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AIRBNB AND UBER: LEGAL PLATFORM BUT ILLEGAL NETWORKED BUSINESS Print E-mail

 Saša Zupan Korže

 Abstract

Airbnb’s and Uber's popularity and scope of their networked business has significantly grown in the last few years. Both companies are engaged in sectors, which are regulated. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the legal issues related to Airbnb networked hospitality business and to Uber's networked transport business, with focus on EU member states solutions and Slovenian approach. The research was carried out from July 2017 to March 2018. We used the method of content analysis of secondary sources, methods of compilation and comparisons, analyses of qualitative data, collected in semi-structures interviews and explanatory case studies. The results show that Airbnb and Uber have become victims of their own success. The hospitality and transport business that participants perform using Airbnb or Uber platform do not comply with sectorial regulation of majority of EU member states. European Commission suggested some guidelines to solve the issues related with networked businesses. Moreover, European Court of Justice pointed out the exact solution on Uber's case. The research opens a debate on legal issues related to new technology-based business models and questions the rationale that stand behind legal solutions.

Keywords: networked business, P2P platforms, Airbnb, Uber, sharing economy, regulation

Saša Zupan Korže, Ph.D. is a lecturer (of law, tourism, economics and entrepreneurship), researcher and consultant.
 

 

 

Cite this article:
Zupan Korže Saša. AIRBNB AND UBER: LEGAL PLATFORM BUT ILLEGAL NETWORKED BUSINESS. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.10, no.2:-, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2018-no2-art1

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2018-no2-art1

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2018-no2-art1.pdf

 

 
SOCIAL-ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF CYBERCRIME Print E-mail

Aleksandar Ilievski, Igor Bernik

Abstract

The purpose of the study is to highlight the main issues of developing countries regarding cybercrime and examine the possible link between weak economic development and escalating levels of cybercrime. The findings were established on the basis of literature review, comparative studies and the synthesis of findings. The existing sociological theories of crime are not limited to traditional crime and may be used for the interpretation of its cyber version. By analysing individual sociological theories and the results of empirical research, we found that social-economic factors, such as GDP per capita, unemployment and education, are closely related to the incidence of cybercrime in different countries. This enables us to conclude that the relatively poor economic development is one of the reasons contributing to a higher incidence of cybercrime in Eastern European countries. By taking into account factors of different nature, one could increase the understanding of cybercrime and the possibility of adopting and implementing reliable preventive measures. However, this paper strives not only to understand the factors related to cybercrime, but also to raise awareness, stimulate a proactive approach and develop preventive actions in the fight against cybercrime.

Keywords: social-economic aspects, cybercrime, economic development.

Aleksandar Ilievski, Ph.D. candidate at the Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security, University of Maribor, Slovenia. His research fields are cybercrime, cyber security and combating cybercrime. Contact address: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Igor Bernik, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Information Security and the Head of the Information Security Department at the Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security, University of Maribor, Slovenia. His research fields are information systems, cybersecurity, cyberwarfare, cyberterrorism and the growing requirements for cybersecurity awareness. Contact address: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Cite this article:
Ilievski Aleksandar, Bernik Igor. SOCIAL-ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF CYBERCRIME. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.9, no.3:8-22, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no3-art1

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no3-art1

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2016-no3-art1.pdf 

 
BUILDING A UNIVERSITY FOUNDERS ORIENTED SPIN-OFF RESEARCH FRAMEWORK Print E-mail

Dolores Modic

Abstract

To understand the impact of university founders on (university) spin-offs' success, we must first understand the roles (and functions) of founders, how university founders move through different roles and what is their level of engagement. In the present article I build a university founders oriented research framework; first offering a literature review, next looking at different roles of founders and delving in specific into two issues (lock-out vs. exit strategies and hands on vs. hands off approach). Lastly, I dedicate myself to developing a university oriented spin-off development framework that takes into account various development stages of university spin-offs.

Key words: university spin-offs, spin-offs, academic entrepreneurs, university founders, roles

Dolores Modic is a Fulbright Scholar at University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and an Assistant Professor at the Faculty of Information Studies (dolores.modic (at) fuds.si).
 

Cite this article:
Modic Dolores. BUILDING A UNIVERSITY FOUNDERS ORIENTED SPIN-OFF RESEARCH FRAMEWORK. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.8, no.3:148-169, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2015-no3-art08

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2015-no3-art08

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2015-no3-art08.pdf

 
TRANSITION OF YOUTH WITH DISABILITIES FROM EDUCATION TO LABOUR MARKET IN SLOVENIA Print E-mail

 

Aleksandra Tabaj, Tatjana Dolinšek, Črtomir Bitenc

Abstract

The purpose of the article is to present the transition of youth with disabilities from education to labour market in Slovenia. The article introduces the European Social Fund project “Transition”, provided by the partnership of Racio, University Rehabilitation Institute and Auris, operated from 2010 to 2013. The Transition project was intended for two target groups: youth with disabilities in the education process, with the aim to achieve their integration from education to the labour market, and for professionals who provide the transition. Young people in Europe have been facing increasing uncertainty in the labour market. The labour market transition for youth, and especially for youth with disabilities, is a very demanding question. Policymakers and experts in the European Union have therefore developed programs for social inclusion, improved access, achievement and integration of young people with disabilities into the labour market. Youth unemployment during economic crises has increased in all parts of the world, with the impact of prolonging the duration of unemployment. The transition of young people with disabilities from school to the labour market in Slovenia is not integrally and adequately organised. A support system should be introduced to monitor young people with disabilities while they are still at school and prepare them for entering the labour market. After finishing school, a model of transition from school to work is proposed to prevent unemployment.

Key words: disability, transition, education, labour market

Aleksandra Tabaj, Ph.D. is the head of the Development Centre of Employment Rehabilitation at University Rehabilitation Institute Republic of Slovenia. Contact: aleksandra.tabaj (at) ir-rs.si

Tatjana Dolinšek. M.Sc. is directress of the Racio Social Institute for Development of Social and Employment programme in Slovenia. Contact: tatjana.dolinsek (at) racio.si

Črtomir Bitenc is developmental researcher at the Development Centre of Employment Rehabilitation University Rehabilitation Institute Republic of Slovenia. Contact: crtomir.bitenc (at) ir-rs.si

 

Cite this article:
Tabaj Aleksandra, Dolinšek Tatjana, Bitenc Črtomir. TRANSITION OF YOUTH WITH DISABILITIES FROM EDUCATION TO LABOUR MARKET IN SLOVENIA. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.7, no.3:8-22, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2014-no3-art01

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2014-no3-art01

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2014-no3-art01.pdf

 

 

 
TO FEAR OR NOT TO FEAR ON CYBERCRIME Print E-mail

Igor Bernik , Bojan Dobovšek , Blaž Markelj

Abstract

To understand cybercrime and its various forms, one must be familiar with criminality in general. How individuals perceive crime, and how much they fear it is further influenced by news media (Crawford, 2007). Van Duyne (2009), who monitored criminality, wrote about changes which started to be noticed twenty years ago and have shaped a new Europe, a territory without inner borders, and so with more mobility and opportunities for the Europeans. But these novelties and changes in the way we work have also caused certain new problems. It can be said that perpetrators of crimes, who are no longer hindered by state borders, now know no geographical limitations. Vander Baken and Van Daele (2009), for example, have researched mobility in connection to transnational criminality. Von Lampe (2007) has established that perpetrators no longer act individually, but frequently work in cooperation with one another. Crime and mobility are being “greased” by money, and have become a part of everyday life (Van Duyne, 2009). An individual’s perception and understanding of criminality is also biased on certain cultural myths in regard to crime (Meško and Eman, 2009).

Keywords: Cybercrime, Perception, Fear, Threats, Opinion

Igor Bernik, Ph.D. is an Assistant Professor at the Faculty of Criminal justice and Security and Vice Dean for Academic Affairs (igor.bernik (at) fvv.uni-mb.si)
Bojan Dobovšek, Ph.D. is an Associate Professor at the Faculty of Criminal justice and Security and Vice Dean for Research (bojan.dobovsek (at) fvv.uni-mb.si)
Blaž Markelj is a Lecturer at the Faculty of Criminal justice and Security (blaz.markelj (at) fvv.uni-mb.si)

Cite this article:
Bernik Igor, Dobovšek Bojan, Markelj Blaž. TO FEAR OR NOT TO FEAR ON CYBERCRIME. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.3:7-17, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art01

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art01

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2013-no3-art01.pdf

 
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