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COST-BENEFIT STUDY OF SLOVENIAN COMPANIES EMPLOYING PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES: IS EMPLOYING PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES BENEFICIAL FOR THE STATE? Print E-mail

Aleksandra Tabaj, Tatjana Brumnič-Smrekar

Abstract

The article presents a cost-benefit study of financing companies employing persons with disabilities, which are a part of social economy in Slovenia. The main objective was to find out financial inputs and outputs for those companies in relation to state-aid. An overview has been prepared regarding the state-aid benefits compared to taxes paid by companies employing persons with disabilities. These companies have existed in Slovenia for more than 65 years. First companies employing persons with disabilities were established in the 1950s and their status was originally determined in the Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment of Disabled Persons Act. In 2016 they employed more than 11.000 persons in Slovenia and are complementary to other options for employment of persons with disabilities in the open labour market.

Key words: persons with disabilities, employment, companies employing persons with disabilities, cost-benefit, state-aid.

Aleksandra Tabaj, PhD is the head of the Development Centre of Vocational Rehabilitation at University Rehabilitation Institute, Republic of Slovenia (aleksandra.tabaj (at) ir-rs.si)

Tatjana Brumnič-Smrekar is the secretary of the Alliance of Companies Employing Disabled People of Slovenia (tatjana.brumnic(at)s5.net)

Cite this article:
Aleksandra Tabaj, Tatjana Brumnič-Smrekar. COST-BENEFIT STUDY OF SLOVENIAN COMPANIES EMPLOYING PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES: IS EMPLOYING PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES BENEFICIAL FOR THE STATE?. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.10, no.3:7-20, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2017-no3-art1

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2017-no3-art1

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2017-no3-art1.pdf

 
SOCIAL-ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF CYBERCRIME Print E-mail

Aleksandar Ilievski, Igor Bernik

Abstract

The purpose of the study is to highlight the main issues of developing countries regarding cybercrime and examine the possible link between weak economic development and escalating levels of cybercrime. The findings were established on the basis of literature review, comparative studies and the synthesis of findings. The existing sociological theories of crime are not limited to traditional crime and may be used for the interpretation of its cyber version. By analysing individual sociological theories and the results of empirical research, we found that social-economic factors, such as GDP per capita, unemployment and education, are closely related to the incidence of cybercrime in different countries. This enables us to conclude that the relatively poor economic development is one of the reasons contributing to a higher incidence of cybercrime in Eastern European countries. By taking into account factors of different nature, one could increase the understanding of cybercrime and the possibility of adopting and implementing reliable preventive measures. However, this paper strives not only to understand the factors related to cybercrime, but also to raise awareness, stimulate a proactive approach and develop preventive actions in the fight against cybercrime.

Keywords: social-economic aspects, cybercrime, economic development.

Aleksandar Ilievski, Ph.D. candidate at the Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security, University of Maribor, Slovenia. His research fields are cybercrime, cyber security and combating cybercrime. Contact address: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Igor Bernik, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Information Security and the Head of the Information Security Department at the Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security, University of Maribor, Slovenia. His research fields are information systems, cybersecurity, cyberwarfare, cyberterrorism and the growing requirements for cybersecurity awareness. Contact address: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Cite this article:
Ilievski Aleksandar, Bernik Igor. SOCIAL-ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF CYBERCRIME. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.9, no.3:8-22, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no3-art1

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no3-art1

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2016-no3-art1.pdf 

 
BUILDING A UNIVERSITY FOUNDERS ORIENTED SPIN-OFF RESEARCH FRAMEWORK Print E-mail

Dolores Modic

Abstract

To understand the impact of university founders on (university) spin-offs' success, we must first understand the roles (and functions) of founders, how university founders move through different roles and what is their level of engagement. In the present article I build a university founders oriented research framework; first offering a literature review, next looking at different roles of founders and delving in specific into two issues (lock-out vs. exit strategies and hands on vs. hands off approach). Lastly, I dedicate myself to developing a university oriented spin-off development framework that takes into account various development stages of university spin-offs.

Key words: university spin-offs, spin-offs, academic entrepreneurs, university founders, roles

Dolores Modic is a Fulbright Scholar at University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and an Assistant Professor at the Faculty of Information Studies (dolores.modic (at) fuds.si).
 

Cite this article:
Modic Dolores. BUILDING A UNIVERSITY FOUNDERS ORIENTED SPIN-OFF RESEARCH FRAMEWORK. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.8, no.3:148-169, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2015-no3-art08

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2015-no3-art08

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2015-no3-art08.pdf

 
TRANSITION OF YOUTH WITH DISABILITIES FROM EDUCATION TO LABOUR MARKET IN SLOVENIA Print E-mail

 

Aleksandra Tabaj, Tatjana Dolinšek, Črtomir Bitenc

Abstract

The purpose of the article is to present the transition of youth with disabilities from education to labour market in Slovenia. The article introduces the European Social Fund project “Transition”, provided by the partnership of Racio, University Rehabilitation Institute and Auris, operated from 2010 to 2013. The Transition project was intended for two target groups: youth with disabilities in the education process, with the aim to achieve their integration from education to the labour market, and for professionals who provide the transition. Young people in Europe have been facing increasing uncertainty in the labour market. The labour market transition for youth, and especially for youth with disabilities, is a very demanding question. Policymakers and experts in the European Union have therefore developed programs for social inclusion, improved access, achievement and integration of young people with disabilities into the labour market. Youth unemployment during economic crises has increased in all parts of the world, with the impact of prolonging the duration of unemployment. The transition of young people with disabilities from school to the labour market in Slovenia is not integrally and adequately organised. A support system should be introduced to monitor young people with disabilities while they are still at school and prepare them for entering the labour market. After finishing school, a model of transition from school to work is proposed to prevent unemployment.

Key words: disability, transition, education, labour market

Aleksandra Tabaj, Ph.D. is the head of the Development Centre of Employment Rehabilitation at University Rehabilitation Institute Republic of Slovenia. Contact: aleksandra.tabaj (at) ir-rs.si

Tatjana Dolinšek. M.Sc. is directress of the Racio Social Institute for Development of Social and Employment programme in Slovenia. Contact: tatjana.dolinsek (at) racio.si

Črtomir Bitenc is developmental researcher at the Development Centre of Employment Rehabilitation University Rehabilitation Institute Republic of Slovenia. Contact: crtomir.bitenc (at) ir-rs.si

 

Cite this article:
Tabaj Aleksandra, Dolinšek Tatjana, Bitenc Črtomir. TRANSITION OF YOUTH WITH DISABILITIES FROM EDUCATION TO LABOUR MARKET IN SLOVENIA. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.7, no.3:8-22, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2014-no3-art01

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2014-no3-art01

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2014-no3-art01.pdf

 

 

 
THE CONSOLIDATION OF NATIONAL PARLIAMENTS WITHIN AN ENLARGING EU Print E-mail

Muiris MacCarthaigh

Abstract
As national parliaments emerged in the context of national states rather than international organisations, fulfilling functions demanded by virtue of European Union membership challenges their traditional modus operandi, especially in the field of legislative oversight. Considerable attention has been given as to how best national parliaments might adapt and expand their oversight capacity in order to examine EU legislation and policy, thus underwriting the legitimacy of the expanding Union’s work. This debate raises fundamental questions concerning the responsibilities not only of national parliaments, but also of the various other institutions employed by the Union. As well as considering this issue, this article also interrogates how best we can conceptualise the role of national parliaments within the new modes of governance inspired by the demands of EU membership. To begin, the paper considers how the contemporary analysis of European legislatures has developed.

Keywords: Parliaments, EU, Accountability, Committees, Legislation

PhD. Muiris MacCarthaigh is a Research Officer at the Institute of Public Administration in
Dublin, Ireland. An earlier version of this paper appeared in Administration Vol. 54 (3),
2006, pp. 69-94

Cite this article:
MacCarthaigh Muiris. The consolidation of national parliaments within an enlarging EU. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.1, no.1:5-31, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2008-no1-art01

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2008-no1-art01

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2008-no1-art01.pdf

 
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