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ORGANISATIONAL CULTURE MEASUREMENT: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY OF LOCAL AND REGIONAL SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES IN CASE OF POST OF SLOVENIA Ltd. Print E-mail

Dejan Jelovac, Ranko Orlić, Jana Suklan, Cvetko Sršen

Abstract

Local and regional similarities and differences in the organisational culture of the national postal operator were discussed. Its business units are present in all Slovenian regions. The main objective of the research is to discover the prevailing type of the organisational culture in the company. For this purpose, we used Cameron and Quinn's questionnaire. We suppose that among certain business units in different Slovenian regions there are both affinities and substantial differences in the perception of the organisational culture. The results showed that we can classify business units of the organisation according to the organisational culture in two heterogeneous groups.

Keywords: subculture, organisational culture, local and regional characteristics, Post of Slovenia.

Prof. Dr. Dejan Jelovac is Full Professor of organisational sciences and business ethics at School of Advanced Social Studies, Nova Gorica; Faculty of Media, Ljubljana and Faculty of Information Studies in Novo mesto, Slovenia; dejan.jelovac(at)gmail.com

Ranko Orlić, Ph.D., Full Professor, University of Belgrade, Faculty of Organizational Sciences, Jove Ilića 154, 11000 Beograd, Serbia, email: rorlic(at)eunet.rs

Jana Suklan, School of Advanced Social Studies, Gregorčičeva 19, 5000 Nova Gorica, Slovenia, email: jana.suklan(at)gmail.com

Cvetko Sršen, M.A. in social sciences, CEO of PE Novo mesto, Post Office Slovenia, Novi trg 7, 8000 Novo mesto, email: Cvetko.Srsen(at)posta.si

Cite this article:
Jelovac Dejan, et. al. . ORGANISATIONAL CULTURE MEASUREMENT: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY OF LOCAL AND REGIONAL SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES IN CASE OF POST OF SLOVENIA Ltd.. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.9, no.2:8-34, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no2-art1

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no2-art1

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2016-no2-art1.pdf

 

 
UNWANTED BEHAVIOUR AMONG YOUTH: INFLUENCE OF DIGITAL MEDIA CONSUMPTION Print E-mail

Mateja Rek

Abstract

In many cases of unwanted behaviour that we analysed (for instance in case of cheating on school tests, beating, being bullied, conflicts with parents, gambling, intentionally damaging or destroying property) we found a statistically significant effect of the extent of digital media use on incidence of such behaviour. Youth, who are large digital media users, behave in such socially unwanted ways more often compared to smaller media users. A dominant share of youth isn’t involved in violent behaviour or vandalism at all. However, the incidence of violence or vandalism in the large media users group is significantly higher compared to low and medium users group.

Key words: youth, digital media, media effects, unwanted behavior

Mateja Rek is Associate Professor at Faculty of media and Head of the Infrastructural program of Faculty for media – collecting, managing and archiving data on media literacy, funded by Slovenian Research Agency, contract number: 1000-16-2916.

Cite this article:

Rek Mateja. UNWANTED BEHAVIOUR AMONG YOUTH: INFLUENCE OF DIGITAL MEDIA CONSUMPTION. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.9, no.3:122--1, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no3-art7

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no3-art7

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2016-no3-art7.pdf

 
A STRUCTURAL EQUATION MODELING OF UNIVERSITY STUDENTS’ SMARTPHONE DEPENDENCE IN AN EMERGING COUNTRY Print E-mail

Zafer Aykanat, Tayfun Yıldız, Ali Kemal Çelik

Abstract

Smartphone dependence has been emerged as a crucial concern especially for young consumers along with rapid technological advances over the past decades. Better understanding the determinants of smartphone dependence on young consumers may be valuable to decrease compulsive smartphone use in the future. The main objective of this study is to examine the association between smartphone dependence and product features, brand name, product price, social influence and social needs using a Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). For this purpose, a well-established survey was conducted to 411 university students in a north-eastern university of Turkey. The empirical evidence of the present study reveals that there exists a positive relationship between smartphone dependence and social influence and social needs. Results also suggest that product price has a negative impact on smartphone dependence. This study is most probably the first attempt to examine factors affecting smartphone dependence in this specific sample. The results of this study may add value to explain the key drivers of problematic smartphone use in emerging countries.

Keywords: smartphone, dependence, structural equation modeling, social influence, social needs, Turkey

Zafer Aykanat - Ardahan University, Department of Business Administration ( This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it )

Tayfun Yıldız - Ardahan University, Department of Business Administration ( This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it )

Ali Kemal Çelik - Atatürk University, Department of Econometrics ( This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it )

Cite this article:
Zafer Aykanat, Yıldız Tayfun, Çelik Ali Kemal. A STRUCTURAL EQUATION MODELING OF UNIVERSITY STUDENTS’ SMARTPHONE DEPENDENCE IN AN EMERGING COUNTRY. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.9, no.3:108-121, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no3-art6

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no3-art6

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2016-no3-art6.pdf

 
THE PRACTICAL ASPECT OF DEVELOPING ART APPRECIATION Print E-mail

Matjaž Duh, Jerneja Herzog, Andreja Švec

Abstract

In the present article the significance and the role of art appreciation are dealt with. The ways and procedures of developing art appreciation of pupils in primary school are presented. With the support of the procedure of gradual uncovering of an artwork, in which two different methods were employed, namely increasing the sharpness and fragmentary image, the response and experience of 14 – 15 years old pupils were investigated in this study. In this, focus was on the examination of appropriateness of the procedures according to the type of the selected artworks. The procedures were examined on two sets, namely on a set of artworks with realistically depicted motifs and on a set of abstract paintings. We have found the selected procedures were to a certain extent more appropriate for dealing with realistic motifs, and to a lesser extent for abstract motifs. For pupils it is more difficult to accept an unknown, alien image, they much more easily identify themselves with recognisable forms and motifs. The latter motivate and inspire them more; they activate communication and in consequence raise the level of the development of art appreciation.

Key Words: art appreciation, communication, artworks, methods of developing art appreciation.

Matjaž Duh, PhD, Faculty of Education, University of Maribor ( This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it )

Jerneja Herzog, PhD, University of Maribor, Faculty of Education, ( This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it )

Andreja Švec, prof., Faculty of Education, University of Maribor ( This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it )

Cite this article:

Duh Matjaž, Herzog Jerneja, Švec Andreja. THE PRACTICAL ASPECT OF DEVELOPING ART APPRECIATION. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.9, no.3:84-107, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no3-art5

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no3-art5

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2016-no3-art5.pdf

 
THE NATIONAL MINORITY CONSULTATIVE MECHANISMS - THE COUNCILS OF NATIONAL MINORITIES IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA Print E-mail

Aleksandar Čorni

Abstract

The article tries to explore the practical application of the soft law, in concrete terms, the documents adopted by the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, referring to the models of participation of national minorities in public life in the case of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The objective of the research was to assess the legal and political grounds for functioning national minority councils as participation and consultative mechanisms, scope of responsibilities and capacities in relation to their effectiveness and impact and to identify relevant good practices on such mechanisms. The political and decision-making structures in Bosnia and Herzegovina demonstrated lack of actual commitment to the realization of the rights of minorities referring to participation in decision-making processes. Bearing in mind formal position within parliaments, visibility, and a significant promotional capacity for presence in the public sphere, the councils on national minorities may represent a significant body and channel for the minority – majority dialogue. However, at the moment, the national minority councils’ capacity to ensure participation of national minorities in Bosnian political life and their influence in decision-making process remains insufficient. In general, the consultative mechanisms, within their mandated responsibilities, have had insignificant and minimal impact on the practical, political and legislative segment.

Key words: The OSCE Lund Recommendations, Councils of National Minorities in Bosnia.

Aleksandar Čorni, LLM in Law, Attorney at Law within Joint Law Firm „Dragan Stupar & Aleksandar Čorni“, Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Contact address: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Cite this article:

Čorni  Aleksandar . THE NATIONAL MINORITY CONSULTATIVE MECHANISMS - THE COUNCILS OF NATIONAL MINORITIES IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.9, no.3:57-83, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no3-art4

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no3-art4

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2016-no3-art4.pdf

 
VIOLENCE AGAINST WIVES IN HOUSEHOLD: A CASE STUDY IN RURAL BANGLADESH Print E-mail

Md Masud Sarker, Md. Shahidul Islam, Md. Faysal Ahmed

Abstract

This paper tries to examine the factors related to domestic violence against women in rural Bangladesh and find the remedies to this problem. A cross-sectional study was conducted at Kandigoan Union Parishad under Sylhet Sadar Upazila in Sylhet district, Bangladesh. Data were collected using social survey method. Two- stage cluster sampling method was applied to select the sample. Chi-square test was applied to examine the association between independent variables and dependent variable while binary logistic regression was applied to measure the effects of socio-economic factors on domestic violence against women in the household. The chi-square test shows that the age of wife, age of husband, NGOs’ membership of wife and couple’s income were related to the battering by husbands. Logistic regression shows that wife’s working status, age of husband and couple’s income were related to women battering by husbands in the family.

Key Words: Bangladesh, Domestic Violence, Household, Husband, Women.

Md MasudSarker, Department of Political Studies, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet, Bangladesh, E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Md. Shahidul Islam, Bangladesh Institute of Social Research (BISR) Trust, Bangladesh, Tel: +88-01722-918936 E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Md. Faysal Ahmed, Department of Political Studies, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet, Bangladesh, Tel: +88-01727-990671 E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Cite this article:

Sarker Md  Masud , Md. Shahidul Ahmed, Md.  Faysal . VIOLENCE AGAINST WIVES IN HOUSEHOLD: A CASE STUDY IN RURAL BANGLADESH. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.9, no.3:43-56, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no3-art3

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no3-art3

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2016-no3-art3.pdf

 
INTERNET ADDICTION – EMPIRICAL VERIFICATION FOR SLOVENIA Print E-mail

Mateja Gorenc, Borka Jerman Blažič, Anita Goltnik Urnaut

Abstract

The Internet has become an essential part of the day and the working lives of many people. Daily use of the Internet has the potential to become the worrying problem of the moment as some of Internet users begin to neglect their families, abandon hobbies, are late for work and, thus, lose contact with reality only to spend as much time as possible on the Internet. The aim of the research was to explore Internet addiction in Slovenia. We have designed a structural model to study Internet addiction. The research was conducted to collect data on Internet addiction. The sample surveys included employed people in Slovenia. Our results indicate a serious problem with Internet addiction. The predicted model in this study can be used for further research on Internet addiction.

Key words: Internet addiction, addiction to computer games, addiction to social networks, addiction to online shopping, addiction to pornographic content, addiction to sports betting and gambling, loneliness.

Mateja Gorenc, a doctoral student of Business Informatics, with a Master’s degree in Business studies and a university graduate in mathematics, employed in the sector of information technologies in the service of the programming and management of applications ( This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it )

Borka Jerman Blažič - Institut “Jožef Štefan” Ljubljana, Slovenia ( This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it )

Anita Goltnik Urnaut - Faculty of Commercial and Business Sciences Celje, Slovenia ( This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it )

Cite this article:
Gorenc Mateja, Jerman Blažič Borka, Goltnik Urnaut Anita. INTERNET ADDICTION – EMPIRICAL VERIFICATION FOR SLOVENIA. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.9, no.3:23-42, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no3-art2

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no3-art2

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2016-no3-art2.pdf

 

 
SOCIAL-ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF CYBERCRIME Print E-mail

Aleksandar Ilievski, Igor Bernik

Abstract

The purpose of the study is to highlight the main issues of developing countries regarding cybercrime and examine the possible link between weak economic development and escalating levels of cybercrime. The findings were established on the basis of literature review, comparative studies and the synthesis of findings. The existing sociological theories of crime are not limited to traditional crime and may be used for the interpretation of its cyber version. By analysing individual sociological theories and the results of empirical research, we found that social-economic factors, such as GDP per capita, unemployment and education, are closely related to the incidence of cybercrime in different countries. This enables us to conclude that the relatively poor economic development is one of the reasons contributing to a higher incidence of cybercrime in Eastern European countries. By taking into account factors of different nature, one could increase the understanding of cybercrime and the possibility of adopting and implementing reliable preventive measures. However, this paper strives not only to understand the factors related to cybercrime, but also to raise awareness, stimulate a proactive approach and develop preventive actions in the fight against cybercrime.

Keywords: social-economic aspects, cybercrime, economic development.

Aleksandar Ilievski, Ph.D. candidate at the Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security, University of Maribor, Slovenia. His research fields are cybercrime, cyber security and combating cybercrime. Contact address: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Igor Bernik, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Information Security and the Head of the Information Security Department at the Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security, University of Maribor, Slovenia. His research fields are information systems, cybersecurity, cyberwarfare, cyberterrorism and the growing requirements for cybersecurity awareness. Contact address: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Cite this article:
Ilievski Aleksandar, Bernik Igor. SOCIAL-ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF CYBERCRIME. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.9, no.3:8-22, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no3-art1

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no3-art1

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2016-no3-art1.pdf 

 
A STUDY OF EARLY MARRIAGE AND MATERNAL MORTALITY AMONG THE WOMEN IN A VILLAGE OF CHITTAGONG IN BANGLADESH Print E-mail

Sayeed Mahmud, Abu Zafar Mahmudul Haq

Abstract

This was a descriptive type cross sectional study with a sample size of 217 selected by purposive sampling technique. Data collections were conducted between November 2014 to June 2015 to find out early marriage and maternal mortality among the women of Doulatpur village in Fatickchari Upazilla through pre-structured questionnaire. Out of total respondents, 42.39% belonged to 30-44 years age group. Most of them (27.19%) had education up to high school level, 18.43% had education up to primary level. Among the 217 respondents, (78.80%) were housewives. Out of the respondents 93.55% were married. Most of the families (39.10%) had 2 female members. Among the respondents, (42.86%) of them belonged to upper middle class and only 7.83% were of lower class. During first marriage, 23.50% respondents’ age were more than 18years. Maximum respondents (76.04%) had idea about the age of marriage and rest 23.96% had no idea about this. In total 174 respondents, 40.23% had multiple sources of idea. 30.46% and 9.77% got idea from media and neighbours respectively. Maximum respondents (83.87%) accepted the idea of marriage, only 16.13% didn't accept the idea. Out of 217 respondents, 73.27% had knowledge about early marriage complications. Majority of the respondents, 68.66% had idea about child bearing age and the rest 31.34% had no idea. Most of the respondents (36.87%) preferred hospital as the place of delivery and 30.41% preferred UPHC. Maximum respondents (73.21%) received ANC and 26.73% didn't receive this care. In most of the cases (35.76%) preferred MBBS doctors as ANC provider, 18.79% and 18.18% preferred specialist and FWV as their ANC provider respectively. 86.18% had no complications during delivery and 13.82% had complications. Maximum respondents (31.03%) got management from UHC. Among the respondents, 50.23% had no knowledge about maternal death during pregnancy. Maximum (96.77%) respondents said there was no maternal death in last one year. 71.49% of total maternal death occurred during delivery, 87.50% had no systemic and infectious diseases during pregnancies, 12.44% respondents had suffered from these problems. Among the respondents, 76.50% were normotensive, 18.89% & 4.61% were hypertensive and hypotensive respectively. Some suggestions were derived from the study. This study on early marriage and maternal mortality of the women of Doulatpur village will provide idea about the women of the country regarding the situation.

Keywords: early marriage, maternal mortality, women, village, Bangladesh.

Sayeed Mahmud, M.Phil, MPH, MBBS, Associate professor and head, Department of Community Medicine, Chittagong Medical College, Chittagong, Bangladesh, E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it yahoo.com

 Abu Zafar Mahmudul Haq, Ph.D, Associate professor, Department of Business Administration, City University, Dhaka, Bangladesh, E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Cite this article:
Mahmud Sayeed, Mahmudul Haq  Abu Zafar. A STUDY OF EARLY MARRIAGE AND MATERNAL MORTALITY AMONG THE WOMEN IN A VILLAGE OF CHITTAGONG IN BANGLADESH. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.9, no.2:35-56, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no2-art2

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no2-art2

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2016-no2-art2.pdf

 
DIMENSIONS OF THE MACEDONIAN TOURIST MARKET (FACTS AND FIGURES) – PREDICTIONS AND PLAN FOR THE FUTURE Print E-mail

Vasko Cuculeski, Nikola Cuculeski

Abstract

Tourism represents an appropriate phenomenon of the modern civilization. In practice it already takes noticeable place, because it is considered for one of the most massive occurrences ever in the history of the human existence. It is easier to recognize its practical features than to interpret it from a scientific point of view. Exactly this difficulty presents a challenge for its analysis. It has been analyzed from different aspects, and also all the fundamental and applicative research is made in the same way.

Although in Macedonia tourism is not developed at a high level, yet the number of foreign tourists are increasing and with that increasing at the same time it is noticeable the tourism development, so through tourism the Republic of Macedonia begins to show its beauty. For more information about the arrival of foreign tourists in Macedonia, the State Statistical Office has opened a website for anyone who wants to know more than this.

Key words: tourism, Macedonian tourism, tourism dimensions, statistics.

Vasko Cuculeski, PhD, Associate Professor, Faculty of Tourism and Hospitality, University “St. Kliment Ohridski” – Bitola, Republic of Macedonia, e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
Nikola Cuculeski, PhD, Titled Assistant Professor - Faculty of Tourism and Business Logistics, University “Goce Delchev” – Shtip, Republic of Macedonia, e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Cite this article:
Cuculeski Vasko, Cuculeski Nikola. DIMENSIONS OF THE MACEDONIAN TOURIST MARKET (FACTS AND FIGURES) – PREDICTIONS AND PLAN FOR THE FUTURE. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.9, no.2:57-70, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no2-art3

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no2-art3

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2016-no2-art3.pdf

 

 
PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHERS’ VIEWS ON THEIR AUTONOMY Print E-mail

Jurka Lepičnik Vodopivec

Abstract

In the paper we discuss primary school teachers’ views of their own autonomy. In the introduction we present the theoretical premises and the views of different authors. In spite of the different views on understanding teacher’s autonomy, it can be summed up it is a complex, multi-layered and important factor of teacher’s activities. It appears at different levels and relations in the education process. Here we highlight the significance of decentralisation of school that influences teacher’s authority and tasks, as with decentralisation the power and responsibility of decision-making is transferred from the national to the school level, which means the significance of school autonomy—and thus also of teachers’ autonomy—is strengthened. In the second part the results of an empirical study carried out on the sample of 104 primary school teachers from 30 randomly selected basic schools in Slovenia are presented. We found primary school teachers estimate they are autonomous in their work. To the largest extent teacher’s autonomy is influenced by regulation in education, by the curriculum, and by professional qualifications, and the least by parents. They link their own autonomy to independence in making decisions about choosing the methods of teaching and the selection of teaching resources they use at the performance level of teaching. According to the estimate of surveyed teachers they have less autonomy in selecting textbooks, which can be attributed to enforcing the policy of joint procurement and to the decisions of school authorities regarding the introduction of the latter into school practice.                                   

Key words: Autonomy, teacher, forms, methods, teaching  

Prof. dr. Jurka Lepičnik Vodopivec, Pedagoška fakulteta, Univreza na Primorskem

Cite this article:
Lepičnik Vodopivec  Jurka. PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHERS’ VIEWS ON THEIR AUTONOMY. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.9, no.2:71-84, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no2-art4

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no2-art4

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2016-no2-art4.pdf

 

 
DIGITALIZATION AND NEW MEDIA LANDSCAPE Print E-mail

Tadej Praprotnik

Abstract

The article presents the phenomena of new communication technologies. It exposes the role of social media (Web 2.0) and sketches some global trends within the field of new media. It further outlines basic characteristics of traditional mass communication and consumption of media products, and as a counter-part presents interactive nature of a new media and the phenomena of user-generated media contents. The main focus of the article is the process of digitalization and its influence on important social system: media industry and production.

Digitalization and growth of social media have challenged the news industry, so the latter has to adjust its media production to the rising power of independent publishers on social media platforms, as well as to users, which became publishers themselves, the so-called prosumers. The process of multimedia production is described through various types of inclusion promised in the technological formats. This article also highlights the transformed “intimacy” of new media cultures, which presents further evidence of new, unstable, and to some respect blurring divisions between the public and private spheres of communication.

Several positive and negative consequences of digitalization on media landscape are enumerated. There are problems concerning transparency, accountability and professionalism of media production. Digital media has speed up the process of media production, journalists are faced with lack of time. Journalists as multitasking professionals are becaming the norm.

The article exposes social activities manifested on social media (networks). Social networks, such as Facebook and Twitter, are becoming news platforms for spreading information and news among users. Moreover, social media has become a powerful tool for publishers and journalists, as it enables them to augment or to keep their audience. Since social networks are usually used to accomplish interpersonal rather than professional goals, there is a risk of misperception of communication acts performed by journalists via social networks. Interaction via social networks is usually more personal, interactive, collaborative, but these characteristics are quite different from normative ideals, attributed to quality journalism.The article concludes with the question about possible solutions concerning further development of normative conceptions of journalism.

Keywords: digitalization, social media, Facebook, Twitter, journalism

Tadej Praprotnik, PhD is an Assistant Professor at the University of Primorska (The Faculty of Humanities). Contact address: pratadej (at) gmail.com

Cite this article:
Praprotnik Tadej. DIGITALIZATION AND NEW MEDIA LANDSCAPE. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.9, no.2:85-99, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no2-art5

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no2-art5

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2016-no2-art5.pdf

 
CONTINUING FACTION AMONG NAGAS Print E-mail

Subramaniam Kannan

Abstract

Factions are the competition between groups for scarce resources or power. It manifests in many forms and is noticed in all parts of the world. However, factions also emerge because of certain vulnerable situations and issues that are found at different levels of social organisation. The fundamental assumption in the present study is that factions at different levels do not constitute independent and insulated phenomena. There are always certain linkages between their functioning at various levels, such as the village, block, district and the state. Against this background the present study made an attempt to observe factions at the village, block and district levels and establish organic or otherwise links between factions at these levels. The study carried out in Dimapur district of Nagaland, where there is a clash between two tribal groups. The rationale implicit in the study is, therefore, that the leadership of various political parties at the grass root level interacts with the leadership of these various tribal groups at the district level and state level through the dynamics of factional process.

To collect in-depth information on factions among Nagas informal interviews were conducted among the elders at village level and tribal organizations at district level. The study also understands various specific issues, which constitute the back drop for various factions, i.e., those issues by which the faction-groups maintain identity. The origin of faction among the Nagas starts from the freedom struggle of Nagas from India. However recently the problems happened in the state head quarters (Kohima) it reflects in the district head quarters and in the Sumi dominated villages.

The study concludes that strong political ground among the tribal organisation is the major causes of the faction. Finally, the author suggesting that government should maintain the effective communication with the tribal group leaders and various tribal organisations and to have effective eye watch of the incidents took place in all the part of the state to curb the inimical clashes among the Nagas.

Key words: Faction, Nagas, Tribes, Organisations, Politics

Subramaniam.Kannan, Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, School of Arts and Languages, Lovely Professional University, Punjab. Email: kannan.18752 (at) lpu.co.in

Cite this article:
Kannan Subramaniam. CONTINUING FACTION AMONG NAGAS. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.9, no.2:100-115, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no2-art6

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no2-art6

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2016-no2-art6.pdf

 

 
ABUSE OF INTERNET SERVICES IN THE WORKPLACE AND THE EMERGENCE OF ADDICTION Print E-mail

Mateja Gorenc, Borka Jerman Blažič, Anita Goltnik Urnaut

Abstract

Employees who abuse Internet privileges have become a major concern among today's employers. Employees misuse Internet at the workplace due to the overcrowded schedule, pressures at work, etc. Internet for private purposes is also used as a release or escape from work, escape from the reality of the workplace or due to poor organizational climate; it can be used as an efficient use of time at work but it can also be excessively used when the employees are not monitored. The survey results show that there is a correlation between Internet addiction and misuse of the Internet in the workplace. Electronic monitoring has a strong impact on the abuse of the Internet. More electronic monitoring will decrease the abuse of the internet services in the workplace and vice versa. Organizational climate, relations in the working organization, the Internet policy and demographic factors do not affect the abuse of Internet services in the workplace.

Key words: addiction to the Internet, organizational climate, relations in the working organization, the Internet policy, e-monitoring.

Mateja Gorenc, a doctoral student of Business Informatics, with a Master’s degree in Business studies and a university graduate in mathematics, employed in the sector of information technologies in the service of the programming and management of applications (mateja.gorenc(at)gmail.com)

Borka Jerman Blažič - Institut “Jožef Štefan” Ljubljana, Slovenia (borka(at)e5.ijs.si)

Anita Goltnik Urnaut - Faculty of Commercial and Business Sciences Celje, Slovenia (anita.urnaut(at)sc-sg.si)

Cite this article:
Gorenc Mateja, Jerman Blažič Borka, Anita Goltnik Urnaut. ABUSE OF INTERNET SERVICES IN THE WORKPLACE AND THE EMERGENCE OF ADDICTION. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.9, no.2:116-136, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no2-art7

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no2-art7

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2016-no2-art7.pdf

 

 
DO SLOVENIAN DEALERS USE TECHNIQUES FOR INCREASING THEIR TIPS? Print E-mail

Andrej Raspor

Abstract

In 1996 Michael Lynn introduced the idea that restaurant managers could increase tips for their waiters and thus increase turnover by training the waiters to engage tip-enhancing behaviours. Since then, the list of tip-enhancing behaviours has expanded. Therefore the potential to increase tips is more accessible. The purpose of this paper was to examine how Slovenian dealers use strategies to increase their tips.

We tested fourteen techniques to increase tips. The study was carried out among 473 gaming employees, 279 of which are dealers, in the Slovenian gaming industry, in order to find out how they use these techniques and which of them can bring about an increase in their tips.

The study showed that Slovenian dealers mostly do not use these techniques, and that the dealers who do use them tend to receive tips more often. The findings imply that managers and employees should be informed of these techniques in order to increase tips and their overall income. Practical implications are that we suggest that management considers these ideas for increasing flexibility and reducing the cost of work: (1) informing dealers on ways of increasing tips, (2) including the acquisition of this specific knowledge in their career plans, (3) carrying out a reform of the reward system which  would include tips. Social implications will be shown in a higher gaming revenue. It is very likely – as shown in our research – that employees will receive higher wages as these will be topped up by tips. The state, in turn, will collect more taxes.

Keywords: waiters, dealers, tip, tipping behaviour, gaming industry.

Andrej Raspor, assistant Professor Fakulteta za uporabne družbene študije v Novi Gorici, Nova Gorica, DOBA Fakulteta, Maribor, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it  

Cite this article:
Raspor Andrej. DO SLOVENIAN DEALERS USE TECHNIQUES FOR INCREASING THEIR TIPS?. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.9, no.2:137-151, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no2-art8

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no2-art8

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2016-no2-art8.pdf

 
DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF A SCALE TO MEASURE PERCEIVED SUSTAINABILITY OF TOURISM DESTINATIONS: A MULTI STAKEHOLDER APPROACH Print E-mail

Paul V. Mathew, Moli P. Koshy

 

Abstract

The term ‘sustainability’ emerges as a buzz word in all sectors of development. Achieving sustainability in triple-bottom line areas viz; society, environment, and economy become a point of concern for policy makers and planners, considering the brewing imbalance prevailing in the current approach of development. Being a fastest growing industry, the issue gets much attention in the tourism sector. Though it has a decisive role in regional development and economic growth, the issue of overreaching of carrying capacity and the adverse impacts of tourism on the lives of local residents and environment raise questions on the future of tourism. Hence also, special attention should be put to maintain sustainability of tourism destinations. It was in the wake of these situation, present study endeavored in to development of a stake holder based scale to measure sustainability of tourism destinations.

Key Words: Destination Sustainability, Stakeholder Participation, Sustainable Management, and Triple bottom line approach

Paul V. Mathew, Research Scholar

Prof. (Dr.) Moli P. Koshy, Director, School of Management Studies (SMS), Cochin University of Science and Technology (CUSAT), Kerala, India

 

Cite this article:
Mathew Paul V., Koshy Moli P.. DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF A SCALE TO MEASURE PERCEIVED SUSTAINABILITY OF TOURISM DESTINATIONS: A MULTI STAKEHOLDER APPROACH. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.9, no.1:8-29, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no1-art01

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no1-art01

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2016-no1-art01.pdf

 

 
AN EXPLANATION OF THE CYBERCRIME VICTIMISATION: SELF-CONTROL AND LIFESTILE/ROUTINE ACTIVITY THEORY Print E-mail

Aleksandar Ilievski

Abstract

The purpose of the current paper is to examine the causes of cybercrime victimisation, to highlight limitations of the existing cybercrime victimisation etiological studies and provide guidance for further research. The general findings are reported on the basis of a review of previous empirical studies. In addition to minor deficiencies, elements of self-control and lifestyle/routine activity theory together can be applied to the study of cybercrime victimisation. On the basis of the review of existing research, six main conclusions have been drawn. The limitation of the current research is that examines only the causes of cybercrime victimisation through the application of self-control and lifestyle/routine activity theory as the most useful for this purpose. Future research should take into account all the conclusions discussed in the paper and test new or other existing victimological theories for the purpose of better explaining cybercrime victimisation. This study contributes to improved etiological exploration of cybercrime victimisation and, consequently, to the creation of effective measures to prevent it.

Keywords: cybercrime, victimisation, self-control, lifestyle, routine activities.

Aleksandar Ilievski is a Ph.D. candidate at the Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security, University of Maribor, Slovenia. His research fields are cybercrime, etiology of cybercrime, cyber security and combating cybercrime. Contact address: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Cite this article:

Ilievski Aleksandar. AN EXPLANATION OF THE CYBERCRIME VICTIMISATION: SELF-CONTROL AND LIFESTILE/ROUTINE ACTIVITY THEORY. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.9, no.1:30-47, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no1-art02

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no1-art02

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2016-no1-art02.pdf

 
THE NIGERIA DATA PROTECTION BILL: APPRAISAL, ISSUES, AND CHALLENGES Print E-mail

Abubakar Sanni Aliyu

Abstract

Nigeria has absolutely no privacy and personal information laws. This lacuna is even more material in an internet world where information published on the web is open to a global audience. It is in this regard that the Data Protection Bill was sponsored by Hon. Yakubu Dogara, member of the Federal House of Representatives, representing Bogoro/Dass/Tafawa Balewa Bauchi State, Nigeria. This paper has two key aims, firstly to find out the major issues address by the proposed Data Protection Bill 2010, secondly, to determine the significance and the challenges of the Bill to Nigeria environment. The study utilized secondary source of data from the Data Protection Bill, 2010 and other documentary sources for analysis. The study finds out that the Bill protect parties in regard to publication of market survey details and information, ensure that unauthorised processing of personal information is reduce, and use of personal data and information without the prior consent of the data is subjected to scrutiny. The paper recommends that the Federal Government of Nigeria and the policy makers should hasten the process of passing the Bill into law in order to strengthen the activities of ecommerce in Nigeria through the following benefits: Improved customer relations; Improved ability to market lawfully; Improved data quality; Improved data security among others. 

Keywords: Act, Data Protection, Personal Information, Bill, E-commerce

Abubakar Sanni Aliyu, Master Information Management is of the Department of Research and Training, National Institute for Legislative Studies (NILS), National Assembly, Abuja-Nigeria, Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Cite this article:
Aliyu Abubakar Sanni. THE NIGERIA DATA PROTECTION BILL: APPRAISAL, ISSUES, AND CHALLENGES. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.9, no.1:48-59, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no1-art03

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no1-art03

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2016-no1-art03.pdf

 

 
THE IMPACT OF MODERN TECHNOLOGIES ON ELEMENTARY SCHOOL ORGANISATION AND TEACHING METHODS Print E-mail

Srečo Zakrajšek

Abstract

This paper aims to assess and explain the importance and impact of modern technologies on organisational and operational level of elementary education system. It analyses and presents the current situation and possibilities, vision, guidelines and strategies of the EU in the field of introduction of modern technologies to primary education. Proposal for modern primary school teaching methods, with some suggestions for specific solutions and actions, is shown.

Key words: modern technologies, elementary school, organisation

Srečo Zakrajšek, Ph.D. is the head of the  College for Multimedia, Ljubljana, Slovenija. Contact: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Cite this article:

Zakrajšek Srečo. THE IMPACT OF MODERN TECHNOLOGIES ON ELEMENTARY SCHOOL ORGANISATION AND TEACHING METHODS. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.9, no.1:60-76, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no1-art04

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no1-art04

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2016-no1-art04.pdf

 
THE TREND OF LOGISTICS OUTSOURCING (3PL) IN SLOVENIAN ORGANIZATIONS Print E-mail

Franc Brcar

Abstract

The purpose of this research study is to determine the current situation in logistics outsourcing in Slovenian organizations and to determine the trend of future development. The data was collected using a questionnaire with 500 largest organizations. The data was analyzed using frequency statistics and Wilcoxon signed-rank test. The most important finding was that the level of logistics outsourcing will grow in Slovenia. The growth will be higher in: (a) production organizations compared to service ones, (b) large organizations compared to medium-sized organizations and (c) domestic owned organizations compared to foreign owned organizations. The results are similar with global trends. Logistics outsourcing is important for management, namely because of improved effectiveness and efficiency. The results of the study also are important for management of logistic suppliers to better prepare them for future demands.

Key words: 3PL, Third-Party Logistics, Logistics Outsourcing, Logistics, Business Process Outsourcing

PhD Franc Brcar is an assistant professor at Faculty of Industrial Engineering Novo mesto (franc.brcar (at) fini-unm.si)

Cite this article:
Brcar Franc. THE TREND OF LOGISTICS OUTSOURCING (3PL) IN SLOVENIAN ORGANIZATIONS. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.9, no.1:77-90, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no1-art05

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no1-art05

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2016-no1-art05.pdf

 
ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE MOVEMENTS AND GANDHI’S ECOLOGICAL VISION: A STUDY ON HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATION BY DEVELOPMENTAL PROJECTS IN ODISHA Print E-mail

Braja Kishore Sahoo

Abstract

The state continues to be the key institution around which struggles for environmental justice in India are articulated. Its dominant role in the economy and its hierarchical, authoritarian and legitimate role as arbiter of rights and resources, the violation of its own environmental laws or acts in ways inimical to environmental justice has been protected by indigenous people. In my paper, I draw on the theme of the protest movements against developmental projects which are rooted in the livelihood and survival of the common people and the violation of human rights. The threats of displacement, loss of livelihood, alienation from their own surroundings are catalysts for this strand of the movement. The indigenous peoples facing threats to their rights, lands and cultures are the major force behind the mobilization against the corporate, government, policies and other forces which threaten them to fragment, displace, assimilate or drive towards cultural disintegration. I describe the main aim of these movements are based around the re-scaling of development projects to the local level, the defense of common property resources and the restoration of participatory, community based forms of environmental management. Based on this perspective, I discuss how the peoples of Odisha protest against developmental projects particularly Neo-Gandhian activists incorporating the political thinking and practice practiced by Gandhiji.This research shows that protest movements against developmental projects in Odisha were by and large successful by incorporating procedural, corrective and social aspects of justice inherent in Gandhian ecological ideas.

Key words: Environmental Justice; Developmental Interventions; Protest Movements; Human Rights; Gandhian Ideals.

Braja Kishore Sahoo is an Assistant Professor, Lovely Professional University, India,  E-Mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Cite this article:
Sahoo Braja Kishore. ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE MOVEMENTS AND GANDHI’S ECOLOGICAL VISION: A STUDY ON HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATION BY DEVELOPMENTAL PROJECTS IN ODISHA. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.9, no.1:91-111, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no1-art06

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no1-art06

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2016-no1-art06.pdf

 
QUALITY OF AN ACADEMIC STUDY PROGRAMME - EVALUATION MODEL Print E-mail

Mirna Macur

Abstract

Quality of an academic study programme is evaluated by many: employees (internal evaluation) and by external evaluators: experts, agencies and organisations. Internal and external evaluation of an academic programme follow written structure that resembles on one of the quality models. We believe the quality models (mostly derived from EFQM excellence model) don’t fit very well into non-profit activities, policies and programmes, because they are much more complex than environment, from which quality models derive from (for example assembly line). Quality of an academic study programme is very complex and understood differently by various stakeholders, so we present dimensional evaluation in the article. Dimensional evaluation, as opposed to component and holistic evaluation, is a form of analytical evaluation in which the quality of value of the evaluand is determined by looking at its performance on multiple dimensions of merit or evaluation criteria. First stakeholders of a study programme and their views, expectations and interests are presented, followed by evaluation criteria. They are both joined into the evaluation model revealing which evaluation criteria can and should be evaluated by which stakeholder. Main research questions are posed and research method for each dimension listed.

Key words: evaluation model, dimensional evaluation, quality of a study programme

Mirna Macur, Ph.D. is a researcher at National Institute of Public Health, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Cite this article:
Macur Mirna. QUALITY OF AN ACADEMIC STUDY PROGRAMME - EVALUATION MODEL. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.9, no.1:112-129, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no1-art07

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no1-art07

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2016-no1-art07.pdf

 
MODUS OPERANDI OF SLOVENIAN RADIO BROADCASTERS IN TRANSMISSION OF THEIR PROGRAMME CONTENTS IN THE PERIOD FROM 2004 TO 2014 Print E-mail

Robi Brglez Dejan Jelovac

Abstract

Accelerated trends of digitalisation and media convergence contribute to an increasingly important role of radio in modern society. In the last decade, we have seen in the field of radio broadcasting in the Republic of Slovenia an overwhelming expansion of radio broadcasters who acquired the radio broadcasting licences. The topic of this paper are issued radio broadcasting licences and granted statuses of station of special importance within radio broadcasting activity. Based on our own research of secondary data obtained from the documentation of co-regulators in the field of broadcasting for the period from 2004 to 2014, we attempted to identify the modus operandi of radio broadcasters in their everyday practice after acquiring the licences and statuses. Findings of our  research indicate that the radio broadcasters over the period considered have often changed programme-related requirements and limitations resulting from their licences and the Mass Media Act, while broadcasting and distributing programming contents. In comparison with the modification of licences, they did not transfer the broadcasting right to another legal entity so frequently. It has been also established that the regulator in ten cases temporarily had revoked the broadcasting licences or decided to withdraw the statuses, because the irregularities were detected during expert supervision. The authors set out proposals for the improvement of the situation in the subject field, based on the obtained results. They consider that it could be a challenge for all broadcasting stakeholders, who however have to tackle the elimination of the multi-annual delay of the harmonisation of the broadcasting sector with the standards of European Union. According to the results of the present study, the stakeholders cannot be satisfied with the situation in Slovenian media landscape and with its development nowadays.

Keywords: radiobroadcasting licence, status of a station of special importance, radiobroadcasting activity, expert supervision, media legislation.

Robi Brglez, Master of Arts in Intercultural Management is the Secretary of the Broadcasting Council of the Republic of Slovenija, Ljubljana; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
 

Prof. Dr. Dejan Jelovac is Full Professor of organisational sciences and business ethics at School of Advanced Social Studies, Nova Gorica, Faculty of Media; Faculty of Business Studies in Ljubljana and Faculty of Information Studies in Novo mesto, Slovenia, and the president of the Broadcasting Council of the Republic of Slovenia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Cite this article:

Robi Brglez, Dejan Jelovac. MODUS OPERANDI OF SLOVENIAN RADIO BROADCASTERS IN TRANSMISSION OF THEIR PROGRAMME CONTENTS IN THE PERIOD FROM 2004 TO 2014. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.9, no.1:130-162, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no1-art08

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no1-art08

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2016-no1-art08.pdf

 

 
MEASURING THE QUALITY OF THE HIGH EDUCATION IN THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA Print E-mail

 

Elizabeta Mitreva, Nako Taskov2Milos Petkov, Hristijan Gjorshevski

Abstract

The question of quality of private and public high educational institutions in the Republic of Macedonia is being asked every academic year and results in numerous public debates which very often lead to stereotyping of individual institutions. This paper provides a comparative overview of the situation in the private and public high education system in the country through the analysis of subjective and objective indicators based on which a comparison is made between two types of high education institutions. The instruments used in the comparative analysis of subjective and objective indicators are statistical data, application of the SWOT method for comparative analysis between the units, as well as usage of various methods and techniques to improve the quality of high education. This comparative analysis raises questions and offers recommendations for the potential improvement of the quality of work of these institutions. The intent is to encourage continuous comparative evaluation and proposing practices for continuous development and growth of quality in the high education in the country.

Keywords: Bologna Declaration, Reforms, Education System, Higher Education, Republic of Macedonia.

Elizabeta Mitreva, PhD, professor at Faculty of Tourism and Business Logistics, University "Goce Delcev" - Stip, Macedonia, E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it  
 

Nako Taskov, PhD, professor at Faculty of Tourism and Business Logistics, University "Goce Delcev" - Stip, Macedonia, E -mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Milos Petkov, student at Faculty of Tourism and Business Logistics, “Goce Delcev” University - Shtip, Macedonia. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Hristijan Gjorshevski, student at Faculty of Computer Science and Engineering (FCSE), UKIM, Skopje. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

 

 

Cite this article:
Mitreva Elizabeta, et. al. . MEASURING THE QUALITY OF THE HIGH EDUCATION IN THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.9, no.1:163-180, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no1-art09

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no1-art09

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2016-no1-art09.pdf

 

 
THE POLITICAL COMPETITION OF MINORITY PARTIES IN SLOVAKIA: THE DECLINE OF POLITICAL INFLUENCE OF PARTIES REPRESENTING THE HUNGARIAN MINORITY Print E-mail

 

Jaroslav Mihálik, Viera Žúborová 

Abstract

The political parties representing Hungarian minority in Slovakia have always played significant role in the Slovak party system which had been closely associated with the substantive number of ethnic Hungarians living in the country. Hungarian speaking minority had constituted approximately 8-10% of the total population since 1993. The parliamentary elections in Slovakia in 2010 and 2012 revealed the differentiation of the electoral success of traditional and newly emerged political parties that essentially consider the Hungarian voters in Slovakia. This evolution and the context of the theoretical grounding of ethnic minority parties (outbidding model by Donald Horowitz and categorization of ethnic parties by Kanchan Chandra) made it a new source for research of the party competition in terms of Slovakia.

The authors argue in multiple dimensions: What are the current perspectives and position of ethnic minority parties in Slovakia? To what extent are these parties able to attract minority voters, and do they correspond to the profile of traditional minority party? Hereby, we present and explain the electoral manifestos of two minority parties and analyze their contents. The authors´ assumption is tested through the content analysis of the party programs and evaluation of the electoral results of the respective political parties.

Key words: minority parties, political competition, elections, Slovakia, Most-Híd, SMK

PhDr. Jaroslav Mihálik, PhD. is an Assistant Professor at the University of Ss. Cyril and Methodius, Trnava, Slovakia (Faculty of Social Sciences). His major domains of research include minority studies, youth studies, nationalism and extremism. Contact: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

 

PhDr. Viera Žúborová, Ph.D. is an Assistant Professor at the University of Ss. Cyril and Methodius, Trnava, Slovakia (Faculty of Social Sciences). Her major domains of research include political and party communication, transformational studies. Contact: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

 

 

Cite this article:
Mihálik Jaroslav, Žúborová Viera. THE POLITICAL COMPETITION OF MINORITY PARTIES IN SLOVAKIA: THE DECLINE OF POLITICAL INFLUENCE OF PARTIES REPRESENTING THE HUNGARIAN MINORITY. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.9, no.1:181-207, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no1-art10

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no1-art10

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2016-no1-art10.pdf

 

 
THE INFLUENCE OF SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP ON THE INCREASE OF SOCIAL INCLUSION IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA Print E-mail

 

Anita Šimundža, Jožica Knez-Riedl, and Vesna Čančer

Abstract

Social entrepreneurship is an idea that has awakened much interest in recent decades, because it is based on different approaches of classical economic understanding. Initiatives of social entrepreneurship are always associated with humane ideas, aiming at the general social well-being, as opposed to traditional entrepreneurship, in which the profit is the primary goal and the main measure of success.

Human Development Report: Social Inclusion in Bosnia and Herzegovina showed that over 50% of the population was socially excluded, on various grounds. Among the most vulnerable were the persons with disabilities and young people. Bearing in mind these facts, the main goal of our research was to explore and to present possibilities for overcoming social exclusion through highlighting the influence of the development of small and medium enterprises on the increase of social inclusion. The research included a survey among 20 institutions related to the field of social entrepreneurship, 100 non-governmental organizations and 100 small and medium enterprises. By using simple logarithmic regression, we partially confirmed that development of small and medium enterprises significantly influences the increase of social inclusion in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

 

Key words: social entrepreneurship, social enterprises, persons with disabilities, young people, social inclusion

Anita Šimundža, MSc, Independent Advisor for Coordination, Education and Cooperation at the Gender Centre of the Government of the Republic of Srpska; Research field: social entrepreneurship; ( This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it )

Jožica Knez-Riedl, PhD, Full Professor, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Maribor; Research field: business economics, environmental economics, social responsibility; ( This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it )

Vesna Čančer, PhD, Associate Professor of quantitative methods in business science, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Maribor;  ( This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it )

 

 

 

Cite this article:
Šimundža Anita, Knez-Riedl Čančer, Vesna . THE INFLUENCE OF SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP ON THE INCREASE OF SOCIAL INCLUSION IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.9, no.1:208-230, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no1-art11

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no1-art11

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2016-no1-art11.pdf

 

 
PHYSICAL SELF-PERCEPTIONS AND SELF-ESTEEM IN RELATION TO BODY MASS STATUS AMONG FEMALE ADOLESCENTS Print E-mail

Petra Dolenc

Abstract

The purpose of the study was to examine the physical self-concept and self-esteem in adolescent girls aged between 13 and 18 years in relation to their body mass status. The Slovenian version of the Self-Description Questionnaire (PSDQ) was used to determine the multidimensional physical self-concept among participants. The results indicated that overweight girls reported greater body dissatisfaction in terms self-perceived body fat and physical appearance compared to normal-weight girls. Overweight girls also achieved significantly lower scores in the self-perceived physical abilities, as well as global physical-self and self-esteem than normal-weight peers. As expected, underweight girls reported the lowest amount of body fat. Moreover, they reported lower levels of physical activity than normal-weight peers and had less physical strength compared to the other body mass index categories. The findings has significant implications for the work with adolescent girls in terms of developing appropriate educational intervention and physical education programmes aimed towards reinforcing and increasing self-esteem and promoting active lifestyle.

Key words: adolescents, females, body mass index, physical self-concept.

Petra Dolenc, PhD is an Assistant Professor at the University of Primorska, Faculty of Education. Contact address: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Cite this article:
Dolenc Petra. PHYSICAL SELF-PERCEPTIONS AND SELF-ESTEEM IN RELATION TO BODY MASS STATUS AMONG FEMALE ADOLESCENTS. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.9, no.1:231-241, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no1-art12

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no1-art12

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2016-no1-art12.pdf

 
REGIONAL INNOVATION PERFORMANCE: MEASURING DEVELOPMENT IN CULTURAL, SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC PERSPECTIVES Print E-mail