MEASURING EMOTIONAL AND RATIONAL ADVERTISING AND MEDIA EFFECTS. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.2:82-99, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no2-art06

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no2-art06

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2013-no2-art06.pdf

 
THE INFLUENCE OF MACEDONIAN MENTALITY AND THE OLD HABITS IN CREATING BUSINESS Print E-mail

Elizabeta Mitreva

Abstract

In this work, it’s given analyses of the Macedonian companies about making up a business culture and a comparison with the business culture in the world. As a result of the researches, a new management system is offered that is based on the TQM (Total Quality Management) philosophy. The solution was found in improvement of the management system by accepting the new TQM philosophy and utilization of its strategy, development of the staff and promotion of the processes, and all of that is done earlier, even before the new technology and the separate IT are bought.

One of the biggest changes that the new TQM strategy requests from the Macedonian companies is to change the mentality and quit the old habits and the transitional syndrome. That means that the positive characteristics in the Macedonian mentality should evaluate, and the traditional values should be successfully joined with the cultural values and the current trendy values from the west, which rule the world.

Keywords: TQM (Total Quality Management) philosophy, management system, traditional values, business culture.

Assistant Professor Elizabeta Mitreva PhD works at the Faculty of Tourism and Business Logistics, Goce Delcev University, Shtip, R.Macedonia. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Cite this article:
Mitreva Elizabeta. THE INFLUENCE OF MACEDONIAN MENTALITY AND THE OLD HABITS IN CREATING BUSINESS. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.2:100-108, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no2-art07

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no2-art07

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2013-no2-art07.pdf

 
ORGANIZATIONAL VALUES AND MORAL VIRTUES OF ENTREPRENEUR: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY OF SLOVENIAN ENTREPRENEURS Print E-mail

Anita Kralj , Dejan Jelovac , Vasilij Mate

Abstract

This article examines the self-reflexion of Slovenian entrepreneurs to their own business activity, with a focus on their core values and virtues, which would consequently affect the performance, growth and development of entrepreneurship in Slovenia. The article starts with a theoretical understanding of organizational values and moral virtues of entrepreneurs and review of the recent empirical studies as the basis on which it is possible to achieve the explanation of the attitude of Slovenian entrepreneurs towards entrepreneurship. We have conducted our own empirical quantitative study on the representative sample of Slovenian entrepreneurs (n =114). Using the obtained results, we tried to verify the six hypotheses. We were particularly interested in those hypotheses that presuppose the entrepreneur who highly appreciates and respects the values and virtues of an ethical businesspearson in practice, will be more economically successful. Based on the results of our research we indicated that the Slovenian entrepreneurs are largely aware of the relevant organizational values and moral virtues, although this is not always obvious in their actions in everyday business practices. The article concludes with an interpretation of the results and discussion of the prospects and challenges for further exploration of the topics covered.

Keywords: business morality, moral virtue, organizational value, Slovenian entrepreneurship, business ethics.

Anita Kralj is M.A. in Busines Sciences, Gea Colege - Faculty of Entrepreneurship, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Prof. Dr. Dejan Jelovac is a Full Professor and Head of Department of Business Ethics, Corporate Culture and Management of Organisational Development at Gea College - Faculty of Entrepreneurship, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Vasilij Mate is M.A. in Organistional Sciences, Faculty of Organisational Sciences, Uviversity of Maribor, Slovenia.

Cite this article:
Kralj Anita, Jelovac Dejan, Mate Vasilij. ORGANIZATIONAL VALUES AND MORAL VIRTUES OF ENTREPRENEUR: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY OF SLOVENIAN ENTREPRENEURS. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.2:109-139, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no2-art08

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no2-art08

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2013-no2-art08.pdf

 
THE MANAGEMENT OF COMPLEX (SECURITY) CRISIS Print E-mail

Marjan Malešič

Abstract
Crises occur frequently and in very complex ways however routine responses of crisis management often do not follow the changing pattern, nature, intensity and scope of crises. Extensive research has been accomplished in Europe and North America to create bases for creative changes in this field. Common theory and methodology were developed and the huge amount of cases was empirically explored to this effect. The article brings about core findings on legal, system and functional dimensions of crisis management in Slovenia. Its assumption is that inconsistent legal and doctrinal solutions, and consequently system deficiencies hamper the development of effective and rational crisis management. The officials’ fear of innovations that change every day routine is not helpful in this process, either. The discourse of the article is analytical and prescriptive by its nature.

Keywords: crisis, crisis management (system), legal basis, coordination, innovation.

Prof Dr. Marjan Malešič, Head of Defense Research Center, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Ljubljana. The article is based upon research project Crisis Management in Slovenia sponsored by the Ministry of Defense of Republic of Slovenia and the Slovenian Research Agency.

Cite this article:
Malešič Marjan. THE MANAGEMENT OF COMPLEX (SECURITY) CRISIS. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.1:6-19, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no1-art01

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no1-art01

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2013-no1-art01.pdf

 

 
THE INTERCONNECTION OF THE LOCAL DEMOCRACY AND THE FINANCES OF LOCAL SELF-GOVERNMENT Print E-mail

Olga Sharapova

Abstract
In this paper the author gives a legal vision of the link between the local democracy and finances of the local self-government by comparing the legislation and its impact in France and in Russia, as well as by introducing some comparative elements with Slovenia. The analysis, made essentially on the basis of the Russian federal law n° 131-FZ and the French General Code of Territorial Entities (GCTE), reveals three main aspects of the interaction of the local democracy with local public finances: (1) direct elections of local officials and its impact on the municipal finances, (2) responsibility in front of the population of directly/indirectly elected mayors in the public finances field, (3) participation of the local population in the financial decisions. The practical influence of the legislation on the problem under scrutiny is mainly examined in the Russian case; for France there are normally predictions which are used in order to demonstrate the impact of legal dispositions, because the most of the provisions of French law n° 2010-1563, modified the GCTE concerning the local democracy or local public finances, are not still implemented or the short period of their application does not allow to assess its interconnection.

Keywords: local democracy, public finances, self-government.

Ms Olga Sharapova is a PhD candidate in Law at the University Paris 5 Descartes This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Cite this article:
Sharapova Olga. THE INTERCONNECTION OF THE LOCAL DEMOCRACY AND THE FINANCES OF LOCAL SELF-GOVERNMENT. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.1:20-34, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no1-art02

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no1-art02

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2013-no1-art02.pdf

 
PRESERVATION OR DEGRADATION OF LOCAL CULTURAL ASSETS IN CENTRAL TOKYO – THE CASE OF THE PLANS TO RELOCATE THE TSUKIJI FISH MARKET Print E-mail

Matjaz Ursic

Abstract
Most cultural-led redevelopment projects in today’s global cities are devised with the clear objective of stimulating their economic growth. Redevelopment schemes usually aim to develop consumption services and urban settings to make the city more attractive for investors. In many cases, redevelopment has led to a diminishment in diversity of local cultural spaces in the inner-city areas. Historically and socially important services and institutions like Tokyo’s Tsukiji Fish Market tend to be relocated and replaced by less traditional and culturally less attractive spaces. This short-term strategy cannot really succeed in preserving or integrating local cultures, which may in the long run help Tokyo to become distinctively different from other global competing cities and to benefit from these advantages. The article analyses the plans to renovate or redevelop specific local consumption spaces in Tokyo, and explores what mechanisms and strategies are being used by the involved actors to accomplish their goals.

Keywords: urban policies, culture, preservation

Matjaz Ursic, University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Spatial Sociology

Cite this article:
Ursic Matjaz . PRESERVATION OR DEGRADATION OF LOCAL CULTURAL ASSETS IN CENTRAL TOKYO – THE CASE OF THE PLANS TO RELOCATE THE TSUKIJI FISH MARKET. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.1:35-63, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no1-art03

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no1-art03

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2013-no1-art03.pdf

 
COMBATING DISCRIMINATION ON THE GROUNDS OF DISABILITY IN INTERNATIONAL AND EU LAW Print E-mail

Gregor Maučec

Abstract
The article provides for a critical overview of international and in particular EU human rights and non-discrimination frameworks relevant and applicable to unequal treatment of persons with disabilities. Having considered the contents and scope of relevant international human rights and non-discrimination provisions the author turns to the questions as to how these provisions might be exercised, who the rights holders and duty bearers would be and what the challenges of balancing different rights and needs are. The article also includes the definition of the concept of disability in the context of non-discrimination law and examines the dimensions of disability discrimination as defined in international and EU law. The author concludes that international and especially modern EU non-discrimination law establish a wide and inclusive legal framework for dealing with disability discrimination. However, the actual scope of the realisation of international and European legal standards on disability discrimination in each state will depend on the consistency and effectiveness of their national implementation and on the manner of putting them into practice.

Keywords: Persons with disabilities, disability discrimination, international law, EU law, EU member states’ legislations

Gregor Maučec M.A., is a research fellow at the ISCOMET Institute, Maribor, Slovenia

Cite this article:
Maučec Gregor . COMBATING DISCRIMINATION ON THE GROUNDS OF DISABILITY IN INTERNATIONAL AND EU LAW. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.1:64-76, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no1-art04

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no1-art04

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2013-no1-art04.pdf

 
PROMOTING SUSTAINABILITY OF TOURISM BY CREATIVE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT: HOW FAR IS SLOVENIA? Print E-mail

Romana Korez-Vide

Abstract
In this paper we introduce sustainability dimensions of creative tourism and develop a model of sustainable creative tourism. The concepts of culture-based creativity and sustainability as tools for a value-adding impact on cultural tourism and local culture are discussed in the theoretical part of the paper. Our empirical analysis reveals that higher GDP per capita does not necessary correlate with higher competitiveness of an economy: a comparison analysis of Slovenian and Estonian international competitive positions in various domains shows several weaknesses of Slovenian competitiveness and offers an explanation for indispensable systemic view on tourism competitiveness. Our world wide web analysis of the steps made in creative tourism development in both countries indicates Estonian advantage, which could be taken as an example of good practice. Some suggestions for Slovenian policymaking with regard to institutional support for culture-based creativity and creative tourism development are made in the final part of the paper.

Keywords: sustainability, culture-based creativity, creative tourism, competitiveness, Slovenia.

Romana Korez-Vide, PhD is an Assistant Professor at the University of Maribor, Faculty of Economics and Business (romana.korez-vide(at)uni-mb.si).

Cite this article:
Korez-Vide Romana. PROMOTING SUSTAINABILITY OF TOURISM BY CREATIVE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT: HOW FAR IS SLOVENIA?. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.1:77-102, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no1-art05

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no1-art05

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2013-no1-art05.pdf

 
EUROPEAN COMPLIANCE AND POLITICIZATION OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION IN ROMANIA Print E-mail

Diana - Camelia Iancu

Abstract
This paper addresses the problem of public administration politicization in Romania between 1990 and 2012. The approach taken here is that of Europeanization by conditionality and social learning, and of reform reversal hypothesis where the social learning is absent. This theoretical framework consists, briefly stated, in the belief that the adhering CEE (Central and Eastern European) states are subjected to a” sticks and carrots” mechanism and they respond to it by a (usually high enough) degree of compliance with the EU (European Union) norm. From this, once this mechanism gone (when EU membership is granted) if the social learning was unsuccessful, it is to be expected to observe a regress of reform or a reform reversal. I discuss this reform reversal hypothesis for the Romanian case. The paper is organized as follows: first, I briefly deal with the problem of Europeanization; second, I discuss the problem of the general class of international compliance theories and I analyze the specific case of compliance by Europeanization; third, I discuss the problem of conditionality and conditional regress hypothesis; fourth, I deal with a specific case of European compliance, the problem of civil service’s neutrality in CEE states before and after EU accession; fifth, I address the problem of Romanian public administration reform as a case of reform reversal. The argument I employ here is that the Romania experienced a reversal of reform after joining the EU and that might suggest a poor level of social learning in the case of de-politicization.

Keywords: politicization, public administration, Europeanization, conditionality, reform regress.

Ph.D. Diana – Camelia Iancu is lecturer at the National University of Political and Administrative Studies (NSPAS), Bucharest, Romania. The author would like to express her gratitutde to the helpful comments of Ph.D. Mihai Ungureanu.

Cite this article:
Iancu Diana - Camelia. EUROPEAN COMPLIANCE AND POLITICIZATION OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION IN ROMANIA. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.1:103-117, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no1-art06

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no1-art06

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2013-no1-art06.pdf

 
MARKETING CAPABILITIES FOR INNOVATION-BASED COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE IN THE SLOVENIAN MARKET Print E-mail

Vojko Potočan

Abstract
The primary role of marketing within the competitive advantage is innovation. The customer value-based differentiation strategies will drive the company’s market research efforts, its selection of target markets, its product development processes, its market communications programs, and its delivery processes. These processes require many specific capabilities that enable the firm to carry out activities necessary to move its products or services through the value chain. We must explore the role of distinctive marketing capabilities in competitive strategy of the company. As sources of competitive advantage, companies try to create their product or service differentiation by developing higher product or service quality, by using their knowledge to solving marketing problems, by communicating with their customers, and by satisfying customer’s needs. We also would like to confirm that superior customer service lead to company’s innovation. The paper closes with the implications of the findings and highlights promising future research avenues.

Keywords: competitive advantage, innovation, marketing capabilities, entrepreneurship, customer service

Vojko Potocan is a Professor at the University of Maribor, Faculty of Economics and Business, Razlagova 20, 2000 Maribor, Slovenia. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Cite this article:
Potočan Vojko . MARKETING CAPABILITIES FOR INNOVATION-BASED COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE IN THE SLOVENIAN MARKET. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.1:118-134, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no1-art07

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no1-art07
 
View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2013-no1-art07.pdf

 
Page 1 of 2

Quick SCOPUS search

An Example SciVerse Scopus Search Javascript API Transaction

Search Form:

Returned sciverse Content:

None.

We use cookies to improve our website and your experience when using it. Cookies used for the essential operation of the site have already been set. To find out more about the cookies we use and how to delete them, see our privacy policy.

I accept cookies from this site.

More information

Translate site

About IIASS

kinhlup.gif IIASS -Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences is a trusted academic journal published 3 times yearly (January, May, September).

 

IIASS is an open access Journal under Attribution-NonCommercial  CC BY-NC licence.

For more information please send mail to info(at)iiass.com

We use cookies to improve our website and your experience when using it. Cookies used for the essential operation of the site have already been set. To find out more about the cookies we use and how to delete them, see our privacy policy.

I accept cookies from this site.

More information