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Milan Ambrož[1], Mirjam Gartner[2] 


This study aimed to reveal the factors that define the change or continuity of lifestyle of older adults after retirement. Grounded theory was the basis for examining the attitudes and experiences of 9 semi-structured interviews. Analysing the interviews, "life satisfaction" was set as a major category followed by four sub-categories: "social relations", "activity changes and slows down", the meaning of life", and "healthy lifestyle". The participants in the study have life satisfaction as the main goal. They associate it with quality social relations with family and significant others and replacing or adding new activities to their lifestyle.

Slowing down the pace of their actions enables enough time to think about the meaning of life and can lead to a healthy and successful life. However, changes following retirement can negatively influence participants' life satisfaction or even push them to a negative view of life in old age. Therefore, the study suggests that older adults should plan for changes in their lifestyle after retirement to preserve life satisfaction and lead a healthy and satisfying life in old age. 

Keywords: Life satisfaction, Lifestyle, Healthy Living, Organization, Social relations, meaning of life, Activities 

 [1] Dr. Milan Ambrož, professor emeritus, ECM, Maribor, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it


[2] Mirjam Gartner, Mirjam Gartner s.p. This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Cite this article:

Ambrož Milan, Gartner Mirjam. LIFESTYLE CHANGES OF OLDER ADULTS AND SATISFACTION WITH LIFE. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.16:6-30,

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7605628
View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2023-art1.pdf



Saša Zupan Korže, Matjaž Škabar, Sonja Sibila Lebe


The purpose of this paper is to explore how small hotel entrepreneurs measure performance of their small tourist accommodation business. Empirical research was carried out in Slovenia from May 2014 until June 2015. Data were collected in 62 in-depth semi-structured personal interviews with small hotel entrepreneurs and managers. Qualitative data were analysed by using the method of content analysis. The results show that when monitoring the performance and assessing the success of their small hotels entrepreneurs apply up to five performance measures and combine economic and noneconomic ones. Additionally, entrepreneurs perceive the success of their business also through their own satisfaction.

Key words: performance measures, SMEs in tourism, hospitality entrepreneurship, tourist accommodation, small hotels

[1] Saša Zupan Korže, Ph.D., assistant professor, is a lecturer (of law, tourism, hospitality, economics, entrepreneurship), researcher, consultant and entrepreneur.

[2] Matjaž Škabar, PH.D., assistant professor, is a lecturer (of economics, business finance and …), a Dean of  Erudio Business School and entrepreneur

[3] Sonja Sibila Lebe, Ph. D., associate professor, is a lecturer (of …), a researcher and the head of …

Cite this article:
Zupan Korže Saša, Škabar Matjaž, Sibila Lebe Sonja. PERFORMANCE MEASURES IN HOSPITALITY ENTREPRENEURSHIP . Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol., no.:344-362,

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5718582
View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2021-no-art20.pdf


Gregor Garb


The contemporary international security environment can be described as a rapid and fundamentally changing environment, which is subject to unpredictable changes with global dimensions. The consequences of globalization processes and their responses have further on increased its coherence, complexity and uncertainty. Due to the emergence of various forms of rivalry between large and regional powers, its multipolar character is globally strengthened.In the modern security paradigm, the synergistic links between many risks and threats, which can grow from completely non-hazardous and locally isolated and irreconcilable to purely realistic, are not negligible, mainly due to their abundance and general globalization trends. As a rule, their bearers are non-state actors, however they are complex in nature, often difficult to predict and can have multiple characters and effects.

In such an interdependent, complex and conflicting international environment, today, no country can guarantee its national security on its own. Multinational partnerships, regional cooperation, response within the international rules-based and multilateralism system are one of the key factors in responding to the challenges of globalized security.

The EU is also contributing its share of approaches to global challenges through its global strategy. In addition to its traditional soft power, it highlights other priorities in terms of policies and instruments.

Keywords: Globalizing Security, Contemporary Security Paradigm, Multilateralism, European Union.

Gregor Garb, Ph.D. is an assistant professor, researcher and consultant ( This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it )

Cite this article:
Gregor Garb. THE COMPLEXITY OF SECURITY PERCEPTION . Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.13, no.3:6-17, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2020-no3-art1

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2020-no3-art1


View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2020-no3-art1.pdf


Tadej Praprotnik


The article presents the phenomena of social network sites as a modern and important framework for communication and establishing relationships. The article therefore presents some global trends characteristic for modern society. One of the major driving forces within social network sites is so-called networked individualism. Our society is network society, so networking is one of the basic organizational principles. The article problematizes communication practices within social network sites and presents some explanations. The article presents comparison between early text based (anonymous) on-line communication (chat-rooms and discussion forums), which were more topic-oriented and current networking and communication via social network sites, which are more personal–oriented (Me-Centered Society). The major shift is from communication toward networking. Networking presupposes lots of networked and connected people. This has influence toward communication practices; because it is difficult to maintain deep and content rich communication with lots of individuals, the phatic function of communication is prevailing. Within social network sites different types of information are exchanged. The motivation to be nice and conflict–avoidant influence upon what kind of information and what kind of communication we are looking for. The prevalence of “light” information is just one characteristic. As a consequence the article also stresses the potential danger in case individuals build their knowledge mostly or solely upon information recommended by their Facebook friends.

Key words: social network sites, communication, networked individualism, Facebook, phatic communion

Tadej Praprotnik, PhD is an Assistant Professor at the University of Primorska (The Faculty of Humanities). Contact email address: pratadej (at) gmail.com

 Cite this article:
Tadej Praprotnik. WHAT'S UP? NOT SO MUCH. NETWORKING AND COMMUNICATION VIA SOCIAL NETWORK SITES. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.11, no.3:5-97, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2018-no3-art1

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2018-no3-art1

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2018-no3-art1.pdf





Aleksandar Ilievski, Igor Bernik


The purpose of the study is to highlight the main issues of developing countries regarding cybercrime and examine the possible link between weak economic development and escalating levels of cybercrime. The findings were established on the basis of literature review, comparative studies and the synthesis of findings. The existing sociological theories of crime are not limited to traditional crime and may be used for the interpretation of its cyber version. By analysing individual sociological theories and the results of empirical research, we found that social-economic factors, such as GDP per capita, unemployment and education, are closely related to the incidence of cybercrime in different countries. This enables us to conclude that the relatively poor economic development is one of the reasons contributing to a higher incidence of cybercrime in Eastern European countries. By taking into account factors of different nature, one could increase the understanding of cybercrime and the possibility of adopting and implementing reliable preventive measures. However, this paper strives not only to understand the factors related to cybercrime, but also to raise awareness, stimulate a proactive approach and develop preventive actions in the fight against cybercrime.

Keywords: social-economic aspects, cybercrime, economic development.

Aleksandar Ilievski, Ph.D. candidate at the Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security, University of Maribor, Slovenia. His research fields are cybercrime, cyber security and combating cybercrime. Contact address: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Igor Bernik, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Information Security and the Head of the Information Security Department at the Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security, University of Maribor, Slovenia. His research fields are information systems, cybersecurity, cyberwarfare, cyberterrorism and the growing requirements for cybersecurity awareness. Contact address: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Cite this article:
Ilievski Aleksandar, Bernik Igor. SOCIAL-ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF CYBERCRIME. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.9, no.3:8-22, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no3-art1

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no3-art1

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2016-no3-art1.pdf 

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