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COST-BENEFIT STUDY OF SLOVENIAN COMPANIES EMPLOYING PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES: IS EMPLOYING PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES BENEFICIAL FOR THE STATE? Print E-mail

Aleksandra Tabaj, Tatjana Brumnič-Smrekar

Abstract

The article presents a cost-benefit study of financing companies employing persons with disabilities, which are a part of social economy in Slovenia. The main objective was to find out financial inputs and outputs for those companies in relation to state-aid. An overview has been prepared regarding the state-aid benefits compared to taxes paid by companies employing persons with disabilities. These companies have existed in Slovenia for more than 65 years. First companies employing persons with disabilities were established in the 1950s and their status was originally determined in the Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment of Disabled Persons Act. In 2016 they employed more than 11.000 persons in Slovenia and are complementary to other options for employment of persons with disabilities in the open labour market.

Key words: persons with disabilities, employment, companies employing persons with disabilities, cost-benefit, state-aid.

Aleksandra Tabaj, PhD is the head of the Development Centre of Vocational Rehabilitation at University Rehabilitation Institute, Republic of Slovenia (aleksandra.tabaj (at) ir-rs.si)

Tatjana Brumnič-Smrekar is the secretary of the Alliance of Companies Employing Disabled People of Slovenia (tatjana.brumnic(at)s5.net)

Cite this article:
Aleksandra Tabaj, Tatjana Brumnič-Smrekar. COST-BENEFIT STUDY OF SLOVENIAN COMPANIES EMPLOYING PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES: IS EMPLOYING PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES BENEFICIAL FOR THE STATE?. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.10, no.3:7-20, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2017-no3-art1

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2017-no3-art1

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2017-no3-art1.pdf

 
SOCIAL-ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF CYBERCRIME Print E-mail

Aleksandar Ilievski, Igor Bernik

Abstract

The purpose of the study is to highlight the main issues of developing countries regarding cybercrime and examine the possible link between weak economic development and escalating levels of cybercrime. The findings were established on the basis of literature review, comparative studies and the synthesis of findings. The existing sociological theories of crime are not limited to traditional crime and may be used for the interpretation of its cyber version. By analysing individual sociological theories and the results of empirical research, we found that social-economic factors, such as GDP per capita, unemployment and education, are closely related to the incidence of cybercrime in different countries. This enables us to conclude that the relatively poor economic development is one of the reasons contributing to a higher incidence of cybercrime in Eastern European countries. By taking into account factors of different nature, one could increase the understanding of cybercrime and the possibility of adopting and implementing reliable preventive measures. However, this paper strives not only to understand the factors related to cybercrime, but also to raise awareness, stimulate a proactive approach and develop preventive actions in the fight against cybercrime.

Keywords: social-economic aspects, cybercrime, economic development.

Aleksandar Ilievski, Ph.D. candidate at the Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security, University of Maribor, Slovenia. His research fields are cybercrime, cyber security and combating cybercrime. Contact address: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Igor Bernik, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Information Security and the Head of the Information Security Department at the Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security, University of Maribor, Slovenia. His research fields are information systems, cybersecurity, cyberwarfare, cyberterrorism and the growing requirements for cybersecurity awareness. Contact address: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Cite this article:
Ilievski Aleksandar, Bernik Igor. SOCIAL-ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF CYBERCRIME. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.9, no.3:8-22, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no3-art1

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no3-art1

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2016-no3-art1.pdf 

 
BUILDING A UNIVERSITY FOUNDERS ORIENTED SPIN-OFF RESEARCH FRAMEWORK Print E-mail

Dolores Modic

Abstract

To understand the impact of university founders on (university) spin-offs' success, we must first understand the roles (and functions) of founders, how university founders move through different roles and what is their level of engagement. In the present article I build a university founders oriented research framework; first offering a literature review, next looking at different roles of founders and delving in specific into two issues (lock-out vs. exit strategies and hands on vs. hands off approach). Lastly, I dedicate myself to developing a university oriented spin-off development framework that takes into account various development stages of university spin-offs.

Key words: university spin-offs, spin-offs, academic entrepreneurs, university founders, roles

Dolores Modic is a Fulbright Scholar at University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and an Assistant Professor at the Faculty of Information Studies (dolores.modic (at) fuds.si).
 

Cite this article:
Modic Dolores. BUILDING A UNIVERSITY FOUNDERS ORIENTED SPIN-OFF RESEARCH FRAMEWORK. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.8, no.3:148-169, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2015-no3-art08

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2015-no3-art08

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2015-no3-art08.pdf

 
TRANSITION OF YOUTH WITH DISABILITIES FROM EDUCATION TO LABOUR MARKET IN SLOVENIA Print E-mail

 

Aleksandra Tabaj, Tatjana Dolinšek, Črtomir Bitenc

Abstract

The purpose of the article is to present the transition of youth with disabilities from education to labour market in Slovenia. The article introduces the European Social Fund project “Transition”, provided by the partnership of Racio, University Rehabilitation Institute and Auris, operated from 2010 to 2013. The Transition project was intended for two target groups: youth with disabilities in the education process, with the aim to achieve their integration from education to the labour market, and for professionals who provide the transition. Young people in Europe have been facing increasing uncertainty in the labour market. The labour market transition for youth, and especially for youth with disabilities, is a very demanding question. Policymakers and experts in the European Union have therefore developed programs for social inclusion, improved access, achievement and integration of young people with disabilities into the labour market. Youth unemployment during economic crises has increased in all parts of the world, with the impact of prolonging the duration of unemployment. The transition of young people with disabilities from school to the labour market in Slovenia is not integrally and adequately organised. A support system should be introduced to monitor young people with disabilities while they are still at school and prepare them for entering the labour market. After finishing school, a model of transition from school to work is proposed to prevent unemployment.

Key words: disability, transition, education, labour market

Aleksandra Tabaj, Ph.D. is the head of the Development Centre of Employment Rehabilitation at University Rehabilitation Institute Republic of Slovenia. Contact: aleksandra.tabaj (at) ir-rs.si

Tatjana Dolinšek. M.Sc. is directress of the Racio Social Institute for Development of Social and Employment programme in Slovenia. Contact: tatjana.dolinsek (at) racio.si

Črtomir Bitenc is developmental researcher at the Development Centre of Employment Rehabilitation University Rehabilitation Institute Republic of Slovenia. Contact: crtomir.bitenc (at) ir-rs.si

 

Cite this article:
Tabaj Aleksandra, Dolinšek Tatjana, Bitenc Črtomir. TRANSITION OF YOUTH WITH DISABILITIES FROM EDUCATION TO LABOUR MARKET IN SLOVENIA. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.7, no.3:8-22, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2014-no3-art01

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2014-no3-art01

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2014-no3-art01.pdf

 

 

 
THE CONSOLIDATION OF NATIONAL PARLIAMENTS WITHIN AN ENLARGING EU Print E-mail

Muiris MacCarthaigh

Abstract
As national parliaments emerged in the context of national states rather than international organisations, fulfilling functions demanded by virtue of European Union membership challenges their traditional modus operandi, especially in the field of legislative oversight. Considerable attention has been given as to how best national parliaments might adapt and expand their oversight capacity in order to examine EU legislation and policy, thus underwriting the legitimacy of the expanding Union’s work. This debate raises fundamental questions concerning the responsibilities not only of national parliaments, but also of the various other institutions employed by the Union. As well as considering this issue, this article also interrogates how best we can conceptualise the role of national parliaments within the new modes of governance inspired by the demands of EU membership. To begin, the paper considers how the contemporary analysis of European legislatures has developed.

Keywords: Parliaments, EU, Accountability, Committees, Legislation

PhD. Muiris MacCarthaigh is a Research Officer at the Institute of Public Administration in
Dublin, Ireland. An earlier version of this paper appeared in Administration Vol. 54 (3),
2006, pp. 69-94

Cite this article:
MacCarthaigh Muiris. The consolidation of national parliaments within an enlarging EU. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.1, no.1:5-31, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2008-no1-art01

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2008-no1-art01

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2008-no1-art01.pdf

 
TO FEAR OR NOT TO FEAR ON CYBERCRIME Print E-mail

Igor Bernik , Bojan Dobovšek , Blaž Markelj

Abstract

To understand cybercrime and its various forms, one must be familiar with criminality in general. How individuals perceive crime, and how much they fear it is further influenced by news media (Crawford, 2007). Van Duyne (2009), who monitored criminality, wrote about changes which started to be noticed twenty years ago and have shaped a new Europe, a territory without inner borders, and so with more mobility and opportunities for the Europeans. But these novelties and changes in the way we work have also caused certain new problems. It can be said that perpetrators of crimes, who are no longer hindered by state borders, now know no geographical limitations. Vander Baken and Van Daele (2009), for example, have researched mobility in connection to transnational criminality. Von Lampe (2007) has established that perpetrators no longer act individually, but frequently work in cooperation with one another. Crime and mobility are being “greased” by money, and have become a part of everyday life (Van Duyne, 2009). An individual’s perception and understanding of criminality is also biased on certain cultural myths in regard to crime (Meško and Eman, 2009).

Keywords: Cybercrime, Perception, Fear, Threats, Opinion

Igor Bernik, Ph.D. is an Assistant Professor at the Faculty of Criminal justice and Security and Vice Dean for Academic Affairs (igor.bernik (at) fvv.uni-mb.si)
Bojan Dobovšek, Ph.D. is an Associate Professor at the Faculty of Criminal justice and Security and Vice Dean for Research (bojan.dobovsek (at) fvv.uni-mb.si)
Blaž Markelj is a Lecturer at the Faculty of Criminal justice and Security (blaz.markelj (at) fvv.uni-mb.si)

Cite this article:
Bernik Igor, Dobovšek Bojan, Markelj Blaž. TO FEAR OR NOT TO FEAR ON CYBERCRIME. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.3:7-17, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art01

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art01

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2013-no3-art01.pdf

 
THE ROLE OF GOVERNMENT IN PLANNING TOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN MACEDONIA Print E-mail

Biljana Petrevska

Abstract

As one of the fastest growing world industries, tourism has been detected as a source for benefiting to various sectors. Thus, each country insists on developing it and making a profit from its variety of impacts. This has been a priority task to all governments, particularly to small and developing countries as Macedonia. This paper addresses the role of government in its efforts for planning tourism development in Macedonia. Moreover, an attempt is made in assessing several key areas of governmental influence on tourism, like process of privatization, legislation, tourism promotion and fiscal policy. The paper performs different types of analyses based on available sources of secondary data and comparable quantities which are analysed by descriptive statistics. The data set generally covers a twenty year horizon and over. This empirical evidence underlines the importance of government actions as a prerequisite for well-established tourism planning process.

Key words: Tourism; Government; Tourism development; Macedonia.

Ph.D. Biljana Petrevska is an Assistant Professor at the “Goce Delcev” University - Stip, Faculty of Tourism and Business Logistics - Gevgelija, Republic of Macedonia (biljana.petrevska (at) ugd.edu.mk)

Cite this article:
Petrevska Biljana. THE ROLE OF GOVERNMENT IN PLANNING TOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN MACEDONIA. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.5, no.3:118-133, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2012-no3-art07

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2012-no3-art07 

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2012-no3-art07.pdf
 
EMPLOYMENT REHABILITATION DEVELOPMENTS, INNOVATIVE SOLUTIONS AND RESEARCHES IN SLOVENIA FOR PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES Print E-mail
Aleksandra Tabaj
 
Abstract
The purpose of an article is to present innovative solutions in the field of employment rehabilitation in Slovenia in last five years. The basis act for this field is Slovenian Act on Employment and Rehabilitation of Persons with Disabilities (2004). All solutions described are nationally defined on the level of legislation, this is of highest importance.
 
Several innovative solutions occurred in Slovenia in the last five years:
 
- Assessment of disability, based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, and its outcomes in ordinary employment, sheltered employment, supported employment and social inclusion programmes
- Social inclusion programmes for persons with disability who are not able to work
- Employment centres-sheltered employment, as new form of employment, for severely disabled persons
- The beginning of supported employment
- New model of employment rehabilitation network, combining employment rehabilitation providers and services, with standards of services
- Main evaluations of the system, carried through Development centre of employment rehabilitation, are presented in the text.
 

Keywords: disabilities, evaluation, employment rehabilitation

M.Sc. Aleksandra Tabaj – head of Development Centre of Employment Rehabilitation at University Rehabilitation Institute Republic of Slovenia ( This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it )

Cite this article:
Tabaj Aleksandra. Employment Rehabilitation Developments, Innovative Solutions and Researches in Slovenia for Persons with Disabilities. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.4, no.3:50-64, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2011-no3-art03

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2011-no3-art03 

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2011-no3-art03.pdf
 
TOWARDS THE SUSTAINABLE CONCEPT OF TOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN POSAVJE REGION IN SLOVENIA Print E-mail

Božidar Veljković, Milan Ambrož 

Abstract
This study examines the role of a sustainable natural and social environment and contextually developing tourism based on visiting tourist type in tourism development in Posavje region in Slovenia. Overall results suggest that local residents’ are generally satisfied with the tourism development. Their satisfaction is based on their quality of life the industry and cultural heritage that attract new tourists. Study reveals the fact that future tourism will be based on sustainable development where quality of life of the local residents has a primary role. The findings suggest that strong knowledge base about the tourists’ psychographics changes that could indicate the destination life cycle and help destination managers to design appropriate strategies.
 
Key words: local residents, tourism development, tourist type, sustainability, planning, knowledge base, behaviour pattern 

Božidar Veljković, Ph. D. is a lecturer at Višja komercialna šola Celje, Slovenia
 Milan Ambrož, Ph. D. is a project manager at B&B eduaction and trainig d.o.o., Kranj, Slovenia
 
Cite this article:
Veljković Božidar, Ambrož Milan. Towards the sustainable concept of tourism development in Posavje region in Slovenia. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.3, no.1:36-59, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2010-no1-art02

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2010-no1-art02

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2010-no1-art02.pdf

 
ANTITRUST IN TIMES OF FINANCIAL CRISIS Print E-mail

Anna Piszcz

Abstract

The author attempts to answer the question of whether there is any role for antitrust policy and legislation to play in an era of financial crisis. The author analyses trends regarding concentration control, as well as enforcement of other antitrust rules in times of crisis. In this paper the author deals also with the question of what impact a chosen antitrust policy may have for future antitrust enforcement. Finally, the author attempts to forecast the consequences of a chosen antitrust policy.

Keywords: antitrust, crisis, competition, failing firm
 
Anna Piszcz, Ph. D., is a lecturer at the Department of Public Commercial Law at the University of Bialystok, Poland.
 
Cite this article:
Piszcz Anna. Antitrust in times of financial crisis. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.2, no.3:5-16, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2009-no3-art01

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2009-no3-art01

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2009-no3-art01.pdf
 
EXAMINING THE LEVEL OF CORRELATIONS BETWEEN THE FACTORS OF ARTISTIC CREATIVITY IN PUPILS OF SLOVENIAN PRIMARY SCHOOLS Print E-mail

Jerneja Herzog, Nika Lopert , Matjaž Duh

Abstract

The article is based on research of fine arts creativity carried out among elementary school fifth-grade students. The introductory theoretical section addresses children’s fine arts development and analyses the very complex notion of fine arts creativity by defining its factors. The second part is an empirical study of fifth-grade students’ fine arts creative skills, based on an assessment of the correlation between the factors defining fine arts creativity. Both descriptive and non-experimental methods were used on a systematic random sample of 1364 Slovene fifth-grade students. The results showed statistically significant differences in the level of fine arts development between the two genders, with the girls being more successful than the boys. The same is true of elaboration as a factor of fine arts creativity. The analysis of linear associations showed some connections between the factors encouraging fine arts creativity and between those enabling it. The connection between these two groups of factors was also established.

Keywords: factors of creativity, correlations, visual art, primary school

PhD. Jerneja Herzog is the assistant professor on the Department of Fine Art, Faculty of Education, University of Maribor, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Nika Lopert, M.A., Department of Fine Art, Faculty of Education, University of Maribor, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

PhD. Matjaž Duh is the full professor on the Department of Elementary Education, Faculty of Education, University of Maribor, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Cite this article:
Herzog Jerneja, Nika Lopert, Duh Matjaž. EXAMINING THE LEVEL OF CORRELATIONS BETWEEN THE FACTORS OF ARTISTIC CREATIVITY IN PUPILS OF SLOVENIAN PRIMARY SCHOOLS. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.10, no.3:21-36, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2017-no3-art2

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2017-no3-art2

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2017-no3-art2.pdf

 

 
INTERNET ADDICTION – EMPIRICAL VERIFICATION FOR SLOVENIA Print E-mail

Mateja Gorenc, Borka Jerman Blažič, Anita Goltnik Urnaut

Abstract

The Internet has become an essential part of the day and the working lives of many people. Daily use of the Internet has the potential to become the worrying problem of the moment as some of Internet users begin to neglect their families, abandon hobbies, are late for work and, thus, lose contact with reality only to spend as much time as possible on the Internet. The aim of the research was to explore Internet addiction in Slovenia. We have designed a structural model to study Internet addiction. The research was conducted to collect data on Internet addiction. The sample surveys included employed people in Slovenia. Our results indicate a serious problem with Internet addiction. The predicted model in this study can be used for further research on Internet addiction.

Key words: Internet addiction, addiction to computer games, addiction to social networks, addiction to online shopping, addiction to pornographic content, addiction to sports betting and gambling, loneliness.

Mateja Gorenc, a doctoral student of Business Informatics, with a Master’s degree in Business studies and a university graduate in mathematics, employed in the sector of information technologies in the service of the programming and management of applications ( This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it )

Borka Jerman Blažič - Institut “Jožef Štefan” Ljubljana, Slovenia ( This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it )

Anita Goltnik Urnaut - Faculty of Commercial and Business Sciences Celje, Slovenia ( This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it )

Cite this article:
Gorenc Mateja, Jerman Blažič Borka, Goltnik Urnaut Anita. INTERNET ADDICTION – EMPIRICAL VERIFICATION FOR SLOVENIA. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.9, no.3:23-42, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no3-art2

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no3-art2

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2016-no3-art2.pdf

 

 
MANAGEMENT OF LOCAL FINANCES IN POLITICAL PERSPECTIVES Print E-mail

Uroš Pinterič

Abstract

Local finances are subject of only limited debate, connected usually with the unreasonable high expenditures and low efficiency. This situation is then abused for support to the amalgamation or simple reduction of the number of municipalities. In the article we are trying to understand if there is any connection between different perspective on local self-government and the distribution of the finances. The research shows only indirect connection that requires additional study in order to fully confirm that the non-party mayors have different budget management approach. So far the research only confirms this as a possibility which might be strongly dependent on other factors, such as demographic composition of individual municipalities.

Key words: Slovenia, budgetary management, local self-government, independent politics

Assoc. prof. Uroš Pinterič, PhD. is a postdoctoral scholar at Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Political Studies.

"The text was financed from Prvouk P17 - Vědy o společnosti, politice a médiích ve výzvách doby"

Cite this article:
Pinteric Uros. MANAGEMENT OF LOCAL FINANCES IN POLITICAL PERSPECTIVES. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.8, no.3:135-147, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2015-no3-art07

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2015-no3-art07

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2015-no3-art07.pdf

 
IMPACTS OF REMITTANCE ON THE SOCIOECONOMIC CONDITION OF BANGLADESH: AN ANALYSIS Print E-mail

Iqbal Ahmed Chowdhury

Abstract

Remittance is considered to be one of the influential sectors of the socioeconomic development of the Third World countries, particularly countries like Bangladesh. In Bangladesh, remittance contributes to the socioeconomic development, maintain foreign exchange reserves, and manage balance of payment, etc. This paper particularly explains the impacts of remittance on the socioeconomic condition of Bangladesh. The paper is written based on secondary sources, published documents on the impacts of remittance. The paper reveals that remittance has both positive and negative impacts on the socioeconomic condition of Bangladesh. However, the positive impacts are more influential than negative one. In Bangladesh, remittance helps people generate income, provide children advanced education, increase social status, create employment opportunities for poor, and above all empower women. People can avail material and non-material culture and can enjoy civic amenities of the modern era. Although, it creates inequality in the society and cultural lag among people, its influential aspect to the socioeconomic development of Bangladesh is more prevailing. As a result, this paper recommends for necessary initiatives from Government Organizations and Non Government Organizations to maintain both remittance and migration flow normal and congenial.

Keywords: International Migration, Remittance Flow, Socioeconomic Development, Social Status, Civic Amenities

Iqbal Ahmed Chowdhury is an Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, Shahjalal University of Science and Techmology, Sylhet, Bangladesh ( This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it ).

Cite this article:
Chowdhury Iqbal Ahmed. IMPACTS OF REMITTANCE ON THE SOCIOECONOMIC CONDITION OF BANGLADESH: AN ANALYSIS. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.7, no.3:23-43, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2014-no3-art02

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2014-no3-art02

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2014-no3-art02.pdf

 
BARRIERS IN MULTICULTURAL BUSINESS COMMUNICATION: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY OF SLOVENIA AND BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA Print E-mail

Ana Barić, Dejan Jelovac, Nuša Fain

Abstract

Companies that work in multicultural environments face several challenges in their everyday business life. In this article we focus on the communication aspect of working in multicultural business environments. We test the hypothesis that companies that work in multicultural environments are subject to communication barriers due to different cultural backgrounds of people that engage in these types of communication. We test the hypothesis through a case study of two companies, one from Bosnia and Herzegovina and one from Slovenia, that engage in mutual multicultural communication. Through an in-depth interview with the project manager who takes part in this communication every day and a survey with the employees, we identify and analyse the communication barriers that the employees perceive as relevant to their business processes. We overcome these barriers through the application of the fruitful intercultural business communication model. The main contribution of this work lies in demonstrating the applicability of this model to practical cases and the demonstration of the fact that cultural barriers can exist and inhibit successful business even in environments in close sociocultural and geographic proximity.

Keywords: intercultural communication, business culture, barriers, case study

Ana Barić is M.A. in Social Sciences; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Prof. Dr. Dejan Jelovac is a Full Professor of Organisational Sciences and Business Ethics at Faculty of Media and Catholic Institute - Faculty of Business Studies, Ljubljana; School of Advanced Social Studies, Nova Gorica; Faculty of Information Studies in Novo mesto; Slovenia; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Nuša Fain, University of Strathclyde, Strathclyde Business School, Glasgow, UK; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Cite this article:
Barić Ana, Jelovac Dejan, Fain Nuša. BARRIERS IN MULTICULTURAL BUSINESS COMMUNICATION: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY OF SLOVENIA AND BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.3:18-37, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art02

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art02

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2013-no3-art02.pdf

 

 
COMPARISON OF THE ICT IMPACTS BETWEEN CZECH REPUBLIC AND SLOVENIA - PANEL DATA ANALYSIS Print E-mail

Zuzana Somogyiová

Abstract

This paper compares the ICT impacts occurred in Czech industries during years 1995-2006 to those in Slovenia. We examined whether macro panel data analysis proves significance of ICT capital variable in sense of productivity growth on the whole economy. Unfortunately, there are not many studies observing the ICT impacts from perspective of Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries, even if ICTs are assumed to have potential to enhance economic growth, labour productivity, competitiveness of developing countries and lower income gap within Europe.

Key words: ICT, Czech Republic, Slovenia, Panel Data Analysis

Zuzana Somogyiová is Phd. candidate at Technical University in Kosice – Faculty of Economics (Slovakia). Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Cite this article:
Somogyiová Zuzana . COMPARISON OF THE ICT IMPACTS BETWEEN CZECH REPUBLIC AND SLOVENIA - PANEL DATA ANALYSIS. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.5, no.3:6-20, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2012-no3-art01

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2012-no3-art01

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THE SIGNIFICANCE OF TRANSNATIONAL SOCIAL FIELDS AS A SOURCE OF EUROPEAN IDENTIFICATION Print E-mail

Tea Golob, Matej Makarovič 

Abstract
The issue of European identity has been a topic of various political and academic discourses, which nonetheless narrate more about the functioning of particular institutions, integration projects or cultural politics on national or supranational levels, than the European identity itself. The article attempts to recognise, which factors influence the social processes enabling identifications with European space and who can participate in them. It is argued that the intensity of identifications on the European level depends significantly on the participation in European transnational social fields, where symbolic capital, embracing social and cultural capital, substantially influences the existence of European (transnational) habitus and accordingly the identifications. The most significant result of the analysisthus lies in the relationship between the structural properties in terms of what the people are and practices in terms of what they do within the (transnational) social fields and how are both related to the European identification. Applying binary logistic regression analyses to the survey data from all EU member states provides evidence that the practices within the transnational social fields do contribute to the European identification.

Keywords: European Union, European identification, transnational social fields, social practices

M.Sc., doctoral candidate at the School of Advanced Social Science, Nova Gorica, Slovenia

[Ph.D., Associate Professor at the School of Advanced Social Science, Nova Gorica, Slovenia
 
Cite this article:
Golob Tea, Makarovič Matej. The significance of transnational social fields as a source of European identification. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.4, no.3:26-49, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2011-no3-art02

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2011-no3-art02

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2011-no3-art02.pdf
 
PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION REFORM IN SLOVAKIA AFTER THE PARLIAMENTARY ELECTION IN 1998 Print E-mail

Daniel Klimovský 

Abstract:
The public administration reform implemented in Slovakia after the parliamentary election of 1998 was in fact the second wave of reform in Slovak public administration. After the successful overthrow of the communist regime at the very end of the 1980s and early 1990s, an authoritarian style of public policy-making represented by the Prime Minister Vladimír Mečiar was operated from 1994-1998. Centralization, instead of decentralization, was the priority of his government, and Slovakia was excluded from negotiations for membership in the EU and NATO. However, the party of Vladimír Mečiar moved into opposition after the parliamentary election of 1998, and the new ruling party began with a few ambitious reforms including the second wave of public administration reform. It was built on the principles of decentralization as well as modernization. This article is aimed at this second wave of public administration reform in Slovakia. Its author evaluates its content and impacts.
 
Key words: public administration reform, Slovakia, decentralization, regional government, local government, local state administration
 
Daniel Klimovský, PhD. is lecturer and researcher at the Department of Regional Science and Management, Faculty of Economics, Technical University of Košice, Slovakia. He is also a director of the NGO Slovak Political Institute. He deals with both public policy-making at the local and regional levels and public administration with special regard to local and regional governments. Contact: daniel.klimovsky(at)tuke.sk, daniel.klimovsky(at)spinstitut.sk.
 
Cite this article:
Klimovský Daniel. Public Administration Reform in Slovakia after the Parliamentary Election in 1998. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.3, no.3:6-28, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2010-no3-art01

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2010-no3-art01

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TOWARDS THE CONCEPT OF A STRATEGY OF SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT Print E-mail

Borut Rončević 

Absstract
Strategic processes are social processes. They are eventuating in a special field between individual and collective actors and the emergent social structures. The analysis must therefore take both micro and macro level into account. Social dimensions of these processes can be explained by the “social becoming” approach to analysis of social reality. Within this approach strategy is located on the level of agency, between individuality and totality. This is the reason for “path-dependent” nature of strategic processes and of development, implying “choice within constraints” approach. Strategic actors have freedom of strategic choice, but this choice is constrained by the social structures and culture. However, strategic steering is only a potentiality. Whether it will transform to actuality depends on a number of socio-cultural factors. One important factor in this respect is social capital. It is performing two roles. First, it enables cooperation that is needed for successful strategic steering. It enables formation of multi-functional alliances in the from of business clusters and developmental coalitions. They are the prerequisite for intensive processes of social learning and search for complementarity on the basis of divergent interests. This increases adaptability of modern societies. Hence, social capital is and important policy resource and policies designed to promote social capital can be an important segment of developmental performance.
 
Key words: strategic steering, social processes, strategy, social becoming, path-dependency
 
Borut Rončević is director of University and Research Centre Novo mesto and associate professor at the Faculty of Applied Social Studies in Nova Gorica, Slovenia.

Cite this article:
Rončević Borut. Towards the concept of a strategy of social development. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.2, no.3:17-36, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2009-no3-art02

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2009-no3-art02

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2009-no3-art02.pdf

 
ORGANIZATIONAL AND PERSONALITY FACTORS OF STRESS IN ACCOUNTING AND CONSEQUENCES OF STRESS ON HEALTH Print E-mail

Vesna Štager

Abstract

Stress in accounting is popular in the area of research for many researchers in the fields of Psychology, Organizational Behavior, Health and Medicine. A significant part of empirical research has been focused on the analysis of the relationships between different individual and organizational stress factors on the job, including the effects of stress on the job. In the paper, we are showing an overview of the key concepts in the field of stress in accounting, covering organizational and personal stress factors in accounting. The emphasis is on the review of the health problems caused by stress in accounting, including a brief review of the psychological cost of stress. The theoretical overview of current empirical research in the world can be a basis for further empirical research of stress in accounting in Slovenia.

Keywords: stress in accounting, organizational and personal factors, health consequences, psychological costs

Vesna Štager is an M. Sc. and PhD Student at the Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Maribor, Slovenia; Goriška ulica 10, 3000 Celje. E-mail: vesna.stager(at)student.um.si

Cite this article:
Vesna Stager. ORGANIZATIONAL AND PERSONALITY FACTORS OF STRESS IN ACCOUNTING AND CONSEQUENCES OF STRESS ON HEALTH. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.10, no.3:37-56, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2017-no3-art3

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2017-no3-art3

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2017-no3-art3.pdf

 

 

 

 
VIOLENCE AGAINST WIVES IN HOUSEHOLD: A CASE STUDY IN RURAL BANGLADESH Print E-mail

Md Masud Sarker, Md. Shahidul Islam, Md. Faysal Ahmed

Abstract

This paper tries to examine the factors related to domestic violence against women in rural Bangladesh and find the remedies to this problem. A cross-sectional study was conducted at Kandigoan Union Parishad under Sylhet Sadar Upazila in Sylhet district, Bangladesh. Data were collected using social survey method. Two- stage cluster sampling method was applied to select the sample. Chi-square test was applied to examine the association between independent variables and dependent variable while binary logistic regression was applied to measure the effects of socio-economic factors on domestic violence against women in the household. The chi-square test shows that the age of wife, age of husband, NGOs’ membership of wife and couple’s income were related to the battering by husbands. Logistic regression shows that wife’s working status, age of husband and couple’s income were related to women battering by husbands in the family.

Key Words: Bangladesh, Domestic Violence, Household, Husband, Women.

Md MasudSarker, Department of Political Studies, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet, Bangladesh, E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Md. Shahidul Islam, Bangladesh Institute of Social Research (BISR) Trust, Bangladesh, Tel: +88-01722-918936 E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Md. Faysal Ahmed, Department of Political Studies, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet, Bangladesh, Tel: +88-01727-990671 E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Cite this article:

Sarker Md  Masud , Md. Shahidul Ahmed, Md.  Faysal . VIOLENCE AGAINST WIVES IN HOUSEHOLD: A CASE STUDY IN RURAL BANGLADESH. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.9, no.3:43-56, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no3-art3

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no3-art3

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2016-no3-art3.pdf

 
EMBODIMENT OF CAPOEIRA SKILLS Print E-mail

Urška Habjan

Abstract

This article is the result of twenty-one months of fieldwork among the capoeiristas in Brazil, primarily in the city of Salvador, between 2003 and 2013. The fieldwork methodology was based on participant observation. It also included conducting interviews and informal conversations, listening to life stories of locals, and writing a diary. My personal experiences within capoeira and the improvement of my own skills enabled me to better grasp what capoeira is about. By participating, I more fully understood the corporeal strain and pleasure involved in this particular embodied practice.

The socio-economic situation of Brazilian society based on racial and gender discrimination enhances the cultivation of capoeiristic habitus and dictates the need for the acquisition of capoeiristic skills and attitudes in order to cope with, understand, and live within an unequal world. Capoeiristic habitus consists of knowledge, attitudes and skills enabling capoeiristas to stay in tune with the environment of lurking danger, to face with an ambiguous, unstable and uncertain environment. Capoeiristic habitus can be embodied early in life or learnt and acquired as a by-product of capoeira training. But it remains important whether the environment in which a capoeirista practises tolerates or inhibits the cultivation of capoeiristic skills. 

 Key words: capoeira, embodiment, skills, body and mind

Urška Habjan is PhD student of Anthropology

Cite this article:
Habjan Urska. EMBODIMENT OF CAPOEIRA SKILLS. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.8, no.3:118-134, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2015-no3-art06

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2015-no3-art06

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2015-no3-art06.pdf

 
THE IMPORTANCE OF LEGAL ORGANISATION OF RAPIDLY GROWING COMPANIES FOR INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS COMPETITIVENESS Print E-mail

Riko Novak, Viljem Pšeničny

Abstract

This article discusses the importance of a company’s legal form for the process of internationalisation using a sample of 1577 Slovenian companies. We refer to previous studies and on the basis of additional statistical data evaluate whether the choice of corporate legal structure influences a company’s ability to compete internationally. In the domestic market, most companies operate as limited liability companies; this is also the most frequent legal form in which companies enter foreign markets. We conclude that the form by itself does not influence the decision to go international.

Key words: dynamic companies, dynamic entrepreneurship, internationalisation, legal form

Research assistant with Ph.d. Riko Novak is an assistant at the DOBA Faculty in Maribor, Slovenia ( This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it )

Assistant Professor Viljem Pšeničny is the dean of the DOBA Faculty in Maribor, Slovenia ( This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it )

Cite this article:
Novak,  Riko , Pšeničny  Viljem . THE IMPORTANCE OF LEGAL ORGANISATION OF RAPIDLY GROWING COMPANIES FOR INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS COMPETITIVENESS. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.7, no.3:44-57, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2014-no3-art03

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2014-no3-art03

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2014-no3-art03.pdf

 

 

 

 
EU MEMBER STATES AND FISCAL DECENTRALIZATION– EMPIRICAL COMPARISON Print E-mail

Žan Oplotnik, Mateja Finžgar

Abstract

The purpose of an article is to compare systems of fiscal decentralization in EU member states according to selected quantitative criteria and European Charter of Local Self-Government principles. The results show that a higher number of lower levels of government usually indicate a greater share of local finance within the total public finance, however, this finding does not confirm the inverse link. Even though the structure of expenditures in EU countries is similar, the shares of funds for the implementation of individual tasks differ significantly. On average, the countries allocate most funds to education, social security, healthcare, administration and political systems, with only a quarter of the countries recording the same or higher amounts of revenues than expenditures. Most of the countries still cover the existing deficit either through transfers from the central to lower levels of government or through equalization schemes or borrowing, which otherwise represents a departure from one of the basic principles of the Charter, which stipulates that financial resources must be commensurate with the responsibilities of local self-government.

Keywords: fiscal decentralization, international comparison, EU-27,  local financing, local self-government, local expenditures

Correspondence address: Žan Oplotnik, Ph.D., associate professor of finance and international economics at the Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Maribor, Razlagova 14, SI-2000 Maribor, Slovenia, email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Correspondence address: Mateja Finžgar, Ph.D. student at the University of Maribor, Faculty of Economics and Business, Razlagova 14, SI-2000 Maribor, Slovenia, email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Cite this article:
Oplotnik Žan, Finžgar Mateja. EU MEMBER STATES AND FISCAL DECENTRALIZATION– EMPIRICAL COMPARISON. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.3:38-64, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art03

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art03

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2013-no3-art03.pdf

 
THE CONTEMPORARY MILITARY: BETWEEN PUBLIC INDIFFERENCE AND TRUST Print E-mail

Marjan Malešič

Abstract

The early debates on civil-military relations were limited to the relations between the military and the state whereas contemporary studies encompass the military, state and political institutions, and civil society (the public). The article deals with two elements of the triad, namely the relationship between the military and the public, and it deals with the following concepts: marginalization of the military in contemporary society, public trust in the military and public support of the military in terms of missions performed, provision of financial and human resources, and development projects. The article brings about a comparative analysis and a typology of countries reflecting the attitude of the public towards the military.

Key words: civil-military relations, military, public, indifference, trust, social distance

Marjan Malešič is a Professor at the Faculty of Social Sciences (FSS) and a Head of Defence Research Centre at the Institute of Social Sciences, University of Ljubljana. His recent teaching and research areas are environmental security, security policy, crisis management, and public opinion on security. Malešič served as a Vice-Dean responsible for research at FSS (2007-2011) and as a Chairman of European Research Group on Military and Society (ERGOMAS; 2000-2002). He is a member of EU’s COST Domain Committee for ‘Individuals, Societies, Cultures and Health’.

Cite this article:
Malešič Marjan . THE CONTEMPORARY MILITARY:  BETWEEN PUBLIC INDIFFERENCE AND TRUST. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.5, no.3:21-40, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2012-no3-art02

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2012-no3-art02

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2012-no3-art02.pdf

 
STEERING INNOVATION AND CHANGE IN COMPLEX SOCIETIES Print E-mail

Borut Rončević, Nadja Damij 

Abstract
What can a nation, region, locality or organisation do to adjust successfully to global challenges? There are indeed no clear-cut prescriptions for adjustment, as it is a highly demanding and complex process. Namely, successful adaptation to these challenges is taking place at different levels, which have to achieve sync in a process of ‘social becoming’. The outcome is a society which allows continuous innovations and strategic changes. In this paper we are analysing innovations and social change as a multidimensional process, in which we need to establish sync between macro, meso and micro levels. We offer social fields theory as a useful explanatory tool.
 
Keywords: societal change, innovations, complexity, steering, social fields

Borut Rončević, Ph.D., associate professor, School of Advanced Social Studies in Nova Gorica, Slovenia

Nadja Damij, Ph.D., associate professor, Faculty of Information Studies in Novo mesto, Slovenia.

Cite this article:
Rončević  Borut, Damij Nadja. Steering Innovation and Change in Complex Societies. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.4, no.3:5-25, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2011-no3-art01

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2011-no3-art01

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2011-no3-art01.pdf

 
LOCAL ECONOMIC NORMATIVE AND HUMAN RESOURCE ACTIVITIES ANALYSIS IN PRACTICE Print E-mail

Alenka Pandiloska Jurak  

Abstract
The aim of this paper is to present a development of a model for evaluating the work of Slovenian municipalities. The purpose of the development of this model is that after entering the data into the model, not only municipalities that are similar to each other can be compared but also those that are in terms of population, territory size, etc. quite different.
 
Key words: Slovenia, evaluation, local administration, municipalities, performance, new public management

Alenka Pandiloska Jurak,M.A. is assistant at the School of Advanced Social Studies

Cite this article:
Jurak Alenka Pandiloska. Local economic normative and human resource activities analysis in practice. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.3, no.3:29-49, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2010-no3-art02

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2010-no3-art02

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2010-no3-art02.pdf

 
CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND THE ROLE OF THE STATE Print E-mail

Dolores Modic 

Abstract
The term social responsibility is generaly used in connection with private entities, whereas the role of the state and public organizations is often forgotten. We usually see the state and public organizations as regulators in the context of social responsibility, whose goal is to achieve socially responsible actions of the private sector. However, we can see the role of the state and public organizations as threefold: 1) as regulators and promotors, 2) as »leading by example« and 3) as supervisors. In the paper we explore all three roles, with special emphasis on the identified problematic areas. Some practical implications are shown on the example of Slovenia.
 
Key words: social responsibility, CSR, the state, public sector, Slovenia
 
The author is an assistant at the School of Business and Management Novo mesto, Slovenia and holds a BA in Law.

Cite this article:
Modic Dolores. Corporate social responsibility and the role of the State. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.1, no.3:7-42, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2008-no3-art01

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2008-no3-art01

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2008-no3-art01.pdf

 
TRANSPORTATION OF THE VISEGRAD FOUR: POTENTIAL INGREDIENTS FOR SYSTEM CHANGE Print E-mail

Donald E. Fuller                                       

Abstract
 
Yehezhel Dror argues that government, as now constituted, is a failure. Many would agree. His proposition for transformation resembles Havelian transcendence: largely a top-down concept. The paper examines his thesis and its appropriateness for the Visegrad Four, if not wider. Using secondary sources, and the Visegrad Four as the units of analysis, the purpose is to dissect governance capacities, incentives, and plausible transforming characteristics to evaluate Dror’s prescription for transforming governments from favoring raison d’etat to raison d’ humanite (humanity). The paper evaluates according to three possible outcomes: strong possibility, very little possibility, and partial possibility. 


* I thank the anonymous reviewer for providing constructive comments. This is a slightly revised version of a paper presented to the 15th Network of Institutes and Schools of Public Administration in Central and Eastern Europe (NISPAcee) Annual Conference, May 17-19, 2007, Kiev, Ukraine.
 
Ph.D. Donald E. Fuller is Senior lecturer at Anglo-American University in Prague, Czech Republic.
 
Cite this article:
Fuller Donald E.. Transportation of the Visegrad four: Potential ingredients for system change. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.2, no.1:4-40, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2009-no1-art01

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2009-no1-art01

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2009-no1-art01.pdf
 
PHYSICAL COURAGE IN HIGH- AND NON-RISK ATHLETES Print E-mail

Črtomir Bitenc, Maša Serec

Abstract

Even though stimulation and sensation seeking, which are typical for high-risk athletes, have been closely linked to high physical courage, little is known about physical courage of high-risk athletes. The purpose of this study was to examine physical courage among high- and non-risk athletes. The convenience sampling was used to reach both groups of the athletes. An anonymous online questionnaire was sent to the Faculty of Sport, several sport clubs and online sport forums in Slovenia. A total of 101 high-risk and 79 non-risk athletes filled out The Physical Courage Questionnaire and The Social Desirability Scale. In addition, important demographic characteristics were obtained. Results showed that high-risk athletes have a higher level of physical courage (F=6.304, p=0.013), and that male athletes are physically more courageous than female athletes (F=4.353, p=0.038). The interaction between gender and the risk of a given sport discipline had a significant effect on physical courage (F=4.936, p=0.028): in the non-risk athlete group female athletes reported being less physically courageous than male athletes, whereas high-risk female athletes scored similarly high on the physical courage scale as high-risk male athletes. Implications and limitations of the research study are discussed.

Keywords: athletes; high-risk athletes; high-risk sports; gender differences; physical courage

asst. Črtomir Bitenc, BA psychology, works as development - research associate at University Rehabilitation Institute, Republic of Slovenia. E-mail: crtomir.bitenc(at)ir-rs.si (corresponding author)

Ph.d. Maša Serec, psychology, works at Ministry of Health of the Republic of Slovenia, Public Health Directorate, Ljubljana, Slovenia. E-mail: masa.serec(at)gov.si

Cite this article:
Crtomir Bitenc, Masa Serec. PHYSICAL COURAGE IN HIGH- AND NON-RISK ATHLETES. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.10, no.3:57-69, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2017-no3-art4

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2017-no3-art4

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2017-no3-art4.pdf

 

 
THE NATIONAL MINORITY CONSULTATIVE MECHANISMS - THE COUNCILS OF NATIONAL MINORITIES IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA Print E-mail

Aleksandar Čorni

Abstract

The article tries to explore the practical application of the soft law, in concrete terms, the documents adopted by the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, referring to the models of participation of national minorities in public life in the case of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The objective of the research was to assess the legal and political grounds for functioning national minority councils as participation and consultative mechanisms, scope of responsibilities and capacities in relation to their effectiveness and impact and to identify relevant good practices on such mechanisms. The political and decision-making structures in Bosnia and Herzegovina demonstrated lack of actual commitment to the realization of the rights of minorities referring to participation in decision-making processes. Bearing in mind formal position within parliaments, visibility, and a significant promotional capacity for presence in the public sphere, the councils on national minorities may represent a significant body and channel for the minority – majority dialogue. However, at the moment, the national minority councils’ capacity to ensure participation of national minorities in Bosnian political life and their influence in decision-making process remains insufficient. In general, the consultative mechanisms, within their mandated responsibilities, have had insignificant and minimal impact on the practical, political and legislative segment.

Key words: The OSCE Lund Recommendations, Councils of National Minorities in Bosnia.

Aleksandar Čorni, LLM in Law, Attorney at Law within Joint Law Firm „Dragan Stupar & Aleksandar Čorni“, Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Contact address: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Cite this article:

Čorni  Aleksandar . THE NATIONAL MINORITY CONSULTATIVE MECHANISMS - THE COUNCILS OF NATIONAL MINORITIES IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.9, no.3:57-83, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no3-art4

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no3-art4

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2016-no3-art4.pdf

 
A PEDAGOGUE’S ROLE REGARDING THE INTEGRATION OF A CHILD IN KINDERGARTEN Print E-mail

Jurka Lepičnik Vodopivec, Darja Žikovšek

Abstract

For children and their parents, starting kindergarten is an important turning point in life. In this period, it is important that parents, prior starting kindergarten, have a quality consultation with the kindergarten’s pedagogue. With his/hers professional knowledge he/she is competent enough to carry out an education counselling interview with parents of preschool children. Through an education counselling interview, a pedagogue presents all aspects of the problem connected with the start of kindergarten, as well as the optimal way of confronting this event. Hereinafter, we present the results of the research which intention was to study the process, contents, and meaning of introductory education counselling interviews with parents. Further, we wanted to establish the pedagogues’ role in Slovenian kindergartens regarding the integration of a child in kindergarten. We obtained an insight in problems that occur during pedagogues’ work directly in practice and stressed proposals which could better their position. Based on the analysis of data gained by interviewing pedagogues employed in Slovenian kindergartens, we found out that the pedagogues’ role regarding the integration of children in kindergartens is not well known yet.

Key words: kindergarten, pedagogue, integration of a child in kindergarten

Ph.D. Jurka Lepičnik Vodopivec, full professor of pedagogy, Department of Educational Sciences, University of Primorska, Faculty of Education, Koper, Slovenia

Darja Žikovšek, University of Maribor, Faculty of Arts, Koroška cesta 160, 2000 Maribor, Slovenia ( This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it )

Cite this article:
Lepicnik Vodopivec Jurka, Zikovsek Darja. A PEDAGOGUE’S ROLE REGARDING THE INTEGRATION OF A CHILD IN KINDERGARTEN. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.8, no.3:106-117, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2015-no3-art05

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2015-no3-art05

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2015-no3-art05.pdf

 
THE IMPACT OF MANAGERIAL MULTICULTURAL COMPETENCES ON COMPANY’S COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE IN GLOBAL ECONOMY Print E-mail

Rosana Grušovnik, Dejan Jelovac

Abstract

In this article, we will present an empirical account on management of intercultural differences. The focus will be on managerial dilemma how to achieve the company’s competitiveness with adaptation to market forces as well as to the cultural environment in which they operate. The contemporary companies in global economy need competent management with willingness, awareness, knowhow and skills to successfully communicate and operate across cultural borders. Because they are not visible on the surface, they represent an overlooked factor that can have an impact on the organisation’s success. In our qualitative empirical study on the sample of 28 managers from Slovenia, EU, and former Yugoslavia, we try to find out how their intercultural competences affect everyday business activities, whether the management is neglecting the impact of cultural factors, and whether the reason for such neglecting is the lack of intercultural competences. In the discussion and conclusion of the article listed are recommendations to managers and suggestions to academics for further exploration.

Keywords: business culture, organisational culture, cultural differences, intercultural competences, management.

Rosana Grušovnik is M.A. in Business Sciences at Gea College – Faculty of Entrepreneurship, Ljubljana, Slovenia; rosana.grusovnik(at) artriana.si.

Prof. Dr. Dejan Jelovac is Full Professor of organisational sciences and business ethics at School of Advanced Social Studies, Nova Gorica; Faculty of Media, Ljubljana and Catholic Institute - Faculty of Business Studies, Ljubljana; Faculty of Information Studies in Novo mesto; Slovenia; dejan.jelovac (at) gmail.com.

Cite this article:
Grušovnik Rosana, Jelovac Dejan. THE IMPACT OF MANAGERIAL MULTICULTURAL COMPETENCES ON COMPANY’S COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE IN GLOBAL ECONOMY. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.7, no.3:58-89, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2014-no3-art04

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2014-no3-art04

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2014-no3-art04.pdf

 
ANALYSES OF FAMILY OWNED ENTERPRISE’S CONTINUITY (CASE STUDY OF FOUR FAMILY OWNED ENTERPRISE IN JAKARTA) Print E-mail

Anita Maharani,Arya Hadi Dharmawan, Eriyatno Iin Mayasar

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to examine the roles that have an influence on the Family-Owned Enterprise (FOE) succession. This issue is raised because of the transition phenomena that occur between generations of the FOE, is interesting to study. Transition within the meaning of the Family Owned Enterprise is business continuity between generations. Gender aspects, was appointed as one of the problems in this study because gender is related to the sustainability of the Family-Owned Enterprise, among others because of aspects of the approach. Aspects of leadership became one of the problems in this research because it has relevance to the sustainability of the Family-Owned Enterprise, among others because of aspects of decision making. The aspects of entrepreneurship was appointed as one of the problems (because they have a relationship with the Family-Owned Enterprise continuity, partly because aspects of entrepreneurial orientation). This research will focus on all three roles at the level of Small and Medium Enterprises and Medium Enterprises. Literatures used in this study includes: Unified System, Sustainable Family, Dynamics Triangular. This research method is qualitative, and the approach is inductive-deductive. Information in this research will be conducted in four companies, namely small and medium enterprises and medium enterprises engaged in rice distribution.

Keywords: succession, roles, leadership, gender, entrepreneurship, family owned enterprise, continuity

Anita Maharani - Program Studi Manajemen, Universitas Paramadina, Jakarta;

Arya Hadi Dharmawan - Departemen FEMA, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor

Eriyatno Iin Mayasari - Program Studi Manajemen, Universitas Paramadina, Jakarta, PSP3, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor

Cite this article:
Maharani Anita, Dharmawan Arya Hadi, Mayasari Eriyatno Iin. ANALYSES OF FAMILY OWNED ENTERPRISE’S CONTINUITY (CASE STUDY OF FOUR FAMILY OWNED ENTERPRISE IN JAKARTA). Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.3:65-74, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art04

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art04

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2013-no3-art04.pdf

 
COMPETITIVENESS POSITION OF SLOVAK REPUBLIC - VARIOUS MEASURES COMPARISON Print E-mail

Tomáš Šoltés

Abstract

Is Slovakia competitive within the European area? Since other European countries represent the main and direct competitors of Slovak republic, this paper analyzes the competitive position of Slovak republic from the view of 4 competitiveness measures. It takes into consideration two competitiveness indices prepared by renowned international organizations active in the field of national competitiveness measurement (WEF, IMD), as well as two characteristics identified by most theoretical and practical approaches to be the most suitable measures of a country’s competitiveness – GDP growth and productivity. Based on these 4 measures, the paper presents a simple ranking of Slovak republic for each of the measures.

Key words: competitiveness position, measures

Tomáš Šoltés is a internal PhD student at the Department of Regional Sciences and Management at the Faculty of Economics, Technical University in Košice, Slovakia (tomas.soltes (at) tuke.sk)

Cite this article:
Šoltés Tomáš . COMPETITIVENESS POSITION OF SLOVAK REPUBLIC - VARIOUS MEASURES COMPARISON. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.5, no.3:41-64, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2012-no3-art03

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2012-no3-art03

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2012-no3-art03.pdf

 
HOW PAST REFORMS CHANGE THE FUTURE? LOCAL GOVERNANCE REFORMS AND THEIR IMPACT ON MAYOR'S ABILITY TO INFLUENCE THE MUNICIPAL DEVELOPMENT Print E-mail

Michaela Bátorová

Abstract
The purpose of this paper is to track the historical development of local governance reforms in Slovakia (between years 1989 and 2009) and to reveal the consequences of these reforms on the perceived decision-making power of current Slovak Mayors to change the municipal development. As the decision-making power is a tool for performing a change, this paper clearly elaborates causal relation between the past state policies and its effects on the future municipal development from the municipal key actors’ point of view.
The research findings were obtained by employing a triangulation method. The data was collected by a study of official documents, and interviews with key actors. The in-depth interviews with open-ended questions were conducted in eight Slovak municipalities with mayors who had been in charge for at least two electoral periods.
The research provides interesting results – different data produces different outcome. The documentary analysis shows that the past institutional changes have strong positive influence on mayoral formal decision-making power, because his or her powers (rights) to change the municipal development have been extended. On the other hand, the content analysis of the interview transcripts shows that the opinions of the respondents are ambiguous. Only few interviewees believe that the past institutional reforms positively contributed to their ability to shape the future municipal development; while, the rest think that the past reforms have not influenced their decision-making power. This means that for majority of studied mayors the ability to influence the municipal development depends on other than institutional change factors.
 
Key words: institutional change, local governance reforms (decentralization, NPM, politico-administrative reforms) the Slovak local governments, mayoral decision-making power,
 
Early version of this article was presented at the 19th Annual NISPAcee Conference in Varna, Bulgaria, May 2011.
 
Michaela Bátorová is a PhD candidate at the School of Management, University of Tampere, Finland.
 
Cite this article:
Bátorová Michaela. How past reforms change the Future? Local governance reforms and their impact on mayor's ability to influence the municipal development. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.4, no.2:6-43, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2011-no2-art01

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2011-no2-art01

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2011-no2-art01.pdf
 
CRITICAL DIVERSITY LITERACY: DIVERSITY AWARENESS IN TWELVE SOUTH AFRICAN ORGANISATIONS Print E-mail

Melissa Steyn

Abstract
South African society has undergone a remarkable political and legal transformation since 1994, moving from apartheid towards a democratic society which enshrines the rights of diversity. However, deep social divisions and inequalities persist. Twelve case studies were conducted as part of the DEISA research programme into diversity and equity transformation in South African organisations. The concept of Critical Diversity Literacy (CDL)was useful to judge the organisations for their disposition towards diversity, and the extent of their achieved transformation. The CDL model proposed here is a conceptual tool for teaching and implementing transformation towards more socially just approaches to workplace diversity, even in complex postcolonial contexts.

Acknowledgments: The author wishes to acknowledge the funding of SANPAD and the National Research Foundation, South Africa. The members of the DEISA research team are also acknowledged: Lize Booysen, Philomena Essed, Claire Kelly, Stella Nkomo, Crain Soudien.

PhD. Melissa Steyn is Associate Professor of Sociology and Director of Intercultural and Diversity Studies at University of Cape Town; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Cite this article:
Steyn Melissa. Critical Diversity Literacy: Diversity Awareness in Twelve South African Organisations. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.3, no.3:50-82, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2010-no3-art03

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2010-no3-art03

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2010-no3-art03.pdf
 
INTEGRATION OF VARIOUS QUALITY CONTROL MODELS IN ORGANIZATION Print E-mail

Boris Bukovec

Abstract 
Changes and effecting change are becoming a constant. The dynamics of change are increasing dramatically; new knowledge is emerging, new technologies pose new challenges, new methods of communicating offer almost unlimited possibilities of synergistic effects. But primarily, the new culture of innovativeness is such a culture that, in the desire for a higher quality of living, constantly generates the requirement which must surpass itself.
The article presents modern approaches and models which are used by organizational systems to improve their business success (ISO 9001 Standard, EFMQ Excellence Model, 20 Keys, BSC (Balanced Scorecard), Six Sigma, BPR (Business Process Reengineering)), the examples of different organizations show practical findings of the research and usage of these approaches in Slovenia. The article continues with their basic structure, it also compares relativity of models, it searches coincidences of their fundamentals and recognises their common paradigm backdrop.
 
Key words: quality, models, management, organization system, change
 
PhD. Boris Bukovec is dean and assistant professor at Faculty of Organization Studies, Novo mesto

Cite this article:
Bukovec Boris. Integration of various quality control models in organization. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.2, no.3:37-57, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2009-no3-art03

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2009-no3-art03

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2009-no3-art03.pdf

 
PATTERNS OF POLITICAL PARTICIPATION IN EUROPE. Print E-mail

Matej Makarovič

Abstract
It is questionable to which extend one can generalise the trends in participation such as the decline of the classical forms of political participation and/or the rise of the new ones, since there may be significant differences between various participation patterns in European democracies, not only between the old and the new ones but also within both categories. Application of the hierarchical cluster analysis – using the voting turnouts and other statistics, the survey data on the relevant behaviour and attitudes - enables one to distinguish between the following patterns of participation
in Europe:
1) The western pattern characterised by medium levels of all types of socio-political participation
2) The northern active democracies characterised by intensive social and political participation of all types 3) The passive democracies with relative lack of all types of active
participation. Though some common European trends may be identified, especially in the long run, the extends to which these trends have taken place, vary considerably. Significant differences remain even in the long run and under the seemingly similar European/global conditions. Consequently the convergence hypothesis may only be confirmed to a very limited extend and with great caution.
 
Key words: political participation, democracy, Europe, convergence
 
Matej Makarovič is assistant professor of sociology at the Faculty of Applied Social Studies, Nova Gorica, Slovenia.
He can be reached at This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .
 

Cite this article:
Makarovič Matej. Patterns of Political Participation in Europe. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.1, no.3:43-62, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2008-no3-art02

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2008-no3-art02

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CLASSROOM RESEARCH: HOW DO UNDERGRATE STUDENTS DEFINE ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR? Print E-mail

Anita Maharani

Abstract

Classroom action research is a research of an on going process. It is not meant for producing exact conclusion, since classroom action research is an overview of what recently happened in a class. The effectiveness of classroom management depends on how lecturer design his or her teaching method, that also must compy with teaching requirement and curriculum that set up by the management of program. This research, is to define how students understand and able to deliver a correct definition of organizational behavior. This research conducted in Management Studies of Universitas Paramadina during mid exam, as an evaluation of two months or six meetings.

Keywords: classroom, research, undergraduate, organizational, behavior

Anita Maharani: Bina Nusantara University, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Cite this article:
Anita Maharani. CLASSROOM RESEARCH: HOW DO UNDERGRATE STUDENTS DEFINE ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR?. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.10, no.3:70-78, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2017-no3-art5

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2017-no3-art5

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2017-no3-art5.pdf 

 
THE PRACTICAL ASPECT OF DEVELOPING ART APPRECIATION Print E-mail

Matjaž Duh, Jerneja Herzog, Andreja Švec

Abstract

In the present article the significance and the role of art appreciation are dealt with. The ways and procedures of developing art appreciation of pupils in primary school are presented. With the support of the procedure of gradual uncovering of an artwork, in which two different methods were employed, namely increasing the sharpness and fragmentary image, the response and experience of 14 – 15 years old pupils were investigated in this study. In this, focus was on the examination of appropriateness of the procedures according to the type of the selected artworks. The procedures were examined on two sets, namely on a set of artworks with realistically depicted motifs and on a set of abstract paintings. We have found the selected procedures were to a certain extent more appropriate for dealing with realistic motifs, and to a lesser extent for abstract motifs. For pupils it is more difficult to accept an unknown, alien image, they much more easily identify themselves with recognisable forms and motifs. The latter motivate and inspire them more; they activate communication and in consequence raise the level of the development of art appreciation.

Key Words: art appreciation, communication, artworks, methods of developing art appreciation.

Matjaž Duh, PhD, Faculty of Education, University of Maribor ( This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it )

Jerneja Herzog, PhD, University of Maribor, Faculty of Education, ( This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it )

Andreja Švec, prof., Faculty of Education, University of Maribor ( This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it )

Cite this article:

Duh Matjaž, Herzog Jerneja, Švec Andreja. THE PRACTICAL ASPECT OF DEVELOPING ART APPRECIATION. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.9, no.3:84-107, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no3-art5

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no3-art5

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2016-no3-art5.pdf

 
THE COMPETENCIES OF AN INDIVIDUAL IN THE CREATION OF NEW IDEAS IN THE ORGANIZATION Print E-mail

Dana Mesner Andolšek, Anja Jerković

Abstract

Purpose of this article is dedicated to addressing innovation from a person – organization point of view where the focus is on the individual and his competencies in the innovation process. Our study focuses on skills that an individual needs to successfully design new innovative ideas. The analysis includes samples from 17 countries and more than 70000 respondents. The results show that social competence, together with work, active and cognitive competence, is very important in creating innovative ideas of employees in the organization.

Key words: innovation, process of innovation, active, work, cognitive and social skills of an individual

Dana Mesner Andolšek is associate Professor of Sociology at Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Ljubljana (Slovenia) as well as researcher at the Institute of Social Sciences, University of Ljubljana (Slovenia). She delivers courses in Theory of Organization, Knowledge management, Organizational culture and Practical courses.

Anja Jerković, Bachelor degree in Human resource Management, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Ljubljana

Cite this article:
Mesner Andolsek Dana, Anja  Jerkovic. THE COMPETENCIES OF AN INDIVIDUAL IN THE CREATION OF NEW IDEAS IN THE ORGANIZATION. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.8, no.3:84-105, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2015-no3-art04

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2015-no3-art04

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2015-no3-art04.pdf

 
THE ACTION MODEL FOR MEASURING INFLUENCE IN ADVERTISING Print E-mail

Andrej Kovačič

Abstract

Despite the abundance of different theories there is little agreement on the suitable model that would explain how influence in advertising works. Historically, theoretical models have moved from including solely rational components towards including emotional components and from focusing on sequential processing towards hierarchy free processing models. Based on the existing literature, several most representative models are presented, described and evaluated. In a quest to explain a broader view on advertising influence we introduced the ACTION model (an acronym for Aim, Connection, Techniques, Identity, Opportunity and Numerous). Advantages, suggestions for future research and a critical discussion of using this model are further discussed.

Keywords: ACTION, influence, advertising, model.

ACTION model, ACTION formula and components (Aim, Connection, Tecniques, Identity, Opportunity and Numberous) are copywrighted by Andrej Kovacic (Ceos ltd., 2014) under BY-NC licence (you may copy, distribute this material only if you give appropriate credit by citing this document, provide and indicate if changes were made).

Assistant prof. Andrej Kovačič, Ph.D. Contact: andrej.kovacic(at) ceos.si

Cite this article:
Kovačič Andrej. THE ACTION MODEL FOR MEASURING INFLUENCE IN ADVERTISING. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.7, no.3:90-103, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2014-no3-art05

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2014-no3-art05

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2014-no3-art05.pdf

 
PARTNERSHIP WITH PARENTS AND PRACTICAL MODEL OF GROUP WORK WITH PARENTS OF CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS WITH EMOTIONAL, BEHAVIOURAL AND SOCIAL DIFFICULTIES/DISORDERS Print E-mail

Tomaž Vec

Abstract

The results of increasing number of studies show the importance of cooperation between parents and school. However, in practice such cooperation in general does not provide information about an individual child due to insufficient knowledge of those institutions as regards establishing cooperative relationship. The issue is in particular emphasised by parents of children with emotional, behavioural and social problems/disorders. These parents are due to lack of motivation and dysfunction recognisable as “heavy partners” of the cooperation. Firstly, the paper presents the benefits and obstacles in partnership with parents in general. In the following basic elements of establishing a quality partnership with parents of children with emotional, behavioural and social problems/disorders are underlined. Finally, as a special kind of work a model of group work with these parents as only one possible form of a good work with them is presented.

Keywords: parents and school partnership, involvement, emotional, behavioural and social difficulties/disorders, group work

Ph.D. Tomaž Vec, spec. psych. coun. is an assistant professor and researcher at the University of Ljubljana (Faculty of Education), email: tomaz.vec(at)pef.uni-lj.si

Cite this article:
Vec Tomaž. PARTNERSHIP WITH PARENTS AND PRACTICAL MODEL OF GROUP WORK WITH PARENTS OF CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS WITH EMOTIONAL, BEHAVIOURAL AND SOCIAL DIFFICULTIES/DISORDERS. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.3:75-91, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art05

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art05

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2013-no3-art05.pdf

 
AN EMPIRICAL STUDY OF TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP IN SLOVENIAN ENTREPRENEURSHIP Print E-mail

Dejan Jelovac, Matjaž Maške

Abstract

The present article reports on the results of a quantitative empirical survey of leadership styles of Slovenian entrepreneurs, owners and/or founders of SMEs. The study aimed to answer the following research question: Which leadership style enhances the success of a leader’s organisation? On the basis of the existing literature, we hypothesised that the transformational leadership style is likely to increase the effectiveness and success of a business. We also hypothesised that Slovenian entrepreneurial leaders used the transformational leadership style to a greater extent than the transactional leadership style. The survey was conducted using the self-reported Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire on a sample of 100 entrepreneurial leaders from the entire territory of Slovenia. The results suggest that Slovenian leaders use transformational leadership more than transactional. The use of transformational leadership was correlated with increased self-reported effectiveness of their organisation. The article concludes with a discussion on the impact of transformational leadership on enhancing the effectiveness of Slovenian business. Implications for future research are discussed.

Keywords: entrepreneur, leader, transformational leadership, transactional leadership, effectiveness.

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Dejan Jelovac is a Professor and Head of Department of Business Ethics, Corporate Culture and Management of Organisational Development at Gea College - Faculty of Entrepreneurship, Ljubljana, Slovenia.
 

Matjaž Maške, M.A. is an Assistant Lecturer of organisational development at GEA College - Faculty of Entrepreneurship, Ljubljana, Slovenia. 

Cite this article:
Jelovac Dejan, Matjaž Maške. AN EMPIRICAL STUDY OF TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP IN SLOVENIAN ENTREPRENEURSHI. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.5, no.3:65-82, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2012-no3-art04

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2012-no3-art04

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2012-no3-art04.pdf

 
SMER-SD AND FIDESZ: THE NATIONAL INTERESTS AND POPULISM IN THE 2010 PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS Print E-mail

Peter Horváth, Jaroslav Mihálik 

Abstract
The paper explores two major political parties, FIDESZ in Hungary and SMER-SD in Slovakia and their success in the latest parliamentary elections from the comparative perspective.
The year 2010 was known as the elections´ year in the region of Central Europe. Apart from the possible changes of the governing elites there is a specific pressure in the communication strategies to strengthen the national issues and questions related to common history of the former post-war period when the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy dissolved and new sovereign states were created. Thus, the central concepts are not to fight the economic crisis, to improve the social status of citizens, unemployment, but the protection of national interests, historical grievances and its violent removal through the prism of electoral populism. It seems that the political elites are moving backwards in time and do not reflect the real existing needs of the citizens they govern. Although both countries are members of the EU and NATO, elections in April and June 2010 do not create proper conditions for good relations between these two countries.
  
Key words: parliamentary elections, populism, nationalism, Fidesz, Smer – SD

Director of the Institute of Social Sciences, University of Ss. Cyril and Methodius, Trnava, Slovakia

Assistant lecturer at UCM Trnava; Ph.D. candidate at Faculty of Social and Economic Sciences at Commenius University in Bratislava, Slovakia

Cite this article:
Horváth Peter, Mihálik Jaroslav . SMER-SD and FIDESZ: The National Interests and Populism in the 2010 Parliamentary Elections. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.4, no.2:44-61, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2011-no2-art02

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2011-no2-art02

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2011-no2-art02.pdf

 
FOUR YEARS FROM THE CANDIDACY STATUS – WHAT HAS BEEN DONE AND WHAT CAN BE EXPECTED? Print E-mail

Sonja Risteska 

Abstract

Four years have passed since Macedonia got the candidacy status from the EU and it still waits to start the negotiations for full membership. This period has been full with events which influenced Macedonia’s development and caused the prolonged waiting of the much anticipated negotiations. The events went from a promising start in 2005 with the candidacy status, through acting as a ‘spoiled child’ in 2008 to positive performance and dedication to the reform processes in 2009. The country did not use well the incentive given at the European Summit in 2005 (the candidacy status) and passed the opportunity to get an early date for starting the negotiations with the EU in the following years (2007, 2008). With internal and external pressure, in 2009 the authorities started to work on the reforms. The EC acknowledges this positive trend, having in mind that the reforms are far from over. There are high expectations that the developments will produce positive EC Report this year and that the country will be rewarded with a recommendation of a date for starting the negotiations for full membership. Whether these expectations will materialize it remains to be seen on 14th of October when the report will be published.

 
Key words: negotiations, EC, Greece, reforms
 
Sonja Risteska is research fellow at Analytica, Dame Gruev 7-8/3 Skopje Republic of Macedonia. sristeska(at)analyticamk.org

Cite this article:
Risteska Sonja. Four Years from the Candidacy Status – what has been done and what can be expected?. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.3, no.2:5-23, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2010-no2-art01

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2010-no2-art01

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2010-no2-art01.pdf

 
PARLIAMENTARY NETWORKING AS AN INSTRUMENT OF CAPACITY BUILDING: INSIGHTS FROM EAST AFRICA Print E-mail

Severine M. Rugumamu

Abstract
This study investigates the effectiveness of parliamentary networks in East Africa as a tool for capacity building. Given the circumstances prevailing in most African parliaments, there is growing consensus supporting the view that networks are one of the key capacity building instruments on the continent. To the extent that there are no dedicated formal colleges to train parliamentarians and parliamentary staff for their multiple functions, networking with sister institutions does serve as one critical mechanism for exchanging and sharing information, knowledge and internationally-acknowledged best practices in order to enhance institutional and individual capacities.
 
Key words: parliament, institutions,networking, capacity building, governance.
 
Ph.D. Severine M. Rugumamu is professor at University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

Cite this article:
Rugumamu Severine M. . Parliamentary networking as an instrument of capacity building: insights from East Africa. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.2, no.2:5-26, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2009-no2-art01

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2009-no2-art01

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2009-no2-art01.pdf

 
A MULTIDIMENSIONAL APPROACH TO CONFLICT ANALYSIS: THE RUSSO-CHECHEN CONFLICT Print E-mail

Ali Askerov 

Abstract
This paper describes the ethnopolitical conflict between Russia and Chechnya, and explores the causes of the war and violence between these two nations that started in the early 1800s and continues today. The accurate analysis of conflict is important for a number of reasons, but above all, because without its accurate diagnosis, suggestions for successful resolution would practically be impossible. The Russo-Chechen conflict is one of the most long-lasting ethnopolitical conflicts in the world. Its over two hundred years of history is replete with violence and atrocities that escalated and deescalated this conflict from time to time. Many books and articles are written about this conflict to explain its origins and causes relating to one or more of the factors of nationalism, religion, interests, and geopolitics. This paper, however, employs a multidimensional approach to its analysis by employing a number of theories of conflict and violence without specifying priority to any causal factors as it is impossible to weigh the causative factors to identify the hierarchical interrelationship among them. This paper argues that a multidimensional and multilevel approach to conflict analysis is needed to understand root causes of complex conflict correctly that is important for making effective policies of conflict resolution. 
 
Key words: conflict, theory, analysis, Russia, Chechnya
 
Ali Askerov teaches conflict resolution at University of Winnipeg.
 
Cite this article:
Askerov Ali . A Multidimensional Approach to Conflict Analysis: The Russo-Chechen Conflict . Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.1, no.3:63-83, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2008-no3-art03

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2008-no3-art03

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2008-no3-art03.pdf
 
SOCIAL ECONOMY IN SLOVENIA – EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES FOR PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES Print E-mail

Aleksandra Tabaj 

Abstract

People with disabilities are one of the most vulnerable groups in the labour market. Comparing to people without disabilities, their unemployment rates are higher, possibilities for employment lower. One of the important factors is also discrimination, visible and non-visible at labour market. Therefore, countries promote employment possibilities of persons with disabilities with specific regulations and programmes. In Slovenia, after 2006 new form of employment possibilities in social economy arised – employment centers. In ten years, more than 40 employment centers were established with over 440 employed people with severe disabilities. The article presents main charachteristics of the employed persons with disabilities in employed centers and SWOT analysis for further developing this important subject.

Key words: employment, persons with disabilities, social economy

Ph.d. Aleksandra Tabaj is the head of the Development Centre of Employment Rehabilitation at University Rehabilitation Institute Republic of Slovenia (aleksandra.tabaj (at) ir-rs.s)

Cite this article:
Aleksandra Tabaj. SOCIAL ECONOMY IN SLOVENIA – EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES FOR PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES . Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.10, no.2:7-19, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2017-no2-art1

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2017-no2-art1

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2017-no2-art1.pdf

 
A STRUCTURAL EQUATION MODELING OF UNIVERSITY STUDENTS’ SMARTPHONE DEPENDENCE IN AN EMERGING COUNTRY Print E-mail

Zafer Aykanat, Tayfun Yıldız, Ali Kemal Çelik

Abstract

Smartphone dependence has been emerged as a crucial concern especially for young consumers along with rapid technological advances over the past decades. Better understanding the determinants of smartphone dependence on young consumers may be valuable to decrease compulsive smartphone use in the future. The main objective of this study is to examine the association between smartphone dependence and product features, brand name, product price, social influence and social needs using a Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). For this purpose, a well-established survey was conducted to 411 university students in a north-eastern university of Turkey. The empirical evidence of the present study reveals that there exists a positive relationship between smartphone dependence and social influence and social needs. Results also suggest that product price has a negative impact on smartphone dependence. This study is most probably the first attempt to examine factors affecting smartphone dependence in this specific sample. The results of this study may add value to explain the key drivers of problematic smartphone use in emerging countries.

Keywords: smartphone, dependence, structural equation modeling, social influence, social needs, Turkey

Zafer Aykanat - Ardahan University, Department of Business Administration ( This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it )

Tayfun Yıldız - Ardahan University, Department of Business Administration ( This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it )

Ali Kemal Çelik - Atatürk University, Department of Econometrics ( This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it )

Cite this article:
Zafer Aykanat, Yıldız Tayfun, Çelik Ali Kemal. A STRUCTURAL EQUATION MODELING OF UNIVERSITY STUDENTS’ SMARTPHONE DEPENDENCE IN AN EMERGING COUNTRY. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.9, no.3:108-121, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no3-art6

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no3-art6

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EFFICIENCY OF READING COMPREHENSION TRAINING IN PUPILS LIVING IN POVERTY Print E-mail

Milena Košak Babuder

Abstract

The results of Slovene and foreign studies reveal the connection between literacy levels and the level of education, employment opportunities and consequent socio-economic status of individuals and families. Reading efficiency relating to reading comprehension is an important element of reading literacy performance. The findings of several authors indicate empirical evidence of the existence of deficits and poor reading comprehension in pupils living in poverty and stress the importance of offsetting deficits and developing reading comprehension. Results of both foreign and Slovene studies indicate that the program of reading comprehension should be implemented in this group of pupils.

In the article, we want to present effectiveness of the reading comprehension improvement program in pupils living in poverty. According to the findings of our research, in which we structured and implemented the reading comprehension program for pupils living in poverty with the Metacognitive-intersentential model of reading comprehension, the reading comprehension of the experimental group pupils who participated in the program improved compared to the control group pupils who did not participate in the program. Experimental group pupils also significantly improved correctness of their reading, their vocabulary and skills of verbal expression. When the program ended, we tested its efficiency by applied tests. The results on the manifest variables indicated that the program was good and efficient for pupils who live in poverty and experience reading comprehension problems.

Key words: poverty, literacy, reading comprehension problems, program of reading comprehension

Milena Košak Babuder, PhD is an assistant at the Faculty of Education, Department of Special Education at University of Ljubljana (milena kosak-babuder (at) pef.uni.-lj.si)
 

Cite this article:
Kosak Babuder Milena. EFFICIENCY OF READING COMPREHENSION TRAINING IN PUPILS LIVING IN POVERTY. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.8, no.3:61-83, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2015-no3-art03

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2015-no3-art03

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2015-no3-art03.pdf

 
MODELING THE QUALITY OF LIFE - ECONOMIC GROWTH FUELLED BY TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH, INNOVATION AND KNOWLEDGE Print E-mail

 

Katja Rasic, Matjaz Mulej, and Vesna Cancer

Abstract

The paper attempts to integrate indicators of economic growth based on innovation, technology research, and knowledge with the indicators of quality of life. The research collected data at the macro-economic level from the Republic of Slovenia between 1990 and 2011 and empirically verified individual variables based on the quality of life and economic growth. The main purpose of the research was to conceptualize and empirically verify individual variables based on the quality of life and company success, using a sample of 288 economic companies at the micro-economic level. Their innovation–government mechanisms and innovation–innovative process show a strong correlation, while technology research, innovation, knowledge, and company’s success show a medium-strong correlation with the quality of life at the micro-economic level. Technology research, knowledge, and economic growth also show a strong correlation with the quality of life at the macro-economic level in the Republic of Slovenia. Company’s success and economic growth in the Republic of Slovenia have a positive effect on the quality of life. The scientific contribution is based on the application of the new QL-TRIK model that investigates how economic growth fuels quality of life through technology research, innovation, and knowledge.

Keywords: Economic growth, innovation, knowledge, technology research, quality of life.

Katja Rasic, M.Sc., is an senior adviser at the Ministry of Infrastructure and Spatial Planning, Slovenia (katja.rasic (at) gov.si
Matjaz Mulej, Ph.D., is a Professor Emeritus in systems and innovation theory ( This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it )
Vesna Cancer, Ph.D., is an associate professor in the University of Maribor’s Faculty of Economics and Business ( This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it )

 

Cite this article:
Rasic Katja, Matjaz Mulej, Cancer Vesna. MODELING THE QUALITY OF LIFE - ECONOMIC GROWTH FUELLED BY TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH, INNOVATION AND KNOWLEDGE. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.7, no.3:104-131, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2014-no3-art06

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2014-no3-art06

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2014-no3-art06.pdf

 

 
PREFERENCE FOR VISUAL MOTIFS IN FIRST GRADES OF PRIMARY SCHOOL Print E-mail

Matjaž Duh, Jerneja Herzog, Špela Ros

Abstract

A visual motif is an important component of an art project and is the thing initially detected in the visual art. A suitable introduction into visual motifs is provided by art education classes. A teacher can enable a successful execution of an art project to a pupil, only with a detailed introduction into visual motifs. These are not defined with the curriculum; instead, they are freely chosen by the teacher himself. The motifs should be more unusual, out of the ordinary, colourful and original. With the right approach and the selection of artworks, the teacher can develop artistic creativity in his pupils. At the same time, pupils can develop the ability for observation, critical analysis and evaluation of visual art.

In this article, a study is presented, whose purpose was to examine the preferences for visual motifs by gender and stratum of pupils on 4th level of primary school. The findings show the differences are more commonly reflected through gender, and less through stratum from which the pupils originate.

Keywords: visual art, preference for visual motifs, primary school, 10 years old pupils

Ph.D. Matjaž Duh is Associate professor at the University of Maribor, Faculty of Education, Koroška 160, 2000 Maribor, Slovenia. This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Jerneja Herzog, prof. art. edu. is Assistant at the University of Maribor, Faculty of Education, Koroška 160, 2000 Maribor, Slovenia. This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Špela Ros, prof. is a external expert of the University of Maribor, Faculty of Education, Koroška 160, 2000 Maribor, Slovenia. This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Cite this article:
Duh Matjaž, Herzog Jerneja, Ros Špela. PREFERENCE FOR VISUAL MOTIFS IN FIRST GRADES OF PRIMARY SCHOOL. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.6, no.3:92-116, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art06

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2013-no3-art06

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2013-no3-art06.pdf

 
THE ROLE OF POVERTY AND SOCIAL EXCLUSION IN THE ACQUIREMENT OF EDUCATIONAL AND PSYCHOSOCIAL COMPETENCES OF CHILDREN Print E-mail

Nevenka Podgornik

Abstract

In this article we study the concept of social exclusion from a point of view of social inequality that surpass the dimension of the material capital “to have” and that focus on the dimension of social capital, which is the position of individuals in society, their habitus. In other words, this is what determines the opportunities and possibilities of individuals for their integration, belonging, connection, acceptance, realization and social upward mobility. We understand and present the concept of social exclusion like the consequence of a small income, poverty, unemployment, lack of social security, isolation and anomie. In this article, we present the social and political responsibility for the phenomenon of social exclusion and its influence on the children’s educational and psychosocial achievements.

Key words: poverty, social exclusion, educational competences, psychosocial competences, youth’s social vulnerability, school leavers, educational system, parent’s formation, good school

M. Sci. Nevenka Podgornik, is an Assistant at the Faculty of Advanced Social Studies. Slovenia ( This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it )

Cite this article:
Podgornik Nevenka . THE ROLE OF POVERTY AND SOCIAL EXCLUSION IN THE ACQUIREMENT OF EDUCATIONAL AND PSYCHOSOCIAL COMPETENCES OF CHILDREN. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.5, no.3:83-108, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2012-no3-art05

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2012-no3-art05

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2012-no3-art05.pdf

 
TERRITORIAL COMPETITIVENESS FACTORS – DIFFERENT INSTITUTIONS' APPROACHES AND ACTUAL STATE IN SLOVAKIA Print E-mail

Tomas Šoltés 

Abstract
The aim of the article is to present a comparative study of territorial competitiveness factors. The analysis is realized in the form of content analysis of relevant strategic and legal documents both at international level and the level of Slovakia. The article focuses on identifying the most common factors used to determine territorial competitiveness. Therefore, it establishes several major groups based on comparable factor characteristics, divides the factors of each of the analyzed documents into the established groups and compares the perception of competitiveness by various institutions and documents.
 
Keywords: Slovakia, territorial competitiveness, economic crisis, development

Cite this article:
Šoltés Tomas . Territorial competitiveness factors – different institutions' approaches and actual state in Slovakia. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.4, no.2:62-87, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2011-no2-art03

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2011-no2-art03

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2011-no2-art03.pdf

 
DEVELOPMENT COALITIONS. THE ROLE OF PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP IN THEIR OPERATION AND EFFICIENCY Print E-mail

Dumitrică Cătălin Daniel

Abstract  
Building development coalitions, that has as main objective to stimulate and support regional development process involves the development of a highly complex process, involving in particular the use of local resources and a local management able to mobilize all stake Shrani holders to achieve goals.
 
Using the concept of "development coalitions" when referring to the local development process is preferable from the perspective of the size of this term because he represents "a much broader concept than government, but less vague and pluralistic than the concept of governance”.

Establishing development coalitions is closely related with the development of an effective local management.

The aim of this paper is to present examples of development coalitions that are functioning in Romania and to analyze the impact of public private partnership on these structures.
 
Keywords: local management, development coalitions, business development zone, regional development agencies, public private partnership

Dumitrică Cătălin Daniel is a assistant Professor PhD candidate. National School of Political Science and Public Administration, Faculty of Public Administration

Cite this article: 
Daniel Dumitrică Cătălin. Development coalitions . The role of public-private partnerships in their operation and efficiency. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.3, no.2:24-45, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2010-no2-art02

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2010-no2-art02

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TWO NEW SOLUTIONS FOR SEN’S IMPOSSIBILITY OF A PARETIAN LIBERTARIAN Print E-mail

Mihai Daniel Ungureanu 

Abstract:
This article is about Sen’s impossibility of a paretian libertarian theorem. First, I make some preliminary considerations and I give the standard social choice definitions. Second, I briefly present Sen’s result. Third I review nine of the solutions given for Sen’s problem: three restrictions of the weak Pareto condition, three restrictions of the libertarian condition and three restrictions of the universal domain. Fourth I introduce the ideological fidelity as an acceptability criterion for any solution of Sen’s inconsistency result. I use this criterion for rejecting all restrictions of the libertarian and universal domain conditions. Fifth, I present two new solutions which satisfy ideological fidelity. These two solutions consist in restraining the paretian condition’s domain only to those individual preferences which are a) minimal-rational libertarian or b) single-peaked on x-aspects (a concept introduced in this paper).
 
Key words: social decision function, libertarian paradox, ideological fidelity, efficacity for real societies, minimal-rational libertarian preferences, single peaked preferences.

For comments I would like to thank Professor Adrian Miroiu.

Mihai Daniel Ungureanu is PhD. Candidate at the Faculty of Political Science, National School of Political and Administrative Studies, Bucharest, Romania.

Cite this article:
Ungureanu Mihai Daniel. Two new solutions for Sen’s impossibility of a paretian libertarian. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.2, no.2:27-47, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2009-no2-art02

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2009-no2-art02

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2009-no2-art02.pdf

 
TEACHING DONKEY TO TALK: NUKES AND THEOLOGY IN TEHRAN-WASHINGTON DISCOURSE Print E-mail

Lasha Tchantouridze

Abstract
 
This paper addresses the question of religion in international politics, most specifically, in the on-going discourse between the United States and Iran. The two letters written by Iran's President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad to President Bush and American people are used as a background for analysis. The letters are significant as they represent a unique case in modern international relations of interstate business being done through public epistles. Despite the fact that the US and Iran are very much at odds with each other, the presidents of the two countries display remarkable similarities in their outlooks on pressing social issues. Dominant values of the modern international system; however, do not allow for much sympathy for such outbursts of rhetoric in public letters, as the system itself makes most states follow almost the same set of values. The question of Israel figures prominently in Ahmadinejad's letters, as this state is the usual target of Iranian propaganda, and it also would be the most likely target of Tehran's nuclear program.     
 
Keywords: Iran, Nuclear, Ahmadinejad, Israel, Bush

PhD.Lasha Tchantouridze is Research Associate & Adjunct Professor at Centre for Defence and Security Studies at the University of Manitoba.
 
Cite this article:
Tchantouridze Lasha. Teaching Donkey to Talk: Nukes and Theology in Tehran-Washington Discourse . Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.1, no.1:33-52, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2008-no1-art02

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2008-no1-art02

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2008-no1-art02.pdf
 
THE SOCIOLOGICAL VIEW OF A LATE-MODERN INDIVIDUAL'S IDENTITY Print E-mail

Andrej Kovačič, Nevanka Podgornik

Abstract

The passage into a late modern society means the exclusion of a person from his traditional relations, religious systems and social relationships. To an individual the exposure to risks, which were unknown to the traditional pre-modern society, represent vulnerability, especially regarding interpersonal relationships and the possibility of one’s self- modernization. We start from the assumption that phenomena as riskiness, uncertainty, anxiety, unhappiness and disconnectedness are immanent to risk society and that the modern structure of society creates individuals with an unclear and unstable identity. This manifests itself in a form of numerous emotional distresses and thus consequently can make personal distresses a sociological, aggregate phenomenon as well as individual mental health problem.

Key words: late-modern, identity, individualization, ontological safety, mental health

Andrej Kovačič, Ph.D. is a researcher at the Faculty of Media (Ljubljana, Slovenia). He is an active coach and chief executive manager of VEGA (scientific publishing company) and several business companies.

 

Nevenka Podgornik, Ph.D. is an assistant professor at the School for advanced social studies where she carries out pedagogical and research work. According to the professional educational profile she is a psychotherapist with a degree in reality psychotherapy and hold a European degree in psychotherapy. She researches issues regarding relationships, problems related to various addictions and other mental health problems, and educational approaches.

Cite this article:
Andrej Kovačič, Nevenka Podgornik. THE SOCIOLOGICAL VIEW OF A LATE-MODERN INDIVIDUAL'S IDENTITY . Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.10, no.2:20-41, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2017-no2-art2

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2017-no2-art2

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2017-no2-art2.pdf

 

 
UNWANTED BEHAVIOUR AMONG YOUTH: INFLUENCE OF DIGITAL MEDIA CONSUMPTION Print E-mail

Mateja Rek

Abstract

In many cases of unwanted behaviour that we analysed (for instance in case of cheating on school tests, beating, being bullied, conflicts with parents, gambling, intentionally damaging or destroying property) we found a statistically significant effect of the extent of digital media use on incidence of such behaviour. Youth, who are large digital media users, behave in such socially unwanted ways more often compared to smaller media users. A dominant share of youth isn’t involved in violent behaviour or vandalism at all. However, the incidence of violence or vandalism in the large media users group is significantly higher compared to low and medium users group.

Key words: youth, digital media, media effects, unwanted behavior

Mateja Rek is Associate Professor at Faculty of media and Head of the Infrastructural program of Faculty for media – collecting, managing and archiving data on media literacy, funded by Slovenian Research Agency, contract number: 1000-16-2916.

Cite this article:

Rek Mateja. UNWANTED BEHAVIOUR AMONG YOUTH: INFLUENCE OF DIGITAL MEDIA CONSUMPTION. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.9, no.3:122--1, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no3-art7

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2016-no3-art7

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2016-no3-art7.pdf

 
TRIANGULATION OF METHODS OF CAREER EDUCATION Print E-mail

Marija Turnšek Mikačić

Abstract

This paper is an overview of the current research in the field of career education and career planning. Presented results constitute a model based on the insight into different theories and empirical studies about career planning as a building block of personal excellence.  We defined credibility, transferability and reliability of the research by means of triangulation. As sources of data of triangulation we included essays of participants of education and questionnaires. Qualitative analysis represented the framework for the construction of the paradigmatic model and the formulation of the final theory. We formulated a questionnaire on the basis of our own experiences in the area of the education of individuals. The quantitative analysis, based on the results of the interviews, confirms the following three hypotheses:  The individuals who elaborated a personal career plan and acted accordingly, changed their attitudes towards their careers and took control over their lives; in addition, they achieved a high level of self-esteem and self-confidence, in tandem with the perception of personal excellence, in contrast to the individuals who did not participate in career education and did not elaborate a career plan. We used the tools of NLP (neurolinguistic programming) as an additional technique at learning.

Key words: Triangulation, career planning, self-esteem, personal excellence, neurolinguistic programming.

Ph.D. Marija Turnšek Mikačić is a lecturer at the Faculty of Organisation Studies, Novo mesto and Landscape  Governance College, Novo mesto, (marija.turnsek-mikacic (at) cultos.net)

Cite this article:
Turnsek Mikacic Marija. TRIANGULATION OF METHODS OF CAREER EDUCATION. Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences, vol.8, no.3:31-60, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2015-no3-art02

Digital Object Identifier(DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.12959/issn.1855-0541.IIASS-2015-no3-art02

View full text in pdf: http://www.iiass.com/pdf/IIASS-2015-no3-art02.pdf

 
FREE-FLOATING IDENTITIES: SOCIAL PAIN OR SOCIAL GA